Metacognition in Computer-Assisted Language Learnng (CALL)

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Metacognition Studies in language learning EFL LearnersEFL Teachers

implementation of metacognition in language learning process strategy teaching to lead learners make use of metacognition to help them achieving their learning goals

MetacognitionProcess of thinking about ones thinking.Metacognition is ones information and awareness about their own cognition. (Flavell, 1979) DefinitionMetacognition as cognition about ones own cognitions.(Nelson, 1992)

MetacognitionMetacognitionMetacognitive KnowledgeMetacognitive Strategieslearners knowledge about their learninglearners regulation and management of their learning

Metacognitive KnowledgeFlavell in Nelson (1992) Segment of your (a childs, an adults) stored world knowledge that has to do with people as cognitive creatures andtheir various cognitive tasks, goals, actions, and experiences. It consists of knowledge or beliefs about what factors or variables act and interact in what ways to affect the development and the outcome of cognitive enterprises.

Metacognitive KnowledgeTask VariablePerson VariableStrategy Variablethe information available to someone during the cognitive enterpriseeverything that one could believe about the nature of oneself and other people as cognitive processors. strategies are likely to be effective in achieving what sub goals and goals in what sorts of cognitive tasks. Most metacognitive knowledge actually concerns combinations among two or three of these here types of variables.

Metacognitive Strategiesthinking about the learning process planning for learning monitoring the learning task evaluating how well one has learnedOMalley and Chamot (1990) Seven major groups of self management

PlanningDirected attentionSelective attentionSelf-managementSelf-monitoringProblem identificationSelf-evaluation Metacognitive strategies are also described as mental operations used by learners in the self-management of their learning.

CALLComputer-Assisted Language LearningThe area of applied linguistics concerns the use of computers for teaching and learning a second or foreign language.Three phases of CALL development:

engage students in problem-solving activitiespromote integration of skillsdrill and test knowledge of vocabulary and grammatical structure

Metacognition in CALLCALL has provided a lot of advantages for language learning and teaching.


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