Madhu Pandit Dasa the president of ISKCON Bangalore | Madhu Pandit the chairman of The Akshaya Patra Foundation.
Text of Madhu Pandit - Krishna voice 2010 02(feb)
Vol 11, No.2 Feb 2010 CONTENTS Who is Lord Chaitanya? 4 Srila Prabhupada Speaks Out 9 To Love God 12 Sour Grapes and the Vine of Vedic Knowledge 14 From Morality to Spirituality 17 His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta The Teachings of Lord Chaitanya 19 Swami Prabhupada, Founder- Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, came to Please chant... America in 1965, at age 69, to fulfill Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare his spiritual masters request that he ...and be happy! teach the science of Krishna consciousness throughout the English- Published and owned by Sankirtana Seva Trust, speaking world. In a dozen years he editing by Chamari Devi Dasi. published some seventy volumes of Layout, design and graphics by ISKCON Design translation and commentary on Indias Group, Bangalore. Vedic literature, and these are now For all information contact: Editor, Krishna standard in universities worldwide. Voice, SST, Hare Krishna Hill, Chord Road, Bangalore - 560 010 INDIA Phone: 91-80-2347 Meanwhile, travelling almost nonstop, 1956, 91-80-2357 8346 Fax: 91-80-2357 8625. Srila Prabhupada moulded his 2010 Sankirtana Seva Trust, Bangalore. All international society into a world wide Krishna art and the works of Srila Prabhupada confederation of ashramas, schools, are BBT International. temples and farm communities. He All rights reserved throughout the world. passed away in 1977, in Vrindavana, Reproduction in any manner is strictly prohibited. the place most sacred to Lord Krishna. Printed for ISKCON, Bangalore, at Manipal His disciples and followers are carrying Printers (P) Ltd., Manipal. forward the movement he started. Cover pages-4 Text pages-24 Krishna Voice, Feb 2010 3
Who is Lord Chaitanya? Understanding His position in the light of scripture and the teachings of previous spiritual masters A lecture given in Mayapur, West Bengal, on March 2, 1974 by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada Founder-Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness jaya jaya mahaprabhu sri-krishna-chaitanya tanhara caranasrita sei bada dhanya "Let me offer glorification to the Supreme Lord, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. One who has taken shelter of His lotus feet is the most glorified person." Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita, Adi-lila 7.2 Sri Krishna Chaitanya is Sri Krishna. Srila Rupa Gosvami spoke this verse: namo maha-vadanyaya krishna-prema-pradaya te krishnaya krishna-chaitanya- namne gaura-tvise namah "O most munificent incarnation! You are Krishna Himself appearing as Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. You have assumed the golden color of Srimati Radharani [Lord Krishna's internal energy], and You are widely distributing pure love of Krishna. We offer our respectful obeisances unto You." Lord Chaitanya is Krishna Himself. In this age, known as Kali-yuga, Krishna's direct incarnation is Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. This is also confirmed throughout the Vedic literatureMahabharata, Puranas, Upanishads. The essence of all Vedic literature is the Srimad-Bhagavatam, and there also Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is accepted as the Supreme Lord: krishan-varnam tvisakrishnam sangopangastra-parsadam yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah The Srimad-Bhagavatam says that in the Kali-yuga the incarnation of Krishna has a bodily complexion that is akrishna, "not Krishna." The Sanskrit word Krishna means "black." In the shastra, the scriptures, it is said that Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appears in the four yugas, or ages, in four different colours: asan varnas trayo hy asya grhnato 'nuyugam tanuh suklo raktas tatha pitah idanim krishnatam gatah "Your son Krishna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past He assumed three colourswhite, red, and yellowand now He has appeared in a blackish color." This verse was spoken by the learned brahmana Gargamuni during Krishna's name-giving ceremony. In the Vedic culture, as soon as a child is born his horoscope is made and his past and future are calculated. Today, because of poverty and other reasons, practically no one does this. But this is one of the samskaras, or purifying rituals for human life. At conception there is the garbhadhana samskara, while the child is within the womb there is a samskara, and so on. In this way a human body is purified by ten kinds of samskaras, or purificatory methods. It is said, janmana jayate sudrah samskarad bhaved dvija: "Everyone is born a shudra, a member of the unpurified caste, but by samskara one becomes twice-born, or a brahmana." Everyone is born from a father and a mother. Even cats and dogs have a father and a mother. Any life you get, there is a father and a mother. Therefore the Prema-vivarta says: janame janame sabe pita-mata paya krishna guru nahi mile bhaja hari ei Krishna Voice, Feb 2010 5
"In every birth you'll get a father and a mother. But in every birth you cannot get Krishna or a bona fide spiritual master." The perfection of human life is possible by the mercy of guru and Krishna. And that mercy can be achieved in the human form of life, not in the life of cats and dogs. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is acting as both guru and Krishna, or as the combination of the two. Kaviraja Gosvami, the author of Chaitanya-charitamrita, first offered his obeisances to Lord Chaitanya in the first verse of this chapter (agaty-eka-gatim natva ...). After offering obeisances to the Supreme Lord, "the only hope for the hopeless," now the author is again offering obeisances with the second verse: jaya jaya mahaprabhu sri-Krishna-Chaitanya. Prabhu and Mahaprabhu Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Prabhuany Vaishnava, or devotee of the Lord, is addressed as prabhu ("Lord" or "master"). But Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Mahaprabhu, the "topmost prabhu, the master prabhu." All others are servant prabhus. For example, if you work in an office, you may consider your immediate boss your master, but he's not the master. The managing director or the proprietor is master of the office. But, still, those who work under him"sub-prabhus"are also called prabhu. All Vaishnavas should be addressed as "Prabhu." That is the etiquette. But Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Mahaprabhu because He's the greatest master. ekale isvara Krishna ara saba bhrtya yare yaiche nacaya, se taiche kare nrtya "Lord Krishna alone is the supreme controller, and all others are His servants. They dance as He makes them do so." We are simply dancing in the material world, trying to be the master. Everyone is trying. Everyone wants to exploit the resources of the material nature, to become the master. That is the struggle for existence. I am trying to become the master, and you are trying to become the master, so there is a clash. I challenge you, "Why should you be the master?" And you challenge why I should be the master. That is going on. That is the nature of the material world. But if we accept that we are eternal servants and not the master, and that the master is Krishna or Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, then our problems are solved. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has sung, jiv krishna dasa ei visvas korle to ar duhkha nai: "If you just understand that the spirit soul is the eternal servant of Krishna, you will never have any more sorrows." That is the solution. Everyone wants to become the master, the prabhu. You can become prabhu. That is not extraordinary. Some way or other we are prabhus. Suppose I am a family man. I am managing my family, my wife, my children, my servants, my subordinates, so I may be prabhu. In that sense I am a small prabhu. Similarly, everyone is prabhu. But there is the supreme prabhu, the prabhu of