Linked open data and libraries

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Presentation for uWaterloo IT staff on linked open data and libraries

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  • 1.Linked Open Data and Libraries IST Friday Morning Seminar uWaterloo, Dec. 13, 2013 Alison Hitchens Cataloguing & Metadata Librarian

2. Agenda Explanation of linked (open) data Possibilities for linked open data and libraries, with example projects Current state of linked open data in libraries and archivesHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20132 3. LINKED (OPEN) DATAHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20133 4. Defining Linked Data describes a method of publishing structured data so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard Web technologies such as HTTP, RDF and URIs, but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers. (emphasis added) From Wikipedia linked data page Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20134 5. The Web of DocumentsHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Atwood 20135 6. Documents linked to Documents

Margaret Eleanor Atwood ... (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, and environmental activist. She is a winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award and Prince of Asturias Award for Literature, has been shortlisted for the Booker Prize... Many of her poems have been inspired by myths and fairy tales, which have been interests of hers from an early age

Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20136 7. The Web of Things & Structured Datahttp://dbpedia.org/page/Margaret_Atwood Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20137 8. Statements about things Margaret Atwood is a person Margaret Atwood was born in Ottawa Margaret Atwood writes speculative fiction Margaret Atwood influenced Barbara Kingsolver Margaret Atwood has homepage http://www.margaretatwood.ca/Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20138 9. Resource Description Framework (RDF) Triples SubjectPredicateObjectIs a (has type) Margaret AtwoodMargaret AtwoodPersonWas born in OttawaHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 20139 10. From Tables to Graphs Has homepageMargaret AtwoodIs aSubject Was bornhttp://www.margaretat wood.ca/Was born inPersonOttawa 1939-11-18 Record IDCP001NameMargaret AtwoodTypePersonPlace of BirthOttawaDate of Birth1939-11-18Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 http://www.margaretatwood.ca/ 10 Homepage 11. Joining Graphs Margaret Atwood Subject Was bornIs a PersonWas born in OttawaCanada1939-11-18Capitol of OttawaBirthplace of Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013Has population883,391Bruce Cockburn 11 12. Use URIs http://dbpedia.org/page/Mar garet_Atwood Subjecthttp://dbpedia.org/ontology/birthPlacehttp://dbpedia.org/ ontology/birthDate http://dbpedia.org/page/Ottawa 1939-11-18Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201312 13. sameAs: Join Different Datasets Ottawa in dbPedia = http://dbpedia.org/page/Ottawaowl:sameAs Ottawa in Freebase: http://rdf.freebase.com/ns/m.05kshowl:sameAsOttawa in Geonames: http://sws.geonames.org/6094817/Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201313 14. Serialization of RDF XML, Turtle, etc. 11unt> Atwood, Margaret ...From New York Times linked data page for Margaret Atwood (abridged): Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 http://data.nytimes.com/N10507958644473712303 ; http://data.nytimes.com/N10507958644473712303.rdf14 15. On OntologiesHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 From FOAF Vocabulary Specification 0.98 http://xmlns.com/foaf/spec/15 16. Using Linked Data Create applications to mash-up data from multiple sources Make use of embedded data in html Use SPARQL query language for RDF Image of Google Knowledge Graph Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 results for Margaret Atwood16 17. LINKED OPEN DATA AND LIBRARIESHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201317 18. Sharing Library Data Libraries have trustworthy data Libraries have many vocabularies and classifications Libraries have unique collections Libraries have holdings dataHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201318 19. Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/98029748/ Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 Dbpedia: http://dbpedia.org/page/Nelson_Mandela19 20. Library of Congress Vocabularies (http://id.loc.gov/)Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201320 21. Libraries have unique collectionsSource: Pan-Canadian Documentary Heritage Network Linked Open Data Visualizaton Proof-of-Concept Out of the trenches: linked open data of the first world war: final report. Image from p. 11 Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013 http://www.canadiana.ca/sites/pub.canadiana.ca/files/PCDHN%20Proof-of-concept_Final-Report-ENG_0.pdf21 22. OCLC WorldCat Records as LODhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10277993; can add .rdf, .ttl Dec. 2013http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10277993.ttl Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - etc. E.g. 22 23. Libraries have holdings dataAvailable at libraries near you: Waterloo Public Library Kitchener Public Library Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013University of Waterloo 23 24. Libraries can consume data Provide contextual information in our catalogues Help users make connections Lead users to external information sources Connect across silosHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201324 25. Augment our cataloguesAustrian Library Networks instance of Primo http://search.obvsg.at/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?m enuitem=0&fromTop=true&fromPreferences=false&fromEshelf=fa lse&vid=ACC Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201325 26. Linked JazzHitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 2013http://linkedjazz.org/network/; video about Linked Jazz http://vimeo.com/6830867526 27. CURRENT STATE OF LOD IN LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201327 28. Where are we now? Releasing data Developing new data frameworks (BIBFRAME) and conversion tools (XC) Developing use cases Prototypes and proofs of concept A lot of learning!Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201328 29. The 5 Stars of LODhttp://inkdroid.org/journal/2010/06/04/the-5-stars-of-openlinked-data/ Tim Berners-Lee quoted by Libraries - Dec. 2013 Ed Summers Hitchens - LOD &29 30. Resources Tim Berners-Lee (2009) Design Issues. Linked Data http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html Tim Berners-Lee (2009) The next web. A TED talk, February 2009. access at http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.htm l (open access) Karen Coyle (2012). Is linked data the answer? Coyles Information Thurs. Oct. 18, 2012. http://kcoyle.blogspot.ca/2012/10/is-linkeddata-answer.html (open access) Karen Coyle. Understanding the semantic web: bibliographic data and metadata. Chicago: American Library Association, 2010 (Library Technology reports ; v. 46, no. 1) access at http://www.metapress.com.proxy.lib.uwaterloo.ca/content/g212v1 783607/ (uWaterloo has subscription)Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201330 31. Resources Corey Harper (2013). Linked Data: a Library, Archive & Museum Perspective: LLD, LOD-LAM and Linking Scholarship. Presented at Linked Ancient World Data Institute, May 31, 2013. http://www.slideshare.net/charper/charperlawdi20130531 (open access) Corey Harper (2011). Library linked data: tuning library metadata for the semantic web. An ALCTS webcast, March 16. 2011. access at http://www.ala.org/alcts/confevents/upcoming/webinar/cat/031611 (open access) Tom Heath and Christian Bizer (2011) Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space (1st edition). Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology, 1:1, 1-136. Morgan & Claypool. http://linkeddatabook.com/editions/1.0/ (open access) Lukas Koster (2013). The Poor Persons Linked Open Data Workbench: Using Discovery Tools for Presenting Integrated Information in Commonplace.net Nov. 11, 2013 http://commonplace.net/2013/11/thepoor-persons-linked-open-data-workbench/ (open access)Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201331 32. Resources Linked Data: Connect Distributed Data Across the Web http://linkeddata.org/ (open access) (includes the LOD Cloud diagram) LinkedDataTools.com (2009) Introducing Linked Data and the Semantic Web http://www.linkeddatatools.com/semantic-web-basics (open access) OCLC (2013). Linked Data at OCLC http://www.oclc.org/data.en.html (open access) David Rogers (2013) Introducing the BBCs Linked Data Platform and APIs. Recorded at Qcon London, April 29, 2013. http://www.infoq.com/presentations/bbc-data-platform-api (open access) Richard Wallis (2013). Linked Data Progress with OCLC and Others. At OCLC Linked Data Round Table, IFLA Conference, Aug. 19, 2013, Singapore. http://www.slideshare.net/rjw/linked-data-progress-ifla-2013 (open access)Hitchens - LOD & Libraries - Dec. 201332

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