How to develop communicative competence with our students

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    23-Jan-2018

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  • HOW TO DEVELOPCOMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

    WITH OUR STUDENTS?Prepared by: Maicol Suntasig

    Subject: English teaching practicum

  • DEFINING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

    Current definition

    Grammatical

    Knowledge of lexical items

    Discourse

    Ability to connectsentences

    Sociolinguistics

    Undesrtand the social context where thelanguage is used

    Strategic competence

    Verbal or nonverbalstrategies to

    communicate

    Four components

  • LANGUAGE FUNCTIONSInstrumental

    Manipulate the environment. Ex: This is the stove

    Regulatory

    Control of events, approval, behavior control, etc.

    Representational

    Make statements. E: the sun is hot.

    Interactional

    Ensure social maintanance. Ex: jokes, slang, folklore, etc.

    Personal

    Express feelings

    Heuristic

    To acquire knowledge

    Imaginative

    Create imaginary systems

  • FUNCTIONAL SYLLABUSES

    Introducing self and other people

    Exchanging personal information

    Asking how to spell someones name

    Giving commands

    Apologizing and thanking

    Identifying and describing people

    Asking for information

  • DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

    Analysis of the relationship between forms and functions of language

    We use language in stretches of discourse

    Production and comprehension of language are factor of our ability to perceive

    Without the pragmatic contexts of discourse

    Our communication would be extraordinary ambiguous.

    Teaching Reading: cohesion and coherence are common terms

  • Conversation Analysis

    Attention getting

    Topic nomination

    Topic

    development

    Turn-taking

    Clarification,

    shifting,

    avoidance, and

    interruption

    Topic termination

  • PRAGMATICS

    Language comprehension and production may be loosely thought of as the effect of contexton strings of linguistics events.

    Second Language Acquisition becomes a difficult task when pragmalinguistic orsociopragmatic constraints are brought to bear

  • Language and Gender

    Form a significant, intricately interwoven

    in our sociopragmatic competence

    Sexist language

    Women use

    language that

    expresses more

    tan men

    Pragmatic

    factors of

    language

    acquisition

  • STYLES AND REGISTERSLevels of formality

    Oratical

    Deliberative

    Consultative

    Casual

    Intimate

  • NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION

    Interactive language functions in whichsocial contact is of key importance

    Is not what you say but how you say it

    It is subconscious in a native speaker thatverbal language seems.

    The expressions of culture is so bound up in nonverbal communication that thebarriers to culture learning are more nonverbal tan verbal.

  • Kinesics

    Agreement, yes

    No!

    Come here

    Lack of interest, I dont know

    Flirting signals, sexual signals

    Insults, obscene gestures

  • Eye Contact

    It depends on the culture

    American culture, for example, lack of ey contact could represent lack of attention

  • Proxemics

    Physicalproximity

    Distances forconversation

    Personal space

    Violated if a strangerstand closer

    ObjectsServe to mantain

    distances

  • Kinesthetics

  • Olfactory Dimensions

    Noses receive sensory

    nonverbal messagesAnimal kigdom

    Be aware of the

    accepted mores of

    other cultures in the

    olfactory modality

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