How to develop communicative competence with our students

  • Published on
    23-Jan-2018

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HOW TO DEVELOPCOMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCEWITH OUR STUDENTS?Prepared by: Maicol SuntasigSubject: English teaching practicumDEFINING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCECurrent definitionGrammaticalKnowledge of lexical itemsDiscourseAbility to connectsentencesSociolinguisticsUndesrtand the social context where thelanguage is usedStrategic competenceVerbal or nonverbalstrategies to communicateFour componentsLANGUAGE FUNCTIONSInstrumentalManipulate the environment. Ex: This is the stoveRegulatoryControl of events, approval, behavior control, etc.RepresentationalMake statements. E: the sun is hot.InteractionalEnsure social maintanance. Ex: jokes, slang, folklore, etc.PersonalExpress feelingsHeuristicTo acquire knowledgeImaginativeCreate imaginary systemsFUNCTIONAL SYLLABUSESIntroducing self and other peopleExchanging personal informationAsking how to spell someones nameGiving commandsApologizing and thankingIdentifying and describing peopleAsking for informationDISCOURSE ANALYSISAnalysis of the relationship between forms and functions of languageWe use language in stretches of discourseProduction and comprehension of language are factor of our ability to perceiveWithout the pragmatic contexts of discourseOur communication would be extraordinary ambiguous.Teaching Reading: cohesion and coherence are common termsConversation AnalysisAttention gettingTopic nominationTopicdevelopmentTurn-takingClarification, shifting, avoidance, and interruptionTopic terminationPRAGMATICS Language comprehension and production may be loosely thought of as the effect of contexton strings of linguistics events. Second Language Acquisition becomes a difficult task when pragmalinguistic orsociopragmatic constraints are brought to bearLanguage and GenderForm a significant, intricately interwovenin our sociopragmatic competenceSexist languageWomen use language thatexpresses more tan menPragmaticfactors of languageacquisitionSTYLES AND REGISTERSLevels of formalityOraticalDeliberativeConsultativeCasualIntimateNONVERBAL COMMUNICATION Interactive language functions in whichsocial contact is of key importance Is not what you say but how you say it It is subconscious in a native speaker thatverbal language seems. The expressions of culture is so bound up in nonverbal communication that thebarriers to culture learning are more nonverbal tan verbal.KinesicsAgreement, yesNo!Come hereLack of interest, I dont knowFlirting signals, sexual signalsInsults, obscene gesturesEye Contact It depends on the culture American culture, for example, lack of ey contact could represent lack of attentionProxemicsPhysicalproximityDistances forconversationPersonal spaceViolated if a strangerstand closerObjectsServe to mantaindistancesKinestheticsOlfactory DimensionsNoses receive sensorynonverbal messagesAnimal kigdomBe aware of theaccepted mores of other cultures in theolfactory modality

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