High Stakes Testing

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  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. and, in some cases, another layer of tes=ng to prepare students for the tests that prepare them for the tests that most maAer.

    What follows is a look at how a culture of tes=ng is threatening our educa=on system and stealing value from teachers, students, and taxpayers.

    Fortunately, there may be something we can do about it... Hanging in the balance are billions of dollars in school funding, teacher bonuses and job security, and the decision on whether this student passes to the next grade.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. and, in some cases, another layer of tes=ng to prepare students for the tests that prepare them for the tests that most maAer.

    What follows is a look at how a culture of tes=ng is threatening our educa=on system and stealing value from teachers, students, and taxpayers.

    Fortunately, there may be something we can do about it... The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. and, in some cases, another layer of tes=ng to prepare students for the tests that prepare them for the tests that most maAer.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. and, in some cases, another layer of tes=ng to prepare students for the tests that prepare them for the tests that most maAer.

    What follows is a look at how a culture of tes=ng is threatening our educa=on system and stealing value from teachers, students, and taxpayers.

  • Every year, millions of students just like this one take high-stakes, standardized tests just like the one hes taking here.

    The poten=al rewards for success have spawned another baAery of tests to prepare for the high stakes assessments

    This boy will take over 120 mandated standardized tests before he graduates. While the stakes of these tests are high, their value is very low. and, in some cases, another layer of tes=ng to prepare students for the tests that prepare them for the tests that most maAer.

    What follows is a look at how a culture of tes=ng is threatening our educa=on system and stealing value from teachers, students, and taxpayers.

    Fortunately, there may be something we can do about it...

  • PASSING O N T H E

    TEST HOW HIGH-STAKES TESTING THREATENS AMERICAN EDUCATION A N D W H A T W E C A N D O A B O U T I T

    BY: K. RHODIE EDWARDS

  • WHAT ARE STANDARDIZED

    TESTS?

  • HISTORY OF TESTING Originated in China

    Popularized in U.S. 1900s: IQ Test 1910s: Military

    Ocer Candidacy 1940s: ETS and

    college admission

    SOURCE: TIME.COM

  • USEFULNESS OF TESTING More ecient than

    individually graded tests.

    High-volume (high-N) tests allows for comparison between students.

    Reliable scale allows for absolute score insights.

    An individual student in this class can easily be ranked against other students in the class or other classes who took the same exam.

  • High-quality assessments generate rich data and can provide valuable informa9on about student progress to teachers and parents, support accountability, promote high expecta=ons, and encourage equity for students of color and low-income students.

    Center for American Progress:

    WHY DO WE TEST?

  • WHY DO WE TEST?

    Required by No Child Left Behind

    Managed by states High-Stakes = big payo

    FEDERALLY MANDATED

    DISTRICT MANDATED

    GRANT REQUIRED

    Used mostly as a practice or check-in for federally mandated tests.

    Funds tied to completion of tests.

    Helps with broad adoption of policies and practices.

  • WHY DO WE TEST?

    Required by No Child Left Behind.

    Managed by states. High-Stakes

    FEDERALLY MANDATED

    DISTRICT MANDATED

    GRANT REQUIRED

    Used mostly as a practice or check-in for federally mandated tests.

    Funds tied to completion of tests.

    Helps with broad adoption of policies and practices.

  • WHY DO WE TEST?

    Required by No Child Left Behind.

    Managed by states. High-Stakes

    FEDERALLY MANDATED

    DISTRICT MANDATED

    GRANT REQUIRED

    Used mostly as a practice or check-in for federally mandated tests.

    Funds tied to completion of tests.

    Helps with broad adoption of policies and practices.

  • USING STANDARDIZED

    TESTS

  • USES FOR TESTS Each test below is mandated by some districts for one or more grades

    PRE-TESTS FOR COLLEGE

    ENTRANCE TESTS

    COLLEGE PREP EXAMS

    COMMON-CORE-ALIGNED

    ASSESSMENTS

    COLLEGE ENTRANCE TESTS

    STATEWIDE DIAGNOSTIC EXAMS

    DISTRICT BENCHMARKING

    EXAMS

    KINDERGARTEN READINESS TESTS

    HIGH SCHOOL EXIT EXAMS

    GIFTED & TALENTED

    ASSESSMENT

    SOURCE: CENTER FOR AMERICAN PROGRESS

  • TIME SPENT TESTING 2% on tes=ng

    18% on Test Prep

    10% of addi=onal =me is spent by teachers on test-related ac=vi=es.

    School Time Devoted to Tes9ng

    SOURCES: COUNCIL OF GREAT CITY SCHOOLS, UFTA

  • TIME SPENT TESTING 2% on tes=ng

    18% on Test Prep

    10% of addi=onal =me is spent by teachers on test-related ac=vi=es.

    School Time Devoted to Tes9ng

    SOURCES: COUNCIL OF GREAT CITY SCHOOLS, UFTA

  • TIME SPENT TESTING 2% on tes=ng

    18% on Test Prep

    10% of addi=onal =me is spent by teachers on test-related ac=vi=es.

    School Time Devoted to Tes9ng

  • TIME SPENT TESTING 2% on tes=ng

    18% on Test Prep

    10% of addi=onal =me is spent by teachers on test-related ac=vi=es.

    School Time Devoted to Tes9ng Test-Focused School Days

    65 Days

    Involve

    Tes9ng

    Ac9vi9es

  • DIRECT COSTS OF TESTING $400 - $1100 per student per year.

    SOURCE: CARNEGIE FOUNDATION

    Test licensing @ $250 Prep materials @ $550 Class Time Lost @ $300

  • INDIRECT COSTS OF TESTING TEACHER ATTRITION

    45% of teachers considered quieng due to tes=ng.

    Per-teacher recruitment and induc=on costs of $4 K - $ 18K.

    Annual NYC cost: $115 M

    SOURCE: NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION

  • MISUSING STANDARDIZED

    TESTS T H E 3 0 0 P O U N D G O R I L L A I N T H E C L A S S R O O M : T E S T S D O N T T E S T W H A T W E E X P E C T T H E M T O .

  • GOALS OF EDUCATION NOT TESTED

    SURVEY OF THE US PUBLIC: PRESUMED GOALS OF EDUCATION

    Prepare children for ci9zenship Cul=vate a skilled workforce Teach cultural literacy Foster cri9cal thinking skills Develop individuals to compete in

    a global economy SOURCE: CARNEGIE FOUNDATION

  • DESIRABLE SKILL SETS NOT TESTED

    0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16%

    Analy=cal Skills MS PowerPoint

    Organiza=onal Skills Works Independently

    Self-Star=ng Problem Solving Detail Oriented

    MS Oce Communica=ons Skills

    Percent Indica,ng Demand for Each Skill

    SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL DATA CORPORATION

    Employers To IDC: Math (Analytics) Is The Only Mission-Critical

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