Gardening sheets fall color

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    10-Jan-2017

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  • Bigleaf maple Acer macrophyllum (AY-sir mack-row-FIE-lum [or mack-row-FILL-um])

    Family: Sapindaceae [Aceraceae] (Maple Family) Native to: Western U.S. from S. CA to WA. Locally in Santa Monica and San Gabriel Mtns.; moist woods, forests, stream banks and canyons below 7,000 ft. in Yellow Pine Forest (local), Foothill Woodland, Chaparral, Valley Grassland, (many plant communities). Growth characteristics: woody tree mature height: 30-75+ ft. mature width:30-50 ft. Very large, woody tree with broad, rounded crown at maturity. Leaves large (5-10 inch) maple leaves with 5 lobes. Winter-deciduous; fall leaves are golden yellow. Lives several hundred years. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in spring (Mar-Apr. in S. CA), though flowers are insignificant. Separate male and female flowers are small, yellow-green, on same flowering stalk. Seed a winged samara. Uses in the garden: large size limits its use to very large gardens, parks, campuses, etc. Makes a stately shade tree in a lawn. Excellent habitat tree. Noted for fall foliage color. Native N. CA shrubs and ferns do well beneath its canopy. Looks and feels like a woodland or Eastern U.S. tree. This is a lovely tree in the right setting. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Maples. Attracts: Excellent all-round habitat tree. Provides nectar for bees, butterflies and other insect pollinators. Cover, nesting sites and food, particularly for insect-eating birds. Good bird tree. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Sun, part-sun to quite shady. Soil Most local soils; pH 4.0-8.0. Water Needs regular water in S. CA (Water Zone 3). Tolerates seasonal flooding. Fertilizer Yearly fertilizer. In wild, grows in richer, riparian soils. Other Mulch with organic mulch (or grass). Management: Plant only in large sites. Will re-seed. Roots can invade sewer lines. Propagation: from seed: may need cold treatment by cuttings: yes Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 3, 5, 6, 11-14, 54, 55, 63, 72 11/1/16

    Project SOUND

  • * Vine Maple Acer circinatum (AY-ser ser-sin-AY-tum)

    Family: Aceraceae (Maple Family) Native to: Pacific NW from S. Alaska to N. CA; in pine forests and along shaded streambanks. Growth characteristics: woody shrub/vine mature height: 10-25+ ft. mature width: 20-40 ft. Winter-deciduous woody vine to small tree or large shrub (form depends on available light; vine-like with multiple trunks in low-light conditions). Leaves are palmate typical for maples and may become bright red to yellow in fall. Bark is smooth and light gray-green to tan. Unique looking. Blooms/fruits: Blooms in spring (Mar-May). Flowers small, green-red, inconspicuous. Fruit is a showy two-seeded winged fruit (samara) that starts green then becomes red-brown in summer/fall. Fruits very showy. Cultivars: Monroe , Sunglow yellow spring leaves; Pacific Fire red bark. Uses in the garden: Most often used in shady areas of the garden under trees or N. side of buildings. Gives a real sense of woodlands. Good choice under firs and pines likes the acidic soil created by pine needles. Often used on stream banks to hold soil. Can grow in containers even bonsai. Nice addition to an Asian-themed garden. Accent plant for showy fruits, fall leaf color. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Maples. Attracts: Excellent habitat plant. Larval food for Western Tiger Swallowtail butterfly and Polyphemus & other moths. A good nectar source for bees. Provides cover/nest sites for birds and seeds for food (grosbeaks, vireos, woodpeckers, nuthatches, finches, squirrels and others). Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Part-shade to full shade; needs at least afternoon shade. Soil Well-drained soil with slightly acidic pH (5.5 - 6.5) Water Near-regular water best (Zone 2-3) in our area (it grows in rainy climates) Fertilizer Likes a rich soil fertilize and use organic mulch. Other Can amend soil with organic amendments prior to planting. Management: Prune/tie to shape beginning when very young. Prune only as needed tends to sucker when pruned. Never remove more than 20-25% of foliage. Propagation: from seed: fresh in fall; or 3 mo. cold-moist treat by cuttings: layering, soft-wood Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 6, 8, 13 11/29/10 * Native to CA but not to Western L.A. Co. Project SOUND Western/Red-osier dogwood Cornus sericea (KOR-nus ser-ee-KEE-uh )

  • Family: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family) Native to: North & NW U.S, Canada, CA Floristic Province; riparian areas and other moist sites

  • (lon-ISS-er-a his-PID-yoo-la VAS-i-lans)

    Family: Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) Native to: Much of CA to OR, WA; in canyons, streamsides, woodlands below 3000', chaparral. Growth characteristics: woody perennial vine mature length: 5-18 ft. Spreading or climbing vine with small, oval fuzzy leaves. Foliage turns bronze/purple in winter. Blooms/fruits: Blooms Apr-Jul. Large pink-white flowers in whorls. Showy and fragrant. Hummingbird pollinated. Red edible (but tart) berries in fall are also showy. Uses in the garden: Excellent as ground cover, bank cover or climber in natural gardens. Good for covering fences (with support) and for shaded areas. Nice fragrance & good habitat plant. Pretty choice over an arbor or climbing up a trellis. Plant where you can enjoy sweet-scented flowers. Sensible substitute for: Non-native woody vines, including invasive non-native honeysuckles. Attracts: Excellent bird habitat: provides nectar for hummingbirds; cover and berries for food. Also good nectar source for bees and butterflies. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to shade; probably best in part-shade Soil Any texture including clays; pH 5-7 best Water Moderate to no summer water once established. Can tolerate seasonal flooding. Fertilizer Low Other Best in well-drained soils Management: Can be invasive in wet sites. Prune to manage. Needs support to climb. Host for Phytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death). Propagation: from seed: yes; may require soaking, cold treatment by cuttings: hard- or semi-softwood in summer/fall. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 2, 5, 8, 11, 13, 14, 19, 20, 24, 27 2/21/11

    Project SOUND

  • * Western Redbud Cercis orbiculata/occidentalis (SER-sis or-bik-yoo-LAY-tuh)

    Family: Fabaceae (Pea Family) Native to: Southwestern U.S. including northern & central coast ranges and Sierra foothills; canyons & dry slopes (usually next to a spring or seasonal creek) to 4500'. Chaparral, Douglas Fir Forest, Central Oak Woodland, Joshua Tree Woodland and Yellow (Ponderosa) Pine Forest. Growth characteristics: lg. woody shrub/sm. tree mature height:6-20 ft. mature width: 6-20 ft. Ornamental large flowering shrub or small tree with rounded crown of many spreading branches. Can be trained to a central leader. Unusual rounded heart-shaped leaves are apple green and maturing to bluish-green. Winter deciduous (occasionally evergreen in mild climates). Medium growth rate fast when young. Blooms/fruits: Blooms Feb-June; usually Mar-May in our area. May not bloom well in after milder winters. Flowers magenta, pea-shaped, very showy. May flower before or with new leaves. Pollinated by large solitary bees. Fruit is a large, conspicuous pea-type pod. Uses in the garden: Makes a nice large shrub or small tree for small yard or patio. Excellent showy specimen plant. Good on dry slopes and great on stream banks (can take seasonal flooding). Fine in lawns or as street tree. Handsome branch structure in winter. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Redbuds (Eastern Redbud) Attracts: Excellent habitat plant. Attracts butterflies and other pollinators. Hummingbirds use the nectar; provides cover and seeds for seed-eating birds. Requirements: Element Requirement Sun Full sun to part-shade; can even take hot, reflected sun Soil Any texture except poorly draining clays; takes any local pH, but probably happiest

    with slightly acidic (6.5) Water Zone 2 once established (about 3 yr), a bit more water in very hot gardens; can

    take seasonal flooding. Dont over water in summer as is subject to root-rot fungi. Fertilizer Light fertilizer or organic mulches fine. Other Management: Resents root disturbance; should be planted into permanent position as soon as possible. Prune when dormant to shape, remove dead branches. Can be coppiced to rejuvenate. Protect from rodents & deer with aviary-wire cages above and below ground. Propagation: from seed: hot water treat then soak 1 wk. semi-softwood cuttings/layering:summer Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 3, 5, 7-11, 13, 14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 26, 28 2/13/11 * Native to CA but not to Western L.A. Co. Project SOUND

  • *Monkeyflower savory Clinopodium mimuloides (kly-no-PO-dee-um mim-yoo-LO-i-dees)

    Family: Lamiaceae (Mint Family) Native to: Coastal CA from the San Francisco Bay to the San Gabriel Mtns.; moist places, stream banks, seeps, in chaparral and woodland habitats to 5500 ft. elevation. Growth characteristics: perennial/sub-shrub mature height: 1-3 ft. mature width: 2-4 ft. Herbaceous perennial becoming half-woody with time. Slender, hairy branches have a pleasant minty aroma. Evergreen with water; drought deciduous otherwise. Fast growing. Leaves simple with wavy or toothed margi