digital libraries, library buildings in digital era

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Digital library buildings

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<ul><li><p>LIBRARY BUILDINGS IN DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT</p><p>PARDEEP RATTAN</p><p>Librarian</p><p>Govt. College,SAS NAGAR,(Pb.)</p></li><li><p>PRESENTATION AGENDA</p><p>1. Introduction </p><p>2. Objective</p><p>3. Digital Library: What?</p><p>4. Digital Library Collection </p><p>5. Why revival of interest in library buildings?</p><p>6. Management of the project</p><p>7. Quality of design</p><p>8. Space planning and access</p><p>9. Recommendations </p><p>10. Conclusion </p></li><li><p>INTRODUCTION </p><p>Libraries are live organizations, so consideration of future needs- Future thinking- is very important. As the fifth law of library science given by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan (considered as Father of Library and Information Sciences in India) suggest Libraries are growing organisms, the libraries are facing the dual challenge of accommodating rapidly changing populations and keeping pace with information and communication technology (ICT). There arises the important question of how to organize and manage the ever growing size of collections varied in nature, the services the users, the staff etc. in a systematic manner and that too in a limited space. The answer to this question is DIGITAL LIBRARIES.</p></li><li><p>OBJECTIVE </p>The objective of this study is to know <p>a)What impact the new technology of ICT has left on our traditional libraries in terms of library buildings and collections and </p><p>b)How we should change our space requirements to accommodate the process of shifting from traditional library to digital collection keeping in mind the location, design, quality and quantity of collection and services that are to be provided.</p></li><li><p>DIGITAL LIBRARY (DL) </p><p>It is defined as a library consisting of a resources and services supported by specialized staff with an objective to select, structure, distribute and preserve collection of digital works to support the interest of a defined community of users.</p><p>Digital Academic Library (DAL) is not an alternative but real value additions for traditional library services. </p></li><li><p>DIGITAL LIBRARY COLLECTION </p><p>The collection in a DAL is available in digital form organized on computers and available over a network having following collections: </p><p> e publications</p><p> e journals</p><p> online databases</p><p> e theses</p><p> multimedia i.e. born digital</p><p> CDROMs etc.</p></li><li><p>WHY REVIVAL OF INTEREST IN LIBRARY BUILDINGS? </p><p>Factors leading to change in the design of 21st Century Library Buildings </p><p>Libraries to network</p><p>New information technology especially electronic data collection (Print to digital documents).</p><p>Greater community and educational role for libraries </p><p>Growth in life long learning and expansion in higher education.</p><p>User friendliness and customer care (ownership to access)</p><p>Merging media (listening to audiotapes or watching a video no longer needs separate areas) </p></li><li>21st Century Libraries: Design<p>UNESCO and IFLA list a series of design criteria and facilities to be considered for planning a new library- </p><p>The library collection: Books, Periodicals, sound recordings other non print and digital resources. </p><p>Reader seating space: Serious reading, leisure reading one to one tutoring. </p><p>Staff facilities: Workspace including PC workstations, rest space during breaks and meeting rooms.</p><p>Technology: Public access workstations, printers, CDROM stations, facilities for listening and recording. </p><p>Circulation: Both for public and staff</p><p>Mechanical services: Elevators, ventilation, heating, cooling, etc. </p></li><li><p>MANAGEMENT OF THE PROJECT </p>Balance of cost, quality and time <p>Time</p><p>Cost</p><p>Project</p><p>Quality</p><p>Cost</p><p>Impact</p><p>Time</p></li><li><p>DESIGN QUALITY </p><p>Access- site that encourages people to use the library is most important.</p><p>Location- satisfactory and acceptable to the population being served.</p><p>Solar and wind orientation- much of energy demand in buildings is for light and climate control. Natural light and ventilation.</p><p>Visibility- prominent position and have natural views </p><p>User and staff safety</p><p>Size for growth- ability to accommodate expanded library facilities, if required.</p><p>Cost factors- purchase and development costs</p></li><li><p>DESIGN OF THE BUILDING</p><p>First we shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us. Winston Churchill </p>Ten Qualities 1. Functional2. Adaptable3. Accessible4. Varied5. Interactive6. Conducive7. Environmentally suitable8. Safe and secure9. Efficient 10. Suitable for information technologySix deadly sins 1. Bad lighting 2. Inflexibility 3.Bad location 4. Complex maintenance 5. Insufficient work and storage space6.Bad security</li><li><p>ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS</p><p>Air-conditioning: A must</p><p>Use external light to increase daylight penetration </p><p>Provide solar shading and internal blinds</p><p>Readers tables in well lit areas</p><p>Employ mixed-mode ventilation systems </p><p>Maximize natural ventilation in public areas.</p><p>Impact of the climatic changes to be kept in mind</p></li><li><p>SECURITY AND SAFETY </p><p>Relates to fabric of the building: Earthquakes, lightening and other climatic hazards.</p><p>Safety of collections: theft, defacing, fire safety</p><p>Safety of library personnel and users</p><p>Policy of disaster management must be adhered to </p></li><li><p>SPACE PLANNING AND ACCESS </p><p>When good intentions meet bad planning library users pay the price</p><p>Woodward, 2007</p><p>Access to and loan of e books</p><p>Access to journals and other research materials</p><p>Access to internet</p><p>Electronic access to electronic journals and e books </p><p>Caf and refreshment area</p><p>Group study activity areas or rooms</p></li><li><p>RECOMMENDATIONS </p><p>For the libraries of the 21st centuries having digital collections and traditional services as well to work in tandem, the library buildings or the workspaces must be </p><p>Functional, adaptable, accessible and varied</p><p>Environmentally suitable, safe and secure </p><p>Suitable for information technology </p></li><li><p>CONCLUSION </p><p>The librarians have a greater responsibility themselves to have the proper mindset first so as to enforce the latest techniques of ICT in their routine work culture and to enable the library systems to stand tall against all odds. </p></li><li><p>QUOTATIONS </p><p>1.A library is not a luxury but one of the necessities of the life. </p><p>Henry Ward Beecher</p><p>2. When good intentions meet bad planning library users pay the price. </p><p>Woodward, 2007</p><p>3. A room without books is like a body without a soul.</p><p>Markus Tullius Cicero- Roman Politician </p><p>4. First we shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us.</p><p>Winston Churchhil, 24th Nov. 1951 </p></li></ul>