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Defence mechanism-a coping system to life.


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  • 2. INTRODUCTIONDefence Mechanism is a broad term, but popularlyknown as Ego Defence Mechanism which falls underpsychology.In Physiology, the defensive reaction of an organism,as against a pathogenic microorganism.In Psychology, an unconscious process, as denial, thatprotects an individual from acceptable or painful ideasor impulses.A Freudian term referring to an unconsciousavoidance of something that produces anxiety or someother unpleasant emotion. 2Cont.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Defence MechanismBodily Defence Mechanism Ego Defence Mechanism 3
  • 4. DEFENCE MECHANISMPhysiological Bodily Defence MechanismProtective response of the body against diseasePsychological Ego Defence MechanismUnconscious mental process to protect fromshame, anxiety, loss of self-esteem, conflict, orunacceptable feelings 4
  • 5. BODILY DEFENCE MECHANISM (Immunological Mechanism) Lymphocyte Cells A lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell in the vertebrate immune system, and play a major role in defending the body from both tumors and virally infected cells. They number about one trillion.Cont. 5
  • 6. BODILY DEFENCE MECHANISM (Immunological Mechanism) Reticuloendothelial System Reticuloendothelial system, mononuclear system, is involved in the acquisition of nutrients in the immune system, it is a major mechanism used to remove pathogens and cell debris, It engulfs and destroy bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances or abnormal body cells. These cells are derived from the bone marrow. They are mostly located in tissues such as the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, brain, and subcutaneous tissues.Cont. 6
  • 7. BODILY DEFENCE MECHANISM (Immunological Mechanism) Endocrine System The endocrine system is a complex network of glands and hormones that regulates many of the bodys functions, including growth, development and maturation, as well as the way various organs operate. The endocrine glands -- including the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, thymus, pancreas, ovaries, an d testes -- release carefully-measured amounts of hormones into the bloodstream that act as natural chemical messengers, traveling to different parts of the body in order to control and adjust many life functions.Cont. 7
  • 8. BODILY DEFENCE MECHANISM(Immunological Mechanism)Endocrine SystemThe system works in parallel with the nervous system tocontrol growth and maturation along with homeostasis. 8
  • 9. EGO DEFENCE MECHANISM Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) : Psychoanalytic Theory Ego defence mechanism is a constellation of related ideas by means of which the individual Maintains Enhances Defends himselfCont. 9
  • 10. EGO DEFENCE MECHANISMPsychoanalytic TheoryPersonality Structure (Id, Ego & Superego)Structure of PersonalityId: a selfish, childish, pleasure-oriented part of thepersonality with no ability to delay gratification.Superego: internalized societal and parentalstandards of "good" and "bad", "right" and "wrong"behaviour.Ego: the moderator between the id and superegowhich seeks compromises to pacify both. It can beviewed as our "sense of time and place", 10Cont.
  • 12. EGOS INVOLVEMENT IN FRUSTRATION Frustration refers to the state of the organism when the achievement of goal is blocked External: Internal: Physical Physiological Social PsychologicalCont. 12
  • 13. EGOS INVOLVEMENT IN FRUSTRATION Frustration sets barrier before the goal. Thus, Ego gets involved mediating between the individual and frustration 13
  • 14. DEFENCE MECHANISM Rationalization Where a person convinces him or herself that no wrong is done through rationalizing or making excuseCont. 14
  • 15. DEFENCE MECHANISM Projection Placing blame for own difficulties on othersCont. 15
  • 16. DEFENCE MECHANISM Compensation Covering up weakness by emphasizing desirable traitCont. 16
  • 17. DEFENCE MECHANISM Displacement Shifting aggressive impulses to a more acceptable or less threatening targetCont. 17
  • 18. DEFENCE MECHANISM Reaction Formation Behaviour that is completely the opposite of what one really wants or feelsCont. 18
  • 19. DEFENCE MECHANISM Sublimation Transformation of negative emotions or instincts into positive actions, behaviour or emotionCont. 19
  • 20. DEFENCE MECHANISM Isolation Withdrawal from situation, passivityCont. 20
  • 21. DEFENCE MECHANISM Denial Protects self from unpleasant reality by refusal to face it, often by escapist activitiesCont. 21
  • 22. DEFENCE MECHANISM Repression Preventing painful thoughts from entering consciousnessCont. 22
  • 23. DEFENCE MECHANISM Regression Temporary reversion to an earlier stage of developmentCont. 23
  • 24. DEFENCE MECHANISM Intellectualization A form of isolation; concentrating on the intellectual components of a situation so as to distance oneself from the associated anxiety-provoking situationCont. 24
  • 25. CONCLUSIONDefence mechanism, a completely different two systems thathelp individual keep balance in physic and mindPhysiologicalProtective response of the body against diseasePsychologicalUnconscious psychological strategies help cope with realityHealthy persons use different defences throughout lifeEgo Defense Mechanism becomes pathological only when itspersistent use leads to maladaptive behaviour 25
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