Agribusiness management

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<ol><li> 1. 1 AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT05/08/12 AEC &amp; RI, KUMULUR, TNAU - 621712 </li><li> 2. AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT2 Agriculture Business Management05/08/12 </li><li> 3. Agriculture3 Art of cultivating various categories of crops including animal husbandry, forestry, fishery and other related activities.05/08/12 </li><li> 4. Business4 An economic unit Aims to sell goods and services to customers At prices that will provide an adequate return to itsowners Commercialization of any enterprise 05/08/12 </li><li> 5. Management ?5A set of activities(planning &amp; decision making, organizing,leading /directing &amp; controlling)directed at an organizations resources(human, financial, physical, and information)with the aim of achieving organizational goalsin an efficient and effectivemanner. 05/08/12 </li><li> 6. Management6 Henri Fayol : Father of Modern Management F.W.Taylor : Father of Scientific Management05/08/12 </li><li> 7. AGRIBUSINESS7 Agribusiness as a concept was born in Harvard University in 1957. Book : A Conception of Agribusiness Authors: John H. Davis &amp; R.Goldberg.05/08/12 </li><li> 8. Traditional agriculture &amp; Technological revolution TR RetailingTechnological revolutionFWholesalingdisperses production andTR Processingmarketing functionsTransportation Production Farm supply TRFProductionTraditional agriculture is characteristicsby functionally self-contained farms Marketing8 05/08/12 </li><li> 9. AGRIBUSINESS Agribusiness is the sum total of all operations involved in the manufacture anddistribution of farm supplies; production activities on the farm; and the storage, processing and distribution of farmcommodities and items made from them.905/08/12 </li><li> 10. AGRIBUSINESS Agribusiness encompasses all of the agricultural sector and that portion of the industrial sector which contains the sources of farm supplies or the processors of farm products.1005/08/12 </li><li> 11. Agribusiness sector AgribusinessIndustrial sector = Agri + Industry with AgAgricultural sector1105/08/12 </li><li> 12. AGRIBUSINESS Agribusiness is defined as all business enterprises that buy from or sell to farmers. Transaction may involve either an input or a produce or service and Encompasses items such as:Productive resourcesAgricultural commoditiesFacilitative services12 05/08/12 </li><li> 13. AGRIBUSINESS Productive resourcesSeed,FertilizerPesticides,Equipment &amp; machineryEnergy,Feed, etc.1305/08/12 </li><li> 14. AGRIBUSINESS14 Agricultural commodities Raw &amp; processed commodities of food Eg. PaddyRice, Ricebran &amp; Ricebran oil05/08/12 </li><li> 15. AGRIBUSINESS15 Facilitative services Credit &amp; insurance, Storage, processing &amp; marketing, Transportation, Packing &amp; distribution, Consultancy05/08/12 </li><li> 16. Important Features of Agribusiness16 Agribusiness is a multifaceted point of view,complex vertical structure, largely depend andpartly independent. Successful decision making at firm level is the basisfor development in future. Viability of the an industry is traceable to theviability of the firms. Agribusiness is market oriented05/08/12 </li><li> 17. CONSUMERS RETAILERS Govt officersWHOLESALERS Managers Educators ResearchersPROCESSORSFARMERSFARM SUPPLIERS vertical structure &amp; coordinators of agribusiness1705/08/12 </li><li> 18. Viability of the firms18 Depends on Ability of the decision makers Behaviour of the structure itself 05/08/12 </li><li> 19. Major areas of Agribusiness19 Farm supplies Production Processing Marketing Research &amp; Extension Govt. Policies &amp; Programmes05/08/12 </li><li> 20. Scope for Agribusiness in India20 India is endowed with varied ago-climate(Facilitates production of temperate, sub- tropical and tropical agricultural commodities) Growing demand for agricultural inputs(Feed and fodder, inorganic fertilizers, bio-fertilizers) Biotechnology applications (Production of seed, bio-control agents, industrial harnessing of microbes for bakery products) 05/08/12 </li><li> 21. contdBiotechnology applications (Production of seed, bio-control agents, industrial harnessing of microbes for bakery products)In World trade, India has vast potential Cereals, pulses, oilseeds, Fruits, vegetables, flower, medicinal plants, Meat, and milk products, Agricultural advisory services21 05/08/12 </li><li> 22. contdScope for secondary and tertiary processing of agricultural commodities.Scope for production of marine and inland fish and ornamental fish culture.Scope for production of meat, milk and milk products, poultry products etc22 05/08/12 </li><li> 23. contdBeekeeping and apiaryMushroom production for domestic consumption and exportOrganic farming2305/08/12 </li><li> 24. contd Production and promotion of bio-pesticides and bio-control agents Seeds-hybrid and genetically modified crops Micro-irrigation systems and labor saving farm equipments24 05/08/12 </li><li> 25. contdProduction of vegetables and flowers (Export market)Trained human resources in agriculture and allied sciencesOpportunities for employment in marketing, credit, insurance and logistic support services.25 05/08/12 </li><li> 26. 26 05/08/12 </li><li> 27. Small Businesses27Importance Contributes 7% of the GDP. 32.25 lakhs small-scale industrial units / businesses Employment generation 177.30 lakh persons. Output of this sector is around Rs.5,78,470 crores. Export amounted to Rs.53, 975 crores. Contribute 40 % of gross turnover in manufacturing sector, 45% of the manufacturing exports and 35% of the totalexports. 05/08/12 </li><li> 28. Small Businesses28 Involves in Production Distribution Retailing Franchising Professional services Financial services 05/08/12 </li><li> 29. Objectives29 Service Profit Community participation Growth Subsidiaries 05/08/12 </li><li> 30. Characteristics30 Characterized by smallness Involves lesser capital Mostly one man venture They are highly diversified wide range of products Wide dispersal geographically 05/08/12 </li><li> 31. Types31 Small Scale Industry (SSI) Ancillary Industry Tiny Enterprises Export Oriented Units Women Enterprises Village &amp;Small Scale Industries 05/08/12 </li><li> 32. Advantages32 Less capital outlay but more employment generation Does not require sophisticated technology Facilitates decentralization and dispersal of business units They offer a wide range of choices to consumers Can serve specialized needs Utilizes the resources in full without wastage05/08/12 </li><li> 33. Disadvantages33 Inadequate management ability Inadequate finance Poor competitive position Uncertain business continuity 05/08/12 </li><li> 34. Stages of Growth34 First Stage Owner managed Second Stage Early Growth Third Stage Middle management Fourth Stage Multilayer Stage 05/08/12 </li><li> 35. First Stage One person operation Owner does all the activities Director-Founder- Owner - Manager - operatedWorker35 05/08/12 </li><li> 36. Second stage Separation of management and non-management functions Hired subordinates to do some of the manual and / or mental activities while owner manages the business Early GrowthOwner- ManagerWorkers3605/08/12 </li><li> 37. Third stageSeparation of ownership and management functionsOwner begins to relinquish the responsibilities for theday-to-day running of the business activities to aprofessional manager.Owner One Layer Middle Manager (s) Management Worker (s)3705/08/12 </li><li> 38. Fourth StageMulti-layer management Chairman Managing DirectorManager ManagerMangerProductionMarketingFinance3805/08/12 </li><li> 39. Thank you3905/08/12</li></ol>

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