Writing an Essay. Steps in Writing an Essay Brainstorming (Getting ideas) Outlining (Organizing ideas) Writing (Getting it down on paper) Revising (Making

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  • Writing an Essay

  • Steps in Writing an EssayBrainstorming (Getting ideas)

    Outlining (Organizing ideas)

    Writing (Getting it down on paper)

    Revising (Making corrections)

  • BrainstormingListingGets lots of ideas on paper quickly.

    ClusteringAllows you to begin organizing your ideas while listing

    Free writingPut pen to paper and start writing!

  • ListingGets lots of ideas on paper quickly.Note down every idea that comes into your headDont stop and consider each one just write!The more the better!

    Rank, organize and re-arrange your list:Divide into positive and negative aspectsCategorize your list (social, political, economic)Personal experience

  • Prompt: What are the most important impacts of the automobile on society? Listexpensesmogtraffic accidentscan be beautifulfun to drivetime spent commutingnoiseeconomic importanceconvenience

  • ClusteringBegin with a few central ideas.

    Draw a picture map or bubble map.

    Link each new idea as you think appropriate.

  • Prompt: What are the most important impacts of the automobile on society?










    artistic merit

    economic importance


  • Prompt: What are the most important impacts of the automobile on society?


    air pollution

    time spent commuting




    economic importance


    traffic accidents



  • Free writingNote down whatever thoughts come into your head, in narrative form.

    Keep writing until your ideas take shape.

    Tell your Inner Censor to shut up!Dont worry about grammar or spelling now.

    Experiment with phrases/sentences to use.

  • Prompt: What are the most important impacts of the automobile on society?Free writingImpacts of automobiles on society, well there are lots, theres the cost of ownership, fuel, insurance, and so on, theres traffic accidents, noise from engines, noise from alarms beeping, all the time you have to spend in your car if you commute to work but Im only thinking of the negative things lets see, theyre sure convenient, and they can be fun to drive, and some them are really quite beautiful, and can be collectors items, and building them sure provides a lot of jobs for people. But smogs a real downside . . .

  • Step 2: OutliningA chart or blueprint for the essay.

    Organizes the ideas you generated in Step 1.

    Provides supporting details.

    Uses Roman Numerals to list Main Ideas.

    Uses the alphabet to list supporting details.

  • Sample Outline:I.IntroductionII.SocialA.Economic importanceB.Traffic accidentsC.Air pollutionIII.PersonalA. Time spent commutingB. ConvenienceC.Hobby1. Recreational driving2. Collecting IV.Conclusion

  • Descriptive EssayTwo main objectives:to provide informationto present and explain the topic so the reader can easily understand it.NOT to argue a point or defend an opinion

    Describes an idea, process, or concept.

    Answers these questions:What is it ? What is it like ? What does it mean ? How does it work/happen ?

  • Recognizing Prompts for Descriptive Essays:Active verbs like consider, identify, describe, define, or analyze. Examples:What do you consider to be the qualities of a good student?

    Identify and describe the most interesting geographical feature of your country.

    Describe what, in your opinion, makes good art or literature.

    Define the important characteristics of a teacher.

  • Step 3: Write! Writing an IntroductionAn Introduction requires four parts:

    A Hook

    Background information

    Thesis Statement which clearly states your position

    A map of the main points your essay will discuss

  • Background information

    Provides enough information to introduce the topic.

    Not too much information!

    Tells the reader:why this topic is important;the meaning of any special terms used in the essay;what has motivated the writer to write about this topic.

  • The Thesis StatementTells the purpose of the essay.

    Makes clear your feelings, opinion or attitude about the topic.

    Should be expressed clearly, in a single sentence.

    The most important sentence in the entire essay!

  • The MapTells reader what to expect from essay.

    Lists main ideas, in the order they will discussed.

    Helps reader understand how essay is organized.

    Helps reader understand how description, argument, comparison, etc. will be constructed.

    Is either part of the Thesis Statement or in another sentence immediately after the ThSt

  • Body ParagraphsHeart of the essay

    One paragraph for each idea identified in the map

    Topic sentence of each paragraph refers back to map

    Minimum of one, max of ??

  • Step 3: Write! Writing the ConclusionFunction of the conclusion paragraph:Brings your writing to an end.Identifies the solution, resolution, or decision that is the logical outcome of the discussion in the body paragraph(s).Remember this about Conclusions:The logical message, lesson or decision expressed in the conclusion must agree with (confirm) your ThSt.The conclusion need not be long and must not introduce any new information.

  • Step 4: RevisionReview your work for errorsRead the essay aloudRead the essay backwardsDo a spell checkLook for your common mistakes