- Working with English Language Learners in the Classroom
Working with English Language Learners in the Classroom
Working with English Language Learners in the Classroom. Session #1 English Language Learners & ME. English Language Learners & Me. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Working with English Language Learners in the ClassroomSession #1English Language Learners & MEEnglish Language Learners & MeWelcome to the first session of our workshop about English Language Learners. Today we will be talking about the demographics of the state of Maine and how public school classrooms are being affected by those changes. English Language Learners & MeWelcome to the first session of our workshop about English Language Learners. Today we will be talking about the demographics of the state of Maine and how public school classrooms are being affected by those changes. TerminologyLEP Limited English ProficiencyESL English as a Second LanguageELL English Language LearnerELD English Language DevelopmentTOEFL Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTESOL Teaching English to Speakers of Other LanguagesEndorsementEndorsement Eligibility Pathway 2(a) Earned a bachelors degree from an accredited college or university, in accordance with Part I Section 4.4 of this rule;(b) Holds a valid Maine provisional or professional teaching certificate with a K-3, K-8, 5-8, 7-12, or K-12 endorsement;(c) Completed a minimum of 15 semester hours in English as a Second Language coursework;(d) Completed an approved course for Teaching Exceptional Students in the Regular Classroom;(e) Passed content area assessment in accordance with Me. Dept. of Ed. Reg. 013; and(f) Passed pedagogical knowledge and skills assessment at the appropriate grade level, in accordance with Me. Dept. of Ed. Reg. 013, or successful completion of an approved alternative professional studies program.Home Language SurveyTO THE PARENTS1. What language do you MOST OFTEN use when speaking to your child?EnglishFrench PassamaquoddyVietnameseArabic KhmerSpanish American Sign SomaliOther: (specify) ___________________________________2. What language did your child FIRST learn to speak? ___________________________________ 3. What language does your child MOST OFTEN use when speaking to brothers, sisters, and other children at home?___________________________________ 4. What language does your child MOST OFTEN use when speaking to you and other adults in the home? (grandparents, aunts, uncles, guests)___________________________________ 5. What language does your child MOST OFTEN use when speaking with friends or neighbors, OUTSIDE the home?___________________________________ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *TO THE TEACHER: (1) If you have observed this student use a language other than English, please indicate other language here:___________________________________________(2) Was the child's first language development interrupted at some point in time due to adoption, relocation of family or similar event that might suggest second language usage? ____Yes ___NoLAU PLANA Lau plan, named after the landmark Lau vs. Nichols U.S. Supreme Court Decision of 1974, is an equal access plan that protects English Language Learners (ELLs). The plan describes what a school district will do:to identify its ELLs, to design an effective program reflective of their needs, to employ appropriate English-as-a-second-language or bilingual personnel (or both), to align the instruction of ELLs to state and local content standards, and to provide ongoing authentic assessments to ascertain their growth in English language proficiency and in the comprehension of academic content. Standards for ELLMaine is a member of the WIDA (World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment) Consortium.We have adopted and use the WIDA Comprehensive ELP StandardsThere are five English Language Proficiency Standards.English Language Proficiency StandardsEnglish language learners communicate:- for Social and Instructional purposes within the school setting.information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Language arts.information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Mathematics.information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Science.information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies.Language DomainsListeningSpeakingReading WritingThe Continuum of Second Language Acquisition http://www.wida.us/standards/elp.aspxWIDA Resource GuideWIDA Standards also include Can Do descriptors which provide a good starting point for working with ELLS and for collaboration. The Standards Resource Guide offers examples of supports, topics and genres and other helpful tools.The goal is to help English Language Learnersand to do this you need to think about both content knowledge and language knowledge;you also need to consider the role that language plays in culture; andyou need to consider the needs of every student in your classroom.What defines Language?Language has structureLanguage is dynamicLanguage is complexStress, pitch, rhythm, and intonation can change language meaningLanguageWhat languages do you speak? How does your use of language change in your daily life?For example.Do you speak differently when you talk with your friends as compared to how you speak in class?Do you listen in a different way when you are in class?Do you read a novel and a textbook the same way?Do you write differently in an email as compared with other written communication?Culture and LanguageThink about it - language is connected to ones identity as an individual and as a member of a cultural group.There are many elements of culture - language is just one element. As an educator you need to understand the students and families in your classroom.Language Skills and the English Language LearnerBICS Basic Interpersonal Communication SkillsCALP Cognitive Academic Language ProficiencyHow do we use language?Language is used differently in different settings:Can you define social language?Can you define academic language?Social language vs. academic languageWhen using social, or informal, English in daily conversation, its possible to communicate by using slang and without using English in a grammatically correct wayYou can be understood without using:articlesprepositionssophisticated vocabularypronoun referenceWhat is academic language?Academic language is:the language used in the classroom and workplacethe language of textthe language assessmentsthe language of academic successthe language of powerNote: To see an extended introduction to academic language, look at chapters 4 and 5 of the Doing What Works Digital Workshop about Teaching Reading to English Language Learners. Why is academic language so important?Students who master academic language are more likely to:be successful in academic and professional settingsStudents who do not learn academic language may:struggle academically be at a higher risk of dropping out of schoolLanguage defines usHas anyone ever corrected your pronunciation of a word either directly or indirectly? How did that make you feel? How would it make you feel in front of a room full of peers? What can I do as an educatorWhat are some of the activities/strategies could you use to: increase comprehensibility, increase student interaction, and increase the complexity of student thinking on a topic? Supports for learningWhat sensory supports can you use?What graphic supports can you use?What interactive supports can you use?Upcoming sessionsThe role of the ESL teacher.Writing language objectives.Creating a language plan to compliment your lesson plan.