UNLOCKING DYSLEXIA. Dyslexia: A Hidden Disability. Dyslexia: A Hidden Disability. What is dyslexia? . DYS = TROUBLE. LEXIA = WORDS. TROUBLE WITH WORDS. NEUROLOGIC IN ORIGIN - GENETIC. LIFELONG – ENVIRONMENT MAY ALTER COURSE. CORE DEFICIT IN PHONOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF LANGUAGE. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
What is Dyslexia?
UNLOCKING DYSLEXIA Dyslexia: A Hidden Disability
Dyslexia: A Hidden Disability What is dyslexia? DYS = TROUBLELEXIA = WORDSTROUBLE WITH WORDS NEUROLOGIC IN ORIGIN - GENETIC LIFELONG ENVIRONMENT MAY ALTER COURSE CORE DEFICIT IN PHONOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF LANGUAGE READING COMPREHENSION > WORD READING ACCOMPANYING CHALLENGES ( 50% )ADHD SENSORY MOTOR DIFFICULTY BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMSMORE CHALLENGING TO REMEDIATE3IDA.NICHHD - GETTING A CLEARER PICTURE, ZOOMING IN INCREASED UNDERSTANDINGWHAT TO REMEDIATE?IF YOU DONT KNOW THE CAUSE YOU GET INSTRUCTIONAL PARADIGMS BUILT ON FAULTY ASSUMPTIONS. G. Reid Lyon, Ph.D.
PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS THE UNDERSTANDING THAT WORDS ARE MADE UP OF SMALL BITS OF SOUND PHONOLOGICAL SENSITIVITY INNATE IN A TYPICAL BRAIN RECEIVING APPROPRIATE LANGUAGE INPUT
Do the words cat and fat sound the same at the end?What is the first sound in the word man?Torgesen, www.fcrr.org
What fires together, wires together!
How does dyslexia affect reading?
AUDITORY / SOUNDING OUTVISUAL / SIGHT WORDSLANGUAGE /VOCABULARYGRAMMAR
COMPREHENSIONFLUENCY3 LEGGEDSTOOLNORMAL READERAUDITORY / SOUNDING OUTVISUAL / SIGHT WORDSLANGUAGE /VOCABULARYGRAMMAR
COMPREHENSIONFLUENCY3 LEGGEDSTOOLAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTAUDITORY /SOUNDING OUTDYSLEXIAWhat does it feel like to have dyslexia in reading?
When I look at letters and words, my eyes tell me one thing and my brain tells me another. Bailey Hart, Meridian 4th graderWhat does it feel like to be dyslexic in writing?writing simulation
writing simulation - MYP
Characteristics of Dyslexia
Myth #1:The defining characteristic of dyslexia is letter reversals.
More Dyslexia MythsThere is no such thing.It is rare.Many children outgrow it.It cannot be diagnosed.It cannot be diagnosed before age 8.You must reverse letters to be dyslexic.It occurs only in English-speaking countries.Gifted students cannot be dyslexic.CharacteristicsRawson Saunders website
WHAT IT ISNT DYSLEXIA IS NOT A VISUAL PROBLEM NOT A LACK OF INTELLIGENCE NOT DUE TO LACK OF EFFORT NOT RESPONSIVE TO STANDARD READING INSTRUCTION NOT UNCOMMON 5 17.5 % OF POPULATION NOT A DEVELOPMENTAL LAG
Can Dyslexia be treated?While there is no cure for dyslexia, specific teaching techniques and remediation have been proven to greatly reduce the difficulties associated with dyslexia.
Early intervention Multisensory Instruction Careful pacing of instruction Immediate feedback Explicit, systematic instruction Dyslexia Handbook 2007, 2010Accomodations
Common Accommodations for Dyslexia
Shortened assignments No penalizing for spelling errors Extended time Dyslexia Handbook 2007, 2010A student with dyslexia may require accommodations in the classroom setting. The most common and needed accommodations are:
Can the child segment words into syllables, syllables into sounds?Can the child manipulate sounds?
Dyslexia Handbook 2007, 2010Can the child identify sounds in sequence? Can the child associate a sound with a letter?WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?An island of weakness in a sea of strengths.
THE PICTURE OF DYSLEXIA(All Symptoms Do Not Occur With Everyone)STRENGTHSLEADERSHIP SKILLSTHINKING OUT OF THE BOX
JFKPATTONCHURCHILLPOLITICAL &MILITARYTED TURNERTHOMAS EDISON(PHONOGRAPH)ENTREPRENEURSSCIENTISTS& INVENTORS23HANS CHRISTIANANDERSENLEONARDODa VINCIHARRISON FORD &STEVEN SPEILBERGTHE PICTURE OF DYSLEXIA(All Symptoms Do Not Occur With Everyone)STRENGTHSCREATIVITYWRITERSARTISTSMUSICIANSACTORS / DIRECTORS
MOZART24THE PICTURE OF DYSLEXIA(All Symptoms Do Not Occur With Everyone)STRENGTHSVISUOSPATIAL / MOTOR SKILLSSURGEONSATHLETES
NEUROSURGERYMOHAMMAD ALINOLAN RYAN25ResourcesYale.eduwebsite http://dyslexia.yale.edu/?gclid=CLbxjJPPqLYCFUqnPAodhWgA1ARawson Saunders website http://www.rawsonsaunders.org/International Dyslexia Association website http://www.interdys.org/Dyslexiahandbook http://www.region10.org/dyslexia/Documents/DyslexiaHandbook11-10-2010.pdf