Universal Basic Income, Jobs and in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & more State bill in Hawaii to examine…

  • Published on
    06-May-2019

  • View
    212

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

Universal Basic Income, Jobs and Politics

Marinescu

OECD, January 2018

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 1 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compact

Hillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposal

French presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposal

Experiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & more

State bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBI

I was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Introduction

Universal basic income

Universal basic income (UBI): unconditional cash transfer to everyonein a geographic/political territory, on a regular/long-term basis

Renewed interest in UBI:

Barack Obama: given advances in artificial intelligence, many jobs willdisappear, and yet we will get wealthier. Universal basic income shouldbe considered as part of new social compactHillary Clinton considered Alaska-style UBI as a campaign proposalFrench presidential candidate Benot Hamon (mainstream left): UBIwas a key campaign proposalExperiments in Finland & Canada (Ontario), & moreState bill in Hawaii to examine UBII was invited to testify about UBI at the House of PennsylvaniaDemocratic Policy Committee on November 29 2017.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 2 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Outline

1 Marinescu (2017): review of literature

2 Jones & Marinescu (2017): overview

3 Institutional context

4 Data and econometric specification

5 Employment and labor force participation

6 Part-time work and hours

7 Robustness & discussion

8 Marinescu and Shor, 2018: politics of UBI

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 3 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers and educational outcomes

Negative Income Tax Experiments in the US and Canada in the 1970s

Eastern Band of Cherokees in North Carolina, rural area. Casinoopened and started distributing the income to all tribal members in1997 (about 40006000 a year).Educational outcomes improved

Largest effects among poorest children.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 4 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers and educational outcomes

Negative Income Tax Experiments in the US and Canada in the 1970s

Eastern Band of Cherokees in North Carolina, rural area. Casinoopened and started distributing the income to all tribal members in1997 (about 40006000 a year).

Educational outcomes improved

Largest effects among poorest children.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 4 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers and educational outcomes

Negative Income Tax Experiments in the US and Canada in the 1970s

Eastern Band of Cherokees in North Carolina, rural area. Casinoopened and started distributing the income to all tribal members in1997 (about 40006000 a year).Educational outcomes improved

Largest effects among poorest children.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 4 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers and educational outcomes

Negative Income Tax Experiments in the US and Canada in the 1970s

Eastern Band of Cherokees in North Carolina, rural area. Casinoopened and started distributing the income to all tribal members in1997 (about 40006000 a year).Educational outcomes improved

Largest effects among poorest children.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 4 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers, health, and crime

Canadian Mincome experiment shows positive effect on health.

Eastern Band of Cherokees casino payments:

Mental health improvedSubstance abuse declined.Crime decreased.

Marinescu Universal Basic Income OECD, January 2018 5 / 4

Marinescu (2017): review of literature

Unconditional cash transfers, health, and crime

Canadian Mincome experiment shows positive effect on health.

Eastern B