of 20 /20
THE FA UEFA B TECHNICAL GUIDELINES 5533/11 FA Learning Wembley Stadium, Wembley, London HA9 0WS Postal Address: FA Learning Wembley Stadium, PO Box 1966, London SW1P 9EQ Telephone: 0870 850 0424 Email: [email protected] Visit: TheFA.com/FALearning Coaching FA Learning Hotline: 0870 850 0424

UEFA B Technical Guidelines

Embed Size (px)


UEFA B Technical Guidelines

Text of UEFA B Technical Guidelines

Page 1: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

1 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines



FA LearningWembley Stadium, Wembley,London HA9 0WS

Postal Address:FA LearningWembley Stadium, PO Box 1966,London SW1P 9EQ

Telephone:0870 850 0424

Email:[email protected]



FA Learning Hotline: 0870 850 0424

Page 2: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

3FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines

RECommEndEd sTudEnT CoACHing sEssions 5small-sided game 5 in a 7v7 or 8v8 small sided game 5Phase of play 5 Attacking 5defending 5Advanced technical practice 6Wave practice 6Functional practice 6Pattern drills 6coach a team 6

ExAmPLE CoACHing sEssionsPrinciples of attacking play 7Passing control 1 - Advanced technical practice 8Passing and control 2 9Wave: Passing and control on the move 10Retain possession (squad session)passing, support, movement 11Passing and receiving priorities(s.s.G. 8 vs. 8) 121. Receiving skills and protecting the ball 132. Receiving skills and protecting the ball 14Running with the ball skill practice 15Running with the ball - squad practice 16Playing out from the back - Phase 1 17

Playing out from the back - Phase 2 18Principles of defending play 19Pressing - skill practice 20sliding and screening 21defending in wide areas:Functional practice 22defend deep to counter attack(s.s.G 8 vs. 8) 23Function: Winger to receive and cross 24crossing and finishing (skill) 25Attacking in wide areas (squad) 26Phase: Wingers when forced inside 27defending when outnumbered -skill practice 28defending when outnumbered -squad practice 29defending when outnumbered(Phase of play) 30central midfield - Receive and distribute 31central midfield - Receive and distribute(skill practice) 32central midfield play - (s.s.G 8 vs. 8) 33Advanced technical practice:Forwards movement and finishing 34strikers movement/finishing(individual combined movement) -squad 35skill practice: counter attacking -Winning the ball back 36counter - Attack - Phase of play 3711 vs. 11 38

KEyGK - Goalkeeper

MF - Midfielder

ssG - small sided game

cB - centre back

RW - Right wing

d - defender

RB - Right back

FB - Full back

A - Attacker

Player movement without the ball

Player running with the ball

Ball movement


Let’s raise the standards in our game. its time to recognise that coaches need the same training, support and qualifications as any other credible profession. launching in August 2011, The FA licensed coaches club will help coaches to keep their knowledge up to date. You will get access to exclusive coaching insights, discounts on courses and a whole lot more. Register your interest now by contacting [email protected]

For more information call 0870 850 0424

or visit TheFA.com/


Page 3: UEFA B Technical Guidelines


Technical Guidelines

Advanced technical practiceCoach: -- a central midfield player to distribute the

ball over long distances.- a central midfield player to pass off his

front foot over a variety of distances.- a full back to control and pass the ball in

the air.- a full back to cross the ball “off the run”.- a central back to receive from a

goalkeepers throw and run with the ball.- a winger to control and combine his play

with others to produce a cross.- a winger to drive infield with the ball

and shoot.- a striker to control and turn to strike

at goal.- a striker to combine play with others to

produce a strike at goal.- a striker to move into goal scoring

positions and strike at goal from crosses.

Wave practiceCoach: -- crossing and finishing.- passing and movement.- combination play to produce strikes at

goal from strikers.- overlapping play to produce crosses.- “switching the play”.- quick forward passing and movement.- goal scoring from low crosses.- passing and controlling the ball at speed.- forward runs into goal-scoring positions.- wall-passes and movement at speed.

Functional practiceCoach: -- a full-back to defend in wide positions in

the defending half of the field.

- a full-back to receive and cross the ball in the attacking half of the field.

- a centre-back to defend against strikers who receive the ball to feet and lay the ball off to other players before moving to to a goal scoring position.

- two centre-backs to defend against two strikers who display clever movement.

- a winger to attack and dribble past a full-back to produce crosses.

- a winger to position themselves to receive the ball in a flank position.

- a winger to attack a full-back on gaining possession of the ball.

- a striker to play against a tight-marking centre-back.

- a striker to move into goal-scoring positions when the ball is being crossed.

- a midfield player to move into a goal scoring position in the penalty box.

- a midfield player to use wall-passes in order to move into goal-scoring positions around the penalty box.

- two midfield players to combine their play to create space to shoot at goal.

- a midfield player to run with the ball and create a goal-scoring opportunity for himself or others.

- a striker to play with his back to goal in and around the penalty area.

- two strikers to combine their play to create a goal-scoring opportunity.

- two midfield players how to defend against opponents who use clever movement and interplay around the penalty box.

Pattern drillsCoach a team: -- to build attacks from a

goalkeepers possession.

- to improve understanding of combined movement in flank positions.

- to improve understanding of central movement in build up play.

- to develop build up play through central strikers.

- to develop central midfield players ability to break forward beyond forward players.

- to develop understanding of interchanges of play between forward and midfield players.

- to use full-backs and central defenders when attacking.

- to attack down the flanks and produce crosses.

Coach: -- wingers and full-backs to combine their

play in flank positions.

- midfield players to break forward into goal-scoring positions when the ball is in flank positions.

- strikers to interchange positions with other attacking players to produce strikes at goal.

- overlapping play in flank and central areas.

- combination play in central attacking areas.

- crossing and finishing.

- movement in wide areas to produce crosses.

- central attacking movement to produce strikes at goal.

small-sided gamesin a 7 v 7 or 8 v 8 small sided game.Coach: - - a team when and when not to pass the

ball forward.- a team to improve its understanding of

support play and movement.- a team to establish width to attack from

the flanks.- a team when to use individual and

combined clever play when attacking.- a team to attack quickly on gaining

possession of the ball.- a team to use combination play (wall-

passes, overlaps etc.) when attacking.- a team to improve its passing choices

and deliveries when attacking.- a team to spread out and utilise space

when attacking.- a team when to risk and when to retain

possession of the ball.- a team when and when not to play

quickly when in possession of the ball.- a team to retain possession in

a congested area and attack when appropriate.

- a team to defend early when appropriate.

- a team to defend against counter-attacks.

- a team to show opponents ‘in-field’ when they have possession.

- a team to pass, mark and cover as appropriate.

- a team to be compact when defending.- a team to defend against combination

play in the defending half of the field.- a team to ‘man - mark’ opponents.- a team to defend against opponents’

movement in the defending half of the field.

- a team to prevent opponents playing through midfield when in possession of the ball.

Phase of playCoach: - Attacking- a team to play from the back, from a

goalkeeper’s possession.- a team to attack quickly on

gaining possession.- support play and movement in the

attacking half of the field.- a team to attack down the flanks.- full backs and wingers to attack down

the flanks.- a team to attack using wall-passes and

combination play in the attacking half of the field.

- a team to ‘change the play / switch the play’ to advantage.

- a team to produce and score from crosses.

- a team to use long passes when attacking.

- clever movement from attacking players in the attacking half of the field.

- a team to attack centrally and quickly on gaining possession of the ball.

- midfield players to move into goal-scoring positions.

- strikers when and how to combine their play to create scoring opportunities.

- defenders to move forward and join in attacking play.

- a team to attack quickly from a goalkeepers possession.

- a team when and when not to attack quickly.

Coach: - defending- a team to defend early on losing

possession of the ball.- a team to defend in its own half of

the field.- a team to defend from crosses.- a team to defend when outnumbered in

the defending half of the field.- a team to defend against

counter attacks.- a team how to mark, cover and press

when defending.- a goalkeeper and back 4 to defend

from crosses.- a team to ‘show’ opponents infield when

defending on the flanks.- a team to press whenever appropriate in

the defending half of the field.

Recommended student coaching sessions

Page 4: UEFA B Technical Guidelines


Technical Guidelines

12 y


30 yds

10 yds10 yds

12 y




10 yds

Key coaching factors

• Qualityofdiagonalandverticalpasses–speed, accuracy, trajectory.

• Qualityofreceivingtouch.

• Encouragementofvarietyofpassingandreceivingsurfaces.

• Recognisingwhentochangetheangleof1sttouchanddirectionof pass.

• Timingofmovementby“end”playerstoreceivetheball.

Practice organisation

• Adjacentareasof10ydsx12ydsmaximum.

• 4playersforeacharea,1oneachcorner.

• Passforwardonanglesonlyfrombacktofront.

• Onreceivingadiagonalbackpass–changetheplayto other area.

• Playerscaninterchangefromsidetosideorfronttobackrelevant to and concurrent with appropriate movements of the ball.

Key coaching factors

Team in Possession

• “Dispersal”(spreadingout–creatingspace).

• “SupportPlayandMovement”tocreatepassingoptions.

• “Penetration”asaprincipleandprioritywherepossible, but with accuracy.

• Width–distancebetweenopponentsandself.

• IndividualsandCombinedCreativity(Improvisation).

Practice organisation

• 8v8–differentorsimilarteamorganisation,includingGK’s.

• Areaof65x45yardswide(adjustableaccordingtoneeds).

• Coachoneteam,onetheme.

• Footballsaroundthepitchandtosideofgoals.

• Normalrulesofthegameapply.

• Offsideruleapplies–accordingtocoach’swishes.45 yds


65 yds


Principles of attacking playPassing and control 1 - Advanced technical practice

Page 5: UEFA B Technical Guidelines


Technical Guidelines


MF ZoneB A

40 - 60 yds


25 - 35 yds





10 - 15 yds



3. Mannequins as static interference.4. Progress to a number of defenders e.g. 2, 3, 4.

Key coaching factors

• Awarenessofownreceivingsituationandlocationofothersupport players.

• Qualityoffirsttouch: - To control. - To release the pass.• Speed–accuracyofpasses: - 1 touch, 2 touches etc. - Which player? - Where: feet and space?• Supportandmovementafterreleasingthepass.• Passinginstride.

Key coaching factors

• Distancesandanglesofsupportfromplayerinpossession.

• Awarenessofpositionsofotherplayersaheadandaround ball holder.

• Qualityofdeliveryofpasses:

- Varied distances.

- Varied skills.

- Accuracy, speed, trajectory.

• Supportroleafterreleaseofpasses.

• Progresstheplaywithaccuracy,speedandpassestospace.

Practice organisation

• Fullwidth,½way+15ydstoline.

• GK,back4,midfield2.

• Worktoline,returntoGKtoserve.

• DropinandreceivefromtheGK.

• Repeat.• Mannequinsmaybeusedtochallengetechincalcompetence

and decision-making.

Practice organisation

• Team1startsintheMFzone.• 1playerdropsintoendzoneAtoreceivefromGK.• Allplayersmusttouchballbeforeashotatgoal.• Workvariouspassing/movementpatterns.• Repeatfromoppositeendwithteam2etc.• Offsidelinesapplicableevenwithoutoppositionieplayer

cannotbeintheendzoneinadvanceoftheballandreceive a forward pass.

• Attackalternateends.• Increasecomplexityofpassingandreceivingonthemoveby

adding conditions e.g. 1. Time to complete.2. number of touches on the ball.

Passing and control 2 Wave: Passing and control on the move

Page 6: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

10 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 11FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

50 yds

GK 2

70 yds

GK 1GK 2

70 yds

GK 1



Practice organisation

• Areaof70ydsx50yds.• Twoteamsof8v8includingtheGKs.• StartingPositions: - Free play. -OverheadpassfromoppositionintoGK/Defender. - interception.• Twoteamsofequalnumber–differentformations?• Footballsdistributedaroundpitchandbesidegoal.• Offsidedoesapplyaccordingtothecoach’swish.

Key coaching factors

dispersal on regaining possession • Goodfirsttouch–how,where,why?

• Observation–passoptions–forward,sideways,back?• Qualityofpass–weight,accuracy,feet/space?• Movementtoreceivetheball–where,when?• Touchontheball–takeonthemove,standstill,

forward movement?• Supportfortheplayerreceivingtheball–where,when?• Optionsfortheplayerwiththeball–turn,dribble,shoot?• Compactness–playersstayintouch,GKposition?• Supportandmovementpositions.• Awarenessandactionselection–how?• Receivingskills–decision,disguise,direction,distance.• Passselection–who,where,when,how,why?

Practice organisation

• Areaof70ydsx50yds.

• Footballsaroundpitchandbesidethegoal.

• BeginthesessionwithGK1.

• Alltheplayersinonehalfofthepitch-8redv6blue.

• Advanceintotheotherhalfofthepitchthrough retaining possession.

• Allplayerstransferintotheemptyhalfofthepitchinitiatedthrough attacking teams’ forward runs/pass.

• PasstothehandsofGK2tofinishtheattack.

• RepeatintheotherdirectiontoGK1.

Key coaching factors

• Positioningtoreceive:

- support.

- Movement.

• Awareness,decision-makingonreceivingball.

• Receivingskills:DDDD!Decision,direction,distance,disguise.

• Passing–decision,delivery:who,where,when,how,why.

• Supportforreceiver.

• Movement,interchangestocreatepassoutlets.

Retain possession (squad session)passing, support, movement Passing and receiving priorities (s.s.G 8 vs. 8)

Page 7: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

12 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 13FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

40 yds



50 y


40 yds

50 yds


Practice organisation

• Pitchof50ydsx40yds.

• Gameof7vs.7.EachteamplayswithaGKanda“sweeper” type player.

• “Sweeper”hasamaximumof3touchesineachpossession(sweeper’s possession).

• Teamsmarkman-for-manduringfreeplay.

• Eachteamplaystoscore.

Key coaching factors

• Man-markingdistancesandresponsibilities.

• Sweeperroleandpositioning.

Receiving skills

a. Positioning to receive the ball.

b. Awareness of position of marker.

c. Assessment of incoming pass.

d. decision on controlling touch:

- Touch into space.

- Touch ball away from opponent.

-Securepossessionby“screening”theball–interposingthebody between opponent and the ball.

- Turning with ball etc.

• ProtectingtheBall.

a. Awareness of opponent’s position.

b. Balance and body strength.

c. Escaping the tight-marking.

Practice organisation

• Teamsof6v6/7v7and2neutralplayers.

• Areaof50x40yards.

• Suppplyoffootballaroundthepitch.

• 2targetplayersateachendwithamaximumof3touches per possession.

• Teaminpossessioninclude2neutralplayersinattemptingtopass the ball to a target player behind the end line.

• Ifsuccessful,targetplayerreturnstheballtothesameteamtoattack in the other direction.

• Ongainingpossessionfromtheopponent,ateamcanpasstoany target before then attacking in the other direction.

• Throw-instakenforballleavingthepitch.

Key coaching factors

• Positioningtoreceiveapass.

• Awarenessofcircumstancesbeforeandonarrivalofthepass.

• Bodyandfeetpositionforeaseofcontrol–earlyorlate!

• Decision-makingonreceivingthepass.

• Qualityandrequirementsoffirstcontrollingtouch.

• Actionafterthecontrollingtouch.

1. Receiving skills and protecting the ball 2. Receiving skills and protecting the ball

Page 8: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

14 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 15FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

44 yds


50 yds

20 yds

15 yds

10 yds 20 yds

4 v 2 3 v 21 v 1

10 yds

10 yds

10 yds 10 yds

3 v 1 2 v 1

Practice organisation

• Areaof50yardsx44yards.

• Footballsaroundpitchandbesidethegoal.

• Twoteamsof5playersinthedefendinghalfand3playersintheattacking half.

• 1ofthe5playersatappropriatetimerunswiththeballintoopposition half.

• 1oftheother5playersmayalsomoveforwardtojointheattacktoproduceastrikeongoal–i.e.5v5.

• Ontakingpossession,thedefendingteamcannowcounter-attack, possibly by running the ball.

Key coaching factors

• Recognisetheopportunitytorunwiththeball.

• Qualityofthefirsttouchwhenmovingontoorwiththeball.

• Qualityofthetoucheswhenrunningwiththeball.

• Observationofplayaheadwhenrunningwiththeball.

• Decision-makingandqualityofactiononreleasingorstriking the ball at goal.

Practice organisation 1

• Areaof30yards(3x10yards)x10yards.

• 3attackersinoneareaplay3v1againstadefender.

• Whenappropriate,oneattackerrunswiththeballintothemiddlezoneand:

1. Release a pass to one of the other attackers and follow the pass to make 3 v 1.

2. Continuetorunwiththeballfromthecentrezoneandreleasetoone of the other 2 attackers, to make 3 v 1.

• Repeatintheotherdirection.

Key coaching factors

• Supportpositionstoreceive.

• Awarenessofspaceavailable.

• Qualityoffirsttouchonballinordertorundecisively.

• Strengthoftouchintospace.Headupascarryingtheball.

• Timingandaccuracyofreleaseofpasses.

Practice organisation 2

• Areaof50yards(20,10,20widezones)x15yards.• 4v2–1v1–3v2practice.


• Asfor3vs.1practice:

• Onapproachingcentregrid.


• Continuetorunwithball.

• CombineplaywithX.

• ReleaseXtocarryballintoendgridandsupply.

• X(onendline)withballs.

Key coaching factors

• Onapproachingcentrezone.- decision:• Continuetorunwiththeball.• Combineplaywiththeattackermarkedbyadefender

inthecentrezone.• Releaseattackertocarrytheballintotheendzoneandsupply

an attacker on the end line with a pass.

Running with the ball skill practice Running with the ball - squad practice

Page 9: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

16 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 17FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines


Technical - Tactical detail

• Fullbackspullwide/standstill?

• CB’smovetotheedgeofthepenaltyareaandsplit.

• GKdeliverstheballtothebestoption.

• Fullbacksadvanceforward–howfar?

• MF–oneshort/long,2wide?

• WideMF–pushhigh.

• Striker–highstartingposition–why?

Practice organisation

• 2thirdsofthepitch.

• 10attackers,includinggoalkeepers,and8defenders.

• GK–4–4–1v2–3–3.

• Attackingteamattempttoscorethrougheitherofthesmall goals on the edge of the attacking third.

Key coaching factors

• Dispersalofteam–who,where,why,howwhen?

• GK–decision,delivery,support.

• Receiver–awareness,decision(release,retain,run), 1st touch.

• Movement(ifneeded)tocreateattackingoutlets:

- Pass receiver.

- Pass rates.

• Developments–changeplay,acrossback,acrossmidfield.

• Supportandsecurityasteamadvancesplay.

Playing out from the back - Phase 1 Playing out from the back - Phase 2

Page 10: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

18 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 19FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

Full width of pitch



5 yds

5 yd


5 yds

5 yd


T1 T25 yds


65 yds

45 yds

Practice organisation

• Areaasappropriate.

• 2xtargetplayersintargetareas.5yardsinfromendlinetobox(5 yards x 5 yards).

• Teamsplay1directiononly.OnreachingT1,theythendefendasother team attacks other target player.

• T1rollstootherteamwhotrytopasstoT2.

• Oppositiontrytopressballandpreventforward passing opportunities.

Key coaching factors

• Startpositions.

• Travelling/speed,angles,distances.

• Preventforwardpassingopportunities.

• Controlandrestraintwhenpressing.

• Angles/distancesofsupport.

• Appropriatecompactnessbetweenindividuals/units/team.

• Receivingasappropriate.

Practice organisation

• 7vs.7(incGK).

• 65yardsx45yards.

• Footballsaroundpitchandbesidethegoal.

• Coachoneteam–1theme.

• Offsideruleappliesaccordingtocoacheswishes.

Key coaching factors


• Pressureontheball–why,when,where,how?

• Givingground–why,when,where,how?

• Pressure,cover,marking.


• Distances–betweenplayers,units,fromgoal,fromball.

• Relationships–angles,coveretc.

• Movement–asadefendingteam.


• Protectingthespacebehindthebackline–how?

• Distancefromgoal,ofbackline.


• Supporting.

• Defensivesymmetry–markingopponents,marking/occupyingsignificant spaces at right time.


• Personaldefensivediscipline–decision-making,defensiveactions, control of thoughts and actions.

Principles of defending play Pressing - skill practice

Page 11: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

20 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 21FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines



40 yds

60 yds

50 y


70 yds


Practice organisation

starting Positions:

- Reds have the ball.


- lose possession/free play. Blues attempt to score past GK.

• Areaof40x60yardsasillustrated.

• GK–3–3–1vs.2–3–2.

• Defendonthehalfwayline.

• Defendinfinal1/3.

• Redsonregainingpossession-deliverballintogoalbehindendline (as illustrated).

Key coaching factors

• Pressingtheball-

- When? Why? How?

• Supportingthepress-

- Marking spaces.

- Marking opponents.

- Who? How?

• Trackingandmarkingopponents.

• Defendingresponsibilitiesin/aroundthepenaltybox.

Practice organisation

• 8vs.8games(includingGKs).

• Areaof70x50yards.

• Oneteam–onetheme.

• Offsiderulesapply.

• Footballsaroundpitchandbesidethegoals.

Key coaching factors


• When?Why?How?


• When?Why?

• Recoverytodefensiveorganisation.


• 1stdefendingline.

• Teammovementinresponsetoopponent’sballmovement.

• Distancesandrelationshipsbetweendefenders.

• Readingopponentsintentions.

• Preventingpenetrativepasseswhenunabletopresstheball.

• Directingopponentsplayintochosenareas.

• Securingthespacebehindandaheadofthebackline.

sliding and screening defending in wide areas: Functional practice

Page 12: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

22 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 23FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines


15 yds

40 y




MF 2

MF 1



70 yds50


Practice organisation

• 7attackersvs.8defenders(inc.GK).

• Length–halfway+15yards.-width40ydsapprox.

• Targetareafordefenderstoattack–scorewithballunder control in area.

• Normaloffsiderulesapply.

• StartwithMF1whorunstheballacrosspitchtowardsMF2–cross over and switch to RW.


• Worksituationsforflowofgame–overload, clever/combination play.

Key coaching factors


• Movementstoreceiveasrequired.

• Selectionandqualityofpasstothewinger/wideforward.

• Receivingskills.

• Eliminatedefenders–aloneorincombinedplay.

• Crossselection/execution.

• Movementstoattackcross/supportplay/secure.

Practice organisation

starting Positions:

1. GK possession.

2. interception from defenders.

3. Free play.

• Areaof70x50yards.

• GK–3–3–1vs.GK–2–3–2.

Key coaching factors

• Recoverpossessionearlyifpossible. if not then drop deeper.

• 1stdefendingline–where?

• Securespacebehindbackline.

• Pressureapplied–Where?When?How?

- Regain possession from:

- Pressing.

- challenging.

- intercepting.

• Earlyandquickattackingfrom:Regainofpossessionby:–

- Early pass release.

- Running with the ball.

- Presence of support ahead/around ball.

• Strikeatgoalfromthecounterattack.

• Securityascounterattacktakesplace.

defend deep to counter attack (s.s.G 8 vs. 8) Function: Winger to receive and cross

Page 13: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

24 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 25FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

50 yds



60 yds

10 yds10 yds









50 yds

50 yds

Practice organisation

• Area60yardslongx50yardswide.

• Crossingchannel–60yardsx10yards.

• 22players.

• 4pairsofattackers/defenders.

• 4neutralwideplayers.

• 4midfieldplayers(2foreachteam).

• 2defenders(areineachchannel)and2restingdefenders(change after 90 seconds work).

• 2goalkeepers.

• GKsuppliesMF(unopposed)tostartpractice.MFfeedsballtoany neutral wide player.

- d’s react to service to wide player. Wide player produces crosses from crossing channel.

• 1MFalongwithtwoattackersattacksthecrossinto goal-scoring areas.

Key coaching factors

• Wideplayers:

- Available to receive passes.

- Aware of reactions of defender in channel.

- Overlap/under lap/wall passes to producecrossing opportunities.

• Deliveryofthecross:

- Observe circumstance in scoring areas.

- choice of delivery for cross.

- delivery quality.

• crossearly–how,where?

• crosslater–how,where?


- Wide player may attack infield with the ball to produce shorter distance crosses and passes/strikes at goal.

- Far side red moves into goal-scoring areas.Practice organisation

• Area50yardslongx50yardswide.

• Footballsatstartingpointofthepractice,withred1andblue1.

• 2GK’s,4defenders,outfieldplayers.

• Acrossingchannel(earlypartofpractice).

• Defendersstart20yardsfromgoal.

• Red1passforwardanddiagonallytored2andover/underlap.red 2 attack the defender with the ball and either feed red 1 on theoverlaptocrossOReliminatethedefenderandfeedred1onan overlap to cross.

• Red2continuesintopenaltyboxafterreleasingred1.

• Red 3/red 4 make forward runs into goal scoring areas and attack the crosses from the flank players red 1/red 2.

• D2attempttodefendthecrossandpreventitreaching red 3/red 4.

• Bluecannowattackinotherdirection.

Key coaching factors

• Overlap/underlap–how?

• Releasingtheoverlappingplayer–how,where?

• Crossingtheballfromdistance–

- Observe the penalty box situation.

- decide an area to cross and type of cross.

- Avoid GK and defender.

• LATER–overlapperattackinfieldwithballandcross.

• Goalscoring–

- Observe the situation on the ball.

- identify spaces in box to attack.

- Timing and type of runs to move to the ball.

- decision-making on skill to score.

- Quality of contact (technique).

crossing and finishing (skill) Attacking in wide areas (squad)

Page 14: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

26 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 27FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines








Practice organisation

• Fullpitchwithboxesmarkedbyconesset-outasillustrated.

• 8players,arranged2Redsand2Bluesincentrecircle,plus2Redsand 2Blues who serve as target players, one in each of the 4 boxes, as shown. 1 ball.

• Practicestartswith:4playersincentrecirclepassingrandomly.

• EitherRedsorBluesinitiateattackwithoneplayerbreakingfrom circle supported by team mate, looking to gain entry to the target box.

• Opposingplayerincircle,closesttoboxbeingattacked;dropsoffto defend against counter (1 vs. 2).

• Defenderdelaysattackwhilstteammatefromcirclerecoversfrom behind ball (to make 2 vs. 2).

• Playersinpossessioncanonlypass(belowheadheight)throughfront of box or run ball into box.

• Ifrecoveringplayersgainpossession:theypasstoeitheroftheirtarget players located in boxes to conclude practice.

• Practicerecommenceswithplayersfromcircleandboxesalternating position and changing point of attack from circle.


• Dpressesball,deflectingplayawayfromsupportingA–when?

• BodyshapeofD:lowstance,splitfeet,changingfeetasappropriate, shoulders forward.

• Stayinginsidelineofballandgoal.

• Attempttotackleofffrontfootandremainonbalance,if not successful.

• Simpleprogressionforthispracticeis:A’shavetoscorewithinatime frame (e.g 6 seconds).

Key Coaching Factors.

• Quickrealisationandreactiontomovementofplayersfromcentre circle.

• InitialDengagesattackearlywithoutbecomingisolatedtoofarfrom defensive box.

• Ddeniesspace,delaysprogress,deflectsballtodefendtargetbox whilst recovering d makes ground.

• RecoveringDengagesballifpossibleonhisrecoveryrun.

• Oncerecoveryiscomplete:defendwithtwoasrequired.Practice organisation

• Fullwidth,½way+10yards.

• DefendersscorebytakingballundercontrolthroughT1-T2-T3.

• 8attackersand9defenders(incGK).

• Normaloffsiderulesapply.

• StartMF,passtoRBthenRBpassestoRW.

• Ensurerealisticstartpositionsinrelationtoball.

• Allreactrealistically.

• Workbothsidesthroughfreeplaywhenpossible.

• Defendingteam‘showinfield’–how?

Key coaching factors

• Movementtoreceiveandreceivingskills.

• Carryingandprotectingtheball.

• Release–shooting/passing.

• Movementinadvanceoftheballtoclearspace/linkplay.

• Movementbehindtosupport/secureplay.

Phase: Wingers when forced inside defending when outnumbered - skill practice

Page 15: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

28 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 29FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines



T20 yds

20 yds

10 yds






20 yds

Practice organisation

• Area–2/3pitchandfullwidth.

• 8red’sand1GKvs7blues’s.

• Red4MFattemptsacrossfieldpasstooverlappingred2 with red 7 having moved infield to vacate the space.

• FBblue3interceptstheintendedpassaheadofred7.

• Blue’sattempttoscore.

• Red’srecover,regainpossessionandattempttopasstotargetin the boxes who will within 2 touches pass to blue’s to attack quickly if possible.

Key coaching factors

• Earlydecision:

- delay the attack early through pressure.


- Recover and regroup to a ‘later’ defending position.

• Recoveryrunsto?

• Deflecttheattackto?

• Delaythespeedoftheattack–how?

• Whentoengagetheplayerinpossessionoftheball.

• Positioningandresponsibilitiesofbackplayersandrecoveringdefenders as the attack is delayed.

• Regainpossessionandattackasappropriate.

Practice organisation

• Fullpitchmarkedwithcones(penaltyareatopenaltyarea)including a 20 yard channel marked across pitch and goals at each end, set out as illustrated.

• 17players(inc2GK’s),1ball.

• PracticestartswithFBdroppingtoreceivetheballfromGKonthe edge of the penalty area, as shown.

• FB’sareinitiallyunopposedandfeedballtoMF.

• MF’splay2touchandfeedintoA’swhoplaywithanynumber of touches.

• 3vs.3inattackingarea.

• Ongainingpossession–defendingteamattackstheiropponentswho are allowed to defend with 2FB’s and 2MF’s v 3 counter attacking d’s, creating 4 vs. 3 initially, leading to 5 vs. 4 with MF players from both teams joining in.

• Offsiderulesapply.

• Practicerecommenceswithoriginalset-upfromGK.


• GoodconcentrationandcommunicationofGKandFB’swhenattacking team is in possession: anticipating/assuming turn over.

• D’sdenyopportunitiesbehinddefencethroughearlypressingand d’s positioning on half turn.

• Showgoodjudgementonwhentoleavemarkerandpressball.

• Simpleprogressionforthispracticeis:

- initially: one forward is active to press first ball out from back.

Key coaching factor

• Attackerstrytowinballearly.

• Defendersdelayprogressofopponentsandremainnarrow.

• MFplayertracksattacker’sruns,lookingtogetgoal-sideofballand player.

• Forcingplayawayfromgoalasaunit.

• GKsupportsdefendersfrombehindwithgoodposition and communication.

• Defendingteamtrytoremainascompactaspossibleto defend goal.

• Onregainingpossession:defendersmakeearlypassfrombackinto MF and forwards, whilst pushing-up from back marking and assessing opponent’s recovery.

defending when outnumbered - squad practice defending when outnumbered (Phase of play)

Page 16: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

30 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 31FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

15 yds 15 yds 15 yds

12 yds


60 yds

40 yds





4 3

Practice organisation

• Areaof45x12yardswide(asshown).

• 3attacker’sv1defenderinonezone.1defenderinmid-zone, 3 attacker’s at opposite end with one mobile along the end line.

• Play3vs.1untiloneoftheattackers(MF)recognisesandtakestheopportunitytodeliveralongpasstoX,whoismobilealongend line.

• Bothdefenderschangeroleswithred2nowpressuringthethreeattackersandred1occupyingthemid-zone.

Key coaching factors

• Supportandmovementtoreceivetheball.

• Qualityof1sttouchinordertosettheballuptodeliveroversome 45 yards.

• Rangeanddeliverthelongpasswithaccuracy.

• Qualityofthedelivery–

- Accuracy, applied spin if necessary.

• Employmentofbothfeetanddifferentsurfacesofthefoottoproduce different deliveries.

Practice organisation

• Areaof60x40yards.

• 4serversand2MFplayers.

• S1feedsXtoturnanddistributeinitiallytofindS3orthenS4.

• RepeatusingOworkingwithS1andS2topass.

development 1

• ReceivercombinesplaywithotherMFplayers(egXwithO) and distribute the ball to s players who change places.

development 2

• OandXchangeplacesupanddowntoreceivepossession from s players.

development 3

• IncludeadefenderinthecentralareastoopposeXandOon gaining possession.

Key coaching factors

• Positioningtoreceiveatangle.

• “Know”circumstancebefore/asreceive.

• Turnonreceivingtheball(varietyofturns).

• Qualityofturningtouch.

• Distributionquality:

- Over varying distances and angles.

• Passestofeetorspaceaheadofreceivers.

central midfield - Receive and distributecentral midfield - Receive and distribute (skill practice)

Page 17: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

32 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 33FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines


12-15 yds


5 yd



ydsS150 yds


70 yds

Practice organisation

• SupplyofballsatS1.

• Cones/mannequinsforreferencepoints.

• Workformalpatternsinitially–intofreemovements.


• Workwithonestrikertoinitiatemovementsbasedontransferof the ball. Work to receive behind, inside, in front of defender (mannequin). Repeat from both sides.

• Workwith2strikerstocombinemovementsbasedontransferof the ball. Work to play to furthest striker, nearest striker to combine, nearest striker to set back etc.

• Ballcanbeplayedinfromwiderserversorcentralserverbasedon demand and movement patterns required.

• Gradualintroductionofdefenders.

Key coaching factors


• Recognisingpossiblepassroutesfromservers.

• ‘Knowing’distanceandangles from mannequins.

• Timingofmovementtopositiontoreceivepasses from servers.

• ObservationofGKpositioning.

• Appropriatestrikingskill.

• Asaboveandpossiblecombinationplaysbetweenstrikers.

Practice organisation

• Areaof70yardslongby50yardswide.

• GK–3–3–1.

• GK–2–3–2.

• 1Ball.

Key coaching factors

• Positioningand/ormovementtoreceivetheballand body position.

• Awarenessonreceivingpasses.• Possessionpriorities– - Turn. - secure ball. - supply others. - Run with ball. - combination.• Supportandinterchangesofpossessionaround/aheadofball.• Playingoutofmiddleareas.• Supportandsecurityfrombackplay.

central midfield play - (s.s.G 8 vs. 8)Advanced technical practice: Forwards movement and finishing

Page 18: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

34 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 35FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines

30 yds

25 yds

50 yds


70 yds

Practice organisation

• Areaof30yardsx25yards.

• Insidearea4vs.2.Onoutside4supportplayerswhoplaywith2when they are in possession (creating 6 vs. 4).

• 2+4seektoretainpossession(conditionsmaybeimposedon4outside players if required).

• 4insidegridlooktoregainpossessionandreleaseplayerthroughany target gate within specified time limit (eg: 4 seconds).

• Keyfocusfor4insidegrid:

- Efficient and effective collective pressure on the ball.

- Preparatory release of 1 player in anticipation of regaining possession.

- Exploiting turnover quickly with efficient movement of ball and players as appropriate.

Key coaching factors


decision making:

1. Press ball, or

2. Patience as a unit to manoeuvre ball into favourable defending area.

• Pressandsupportthepress.

1. Preventing certain passes.

2. challenging, pressing opponents.


1. Earlydecisiontocounter-attack;where,how?

2. support for counter attack.

3. change of direction if necessary.

Practice organisation

• Penaltyboxtopenaltyboxonafullsizepitch.

• 70x50yards.

Key coaching factors

• Qualityofpassingandreceivingskillsondevelopingtheplay.

• Timingofmovementbystrikers.

• Awarenessonreceivingpossession.

• Individualskillsofturning,passingtoothers,holdingtheball.

• Combinationplaybetweentwostrikers.

• Goalscoring–decisionsandexecutionofskills.

strikers movement/finishing (individual combined movement) - squad

skill practice: counter attacking - Winning the ball back

Page 19: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

36 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines 37FA UEFA B LICENCE

Technical Guidelines


10 yds

20 y


10 yds

20 y





Practice organisation

• 9blues(incGK)vs.8reds.

• Twotargetplayersinboxesforbluestofindwheninpossession,and to then within 2 touches, pass to any red to initiate an early and possible counter-attack situation.

• Blue4passestoblue8andmovesforwardforthereturnpass.

• Red4interceptstheintendedpasstoblue8fromblue4andinitiates a counter-attack.

Key coaching factors

• Recognisethepossibilityofacounter-attackonmovingtointercept passes.

• Startanycounter-attackwithanearlydecisiontodosoAND:

• Passearlyandquicklytoaplayeraheadoftheball.

• Runwiththeball.

• Qualityofthefirsttouchtopassortorunwiththeball.

Players ahead of and around the ball make:

• Outletstoreceivepossession.

• Runstosupportthecounter-attack.

• Continuethecounter-attacktoitsconclusionorbuildifopponents recover quickly and prevent the early penetration.

counter-attack - Phase of playTHEoRy• Whyis11vs.11necessary?• Purposeof11vs.11coaching?• Howtoconsider11vs.11sessions?–

Methodology.• Stagesofconducting11vs.11sessions

PRACTiCE• Organisationandexplanationofteam

system, tactics and player roles?• Informationonrules,circumstances

in practice (eg. opponent tactics/ style of play).

• Purposeofsessionbeingconducted?• Observationpositionofcoach?• Observationfactors?• Interventionskills?• Communicationskills?• Progressofthepractice–logical,

explained to students etc.

clarity in understanding of: - process, content and outcome (achieving what you want).

11 vs. 11

Page 20: UEFA B Technical Guidelines

38 FA UEFA B LICENCE Technical Guidelines


Contact your County FA for full details.


Q: What are the signs of a good youth football coach?

Motivated players

A team that enjoys playing more than winning

Players with self-esteem

All of the above and moreA good coach knows what’s really important in youth football. The groundbreaking new FA Youth Coaching Award will help you to really understand and develop your young players.