Ubuntu Install Guide

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    Installing Ubuntu 10.10 step by step guide

    Posted by Shamim Imtiaz Khan

    A lot of people are talking about Ubuntuone of the most popular Linux

    distributions to date. This discussion is still hot and more people are jumping

    off Windows to Linux. If youre an average user, the easiest Linux distributionis Ubuntu. However, there is another one called LinuxMint based on a

    Windows interface, but I dont encourage using that. The real taste of Linuxlies in Ubuntu.

    Ubuntu is an open source operating system, which means its totally free of cost. You can order a

    free CD from Canonical and install it on as many computers as you like. Ubuntu is a simple,elegant and powerful operating system that makes the best out of your hardware. Forget viruses,

    hang ups and similar issues that you used to have with Windows. Ubuntu is a new era tocomputing.

    Through todays article, Im going to show you how to install Ubuntu. I believe you will findUbuntu an extremely useful operating system to use.

    This tutorial is also addressed to people who have just heard about Ubuntu, those who havenever installed Ubuntu before and want to test it, but don't know how!

    The tutorial will make things very simple for you, but if you get stuck somewhere in the middle

    of the installation and you need help, do not hesitate to use our commenting system at the end of

    the article!

    So, lets begin.

    Get Ubuntu

    There are two ways to get Ubuntu. If you have a faster internet connection with a CD writer on

    your computer, you candownload ubuntu .iso image file from here. After the download

    completes, simply burn it to a CD and boot it.

    If youd rather like to receive an Ubuntu free cd, click hereand order your free cd. It may take

    weeks to arrive, so I recommend downloading. Please note that if youre using a netbook, you

    may wish to downloadUbuntu Netbook Edition.

    Requirements:You will need the Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop ISO image that corresponds to your hardware

    architecture (i386 or amd64), and that can be downloaded fromhere. When the download is

    over, burn the ISO image with your favorite CD/DVD burning application (Nero, CDBurnerXP,Roxio) on a blank CD at 8x speed.Reinsert or leave the CD in your CD/DVD-ROM device and reboot the computer in order to boot

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    from the CD. Hit the F8, F11 or F12 key (depending on your BIOS) to select the CD/DVD-ROM

    as the boot device.Wait for the CD to load...

    In a couple of minutes you will see the wallpaper and the installation wizard. Select your

    language and click the "Install Ubuntu" button to continue...

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    Preparing to install UbuntuMake sure you have all the listed requirements. Optionally, you can choose to download updates

    while installing and/or install third party software, such as MP3 support. Be aware, though, that

    if you select those options, the entire installation process will be longer!

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    Allocate drive spaceAt this screen you have three options:

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    1. Install alongside other operating systems- Choose this option ONLY if you have another OS (e.g. Windows XP) and you want a dual boot


    Editor's Note:Remember that, after the installation, the Windows boot loader will beoverwritten by the Ubuntu boot loader!

    2. Erase and use the entire disk- Choose this option if you want to delete your existing operating system, or the hard drive is

    already empty and you want to let the installer automatically partition the hard drive for you.

    This is the option recommended for all users, especially those who want a machine with a single

    operating system on it.

    3. Specify partitions manually (advanced)- This option is recommended ONLY for advanced users, to create special partitions or format

    the hard drive with other filesystems than the default one. But it can also be used to create a/home partition, which is very useful in case you reinstall the whole system.

    Here's how you do a manual partitioning with /home:

    - Select the "Specify partitions manually (advanced) and click the "Forward" button;

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    - Make sure that the selected hard drive is the right one. /dev/sda is the first physical hard drive.

    /dev/sdb is the second hard drive in your machine. So, make sure that you know which is the oneyou want to format! Otherwise, you will lose ALL YOUR DATA on that hard drive;

    - Let's say that the selected drive is empty (no other operating system or important data on it), but

    it has some partitions on it. Select each one of those partitions and click the "Delete" button.After a few seconds, it will say "free space." Do this with the other partitions from the selected

    hard drive, until they're all deleted and you have a single "free space" entry;

    - With the "free space" entry selected, click on the "Add" button. In the new window, type 2048

    in the "New partition size in megabytes" field and select the "swap area" option from the "Useas:" drop down list. Click the OK button and, in a few seconds, you'll notice a "swap" line with

    the specified size;

    - With the "free space" entry selected, click on the "Add" button. In the new window, select the

    "Primary" option, type a value between 10,000 and 50,000 in the "New partition size in

    megabytes" field and select / as the "Mount point." Click the OK button and, in a few seconds,you'll notice an "ext4 /" line with the specified size;

    - With the "free space" line selected, click on the "Add" button. In the new window, select the"Primary" option, type a value between 30,000 and 50,000 (or whatever space you have left on

    the drive) in the "New partition size in megabytes" field and select /home as the "Mount point."Click the OK button and, in a few seconds, you'll notice an "ext4 /home" line with the specified


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    This is how your partition table should look like...

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    WARNING:Be aware that all the data on the selected hard drive or partition will be ERASEDand IRRECOVERABLE.

    Click the "Install Now" button to continue with the installation...

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    Editor's note:At this point the hard drive will be erase and partitioned, the CD data will be

    copied to the hard drive, and you can relax and continue to input the following required


    Where are you?This screen will feature a map of the Earth. Upon the selection of your current location, the time

    for the final system will adjust accordingly. You can try to guess you exact location with themouse on the map, or just type the town in the designated field. Click the "Forward" button after

    you have selected your desired location...

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    Keyboard layoutOn this screen, you will be able to choose a desired keyboard layout. But the default automaticselection should work for most of you. You can also click the "Figure Out Keyboard Layout"

    button for better recognition of your keyboard's layout. Click the "Forward" button when you

    have finished with the keyboard configuration...

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    Who are you?On this screen, you must do exactly what the title says. Fill in the fields with your real name, the

    name of the computer (automatically generated, but can be overwritten), the name you want to

    use to log in on your Ubuntu OS (also known as the "username," which will be required to log into the system), and the password.

    Also at this step, there's an option called "Log in automatically." If you check it, you will

    automatically be logged in to the Ubuntu desktop.Other option, called "Encrypt my home folder," will encrypt your Ubuntu installation. Click the

    "Forward" button to continue...

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    At this point the Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) operating system will be installed...

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    After approximately 10 to 15 minutes (depending on your computer's specs), a pop-up windowwill appear, notifying you that the installation is complete, and you'll need to restart the computer

    in order to use the newly installed Ubuntu operating system. Click the "Restart Now" button...

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    The CD will be ejected; remove it and press the "Enter" key to reboot. The computer will be

    restarted and, in a few seconds, you will see the Ubuntu boot splash...

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    At the login screen, click on your username and input your password. Click the "Log In" button

    or hit Enter to log in...

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    That it! Have fun using Ubuntu 10.10.

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    Anonymous said...

    sure its real help me because i were confused on how i can create my partition

    22 April 2012 05:10