Thinking about thinking cartoons in the RE classroom

  • Published on
    23-Feb-2016

  • View
    32

  • Download
    0

DESCRIPTION

Thinking about thinking cartoons in the RE classroom. Dilwyn Hunt. e xample 1. Weak or flawed thinking. A. I guess so. Lots of people say God is real so it must be true. . Do you think God is real? . Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking. Ginny. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript

Slide 1

Thinking about thinking cartoons in the RE classroomDilwyn HuntWeak or flawed thinkingDo you think God is real? I guess so. Lots of people say God is real so it must be true. I guess so. If there isnt a God how did the universe get started? GinnyJeromeexample 1Which of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.BAA

Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking

Weak or flawed thinkingI guess so. Lots of people say God is real so it must be true. I guess so. If there isnt a God how did the universe get started? JeromeWhich of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.AIf lots of people say something is true, that doesnt make it true. Appealing to the peopleArgumentum ad populumBAexample 1

Insert an image of Jerome talking

insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

Weak or flawed thinkingDo you think God is real? I guess so. Lots of people say God is real so it must be true. I guess so. If there isnt a God how did the universe get started? JeromeThe fact that lots of people say that God is real doesnt make it true.Explain why.BAGinnyexample 1For example, lots of people once believed that the earth stood still and the sun travelled around the earth but today we know that is not true.

Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking

Weak or flawed thinkingDo you think there really is a God? I reckon so. There has to be a God. It stands to reason. So God must exist. I reckon so. If there isnt a God where did life come from? GinnyJeromeexample 2Which of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.BAA

Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking

Weak or flawed thinkingI reckon so. There has to be a God. It stands to reason. So God must exist. I reckon so. If there isnt a God where did life come from? Jeromeexample 2Which of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.BAAThis is a circular argument. Jerome begins with what he is trying to end up with.

It is based on a premise which contains the conclusion. insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Jerome

Weak or flawed thinkingI reckon so. There has to be a God. It stands to reason. So God must exist. I reckon so. If there isnt a God where did life come from? Jeromeexample 2Which of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.BAAThere has to be a God.1st premise2nd premiseIt stands to reason.ConclusionSo God must exist.insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Jerome

Weak or flawed thinkingAshleyexample 2Is Ashleys argument a circular argument?Explain why.God is a necessary being.1st premise2nd premiseGod cannot fail to exist.ConclusionSo God cannot not exist.

God is a necessary being. God cannot fail to exist. So God cannot not exist? insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

Giving reasonscritical thinkingdiamond nineLucy says she believes in the resurrection of Jesus. Which is her strongest reason? Which is her weakest reason?strongest reasonweakest reason

Giving reasonscritical thinkingdiamond nineDave says a church should be allowed to provide same sex marriages if they want to. Which is his strongest reason? Which is his weakest reason?strongest reasonweakest reason

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3CarlWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?ABBExplain why.Yes his disciples were scared and had given up but then they changed and were full of courage. Something happened that changed them. They had seen Jesus alive. Do you think Jesus rose from the dead?HarryYes Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion.

Insert an image of two young people Haryy and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3CarlExplain why.Yes Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. No reason is given. The issue is seen as personal rather than what it is a claim about what really happened in the world. Do you think Jesus rose from the dead?HarryWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?B

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3CarlExplain why.Yes Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. No reason is given. The issue is seen as personal rather than what it is a claim about what really happened in the world. Do you think Jesus rose from the dead?HarryWhether Harry has a right to have an opinion is not the issue. BThe issue is - did Jesus rise from the dead. Harry is not offering a reason for agreeing with his view.

Insert an image of two young people Haryy and Carl talking

insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3objectiveHarrysubjective

contentiousuncontentiouslikely to cause an argumentnot likely to cause an argumentThe law requires RE to be taught in all Community schools. England won the World Cup in 1966

Geoff Hursts 3rd goaldid cross the line

The next fifty years will see the healthy growth of RE in our schools.

Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. The Bible is the Christian holy book.When die we will haveto face the judgement of God.

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3objectiveHarrysubjective

Objective statements are not personal preferences. They are claims about the world. Subjective statements reflect the personal preferences of people. The subject of the statement is the person.God created the universe.Jesus rose from the dead.Harry likes Brussels sprouts but hates broad beans. Harry likes Grime but doesnt like Heavy Metal.Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. There will be a Judgement DayHarry likes Star Trek but doesnt like Dr Who.

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 3CarlExplain why.The claim that Jesus rose from the dead has to do with claiming that an event in this world really happened. It is not an issue to do with personal inner feelings or preferences. Yes Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. No reason is given. The issue is seen as personal rather than what it is a claim about what really happened in the world. Do you think Jesus rose from the dead?Harry

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

Weak or flawed thinkingI prayed for Grandma so how come she still died? I guess God doesnt always do what we want Ginny. God does what is right.You cant swim properly Ginny so I bet you cant pray right either. GinnyJeromeWhich of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.example 4ABA

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingJeromeExplain why.Attacking the person and not the issue is not a proper argument. Attacking the personArgumentum ad hominemWhich of Jeromes reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?AABI guess God doesnt always do what we want Ginny. God does what is right.You cant swim properly Ginny so I bet you cant pray right either. example 4insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Jerome

Weak or flawed thinkingI prayed for Grandma so how come she still died? I guess God doesnt always do what we want Ginny. God does what is right.GinnyJeromeExplain why.example 4ABYou cant swim properly Ginny so I bet you cant pray right either. Jerome is not talking about the subject which is prayer but is talking about Ginny.AThe fact that Ginny cant swim does not matter. It is not connected in any way to the subject which is prayer.

Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 5Do you think voluntary euthanasia is wrong?HarryCarlWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Yes because we must live with everything life throws at us good and bad. You shouldnt just ask to die no matter how tough and difficult it becomes.BAAExplain why.Yes people who believe in voluntary euthanasia say that everyone over the age of 75 should volunteer to be put to death.

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 5CarlWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Yes people who believe in voluntary euthanasia say that everyone over the age of 75 should volunteer to be put to death.AAExplain why.This is a straw man argument. It attacks a view which they do not have.Yes because we must live with everything life throws at us good and bad. You shouldnt just ask to die no matter how tough and difficult it becomes.B

Do you think voluntary euthanasia is wrong?insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 5CarlYes people who believe in voluntary euthanasia say that everyone over the age of 75 should volunteer to be put to death.AThis is a straw man argument. It attacks a view which they do not have.Yes because we must live with everything life throws at us good and bad. You shouldnt just ask to die no matter how tough and difficult it becomes.BDo you think voluntary euthanasia is wrong?

This is a weak and inaccurate version of what they say which is put up in order to be easily knocked down and dismissed.People who believe in voluntary euthanasia do not believe elderly people should volunteer to die. insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 6CarlWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?ABBExplain why.I think they are. Some of the miracles have details which wouldnt be there if the story had been made up. Do you think Jesus miracles are true?HarryI think they are. It says so in the Bible and the Bible doesnt lie.

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 6Which of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?ABBExplain why.HarryI think they are. It says so in the Bible and the Bible doesnt lie. The fact that something or someone says it is true doesnt mean it is true.I think they are. Some of the miracles have details which wouldnt be there if the story had been made up. Do you think Jesus miracles are true?appeal to authorityargumentum ad verecundiaminsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Harry

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 6Which of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?ABBExplain why.HarryI think they are. It says so in the Bible and the Bible doesnt lie. I think they are. Some of the miracles have details which wouldnt be there if the story had been made up. Do you think Jesus miracles are true?appeal to authorityargumentum ad verecundiamThe argument only appeals to those who believe in Bible.insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Harry

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 6Which of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?ABHarryThe argument only appeals to those who believe in Bible.argumentum ad verecundiamClaiming something is true because it is in the Bible doesnt settle the issue. It just poses the question - is the Bible true?I think they are. Some of the miracles have details which wouldnt be there if the story had been made up. I think they are. It says so in the Bible and the Bible doesnt lie. Do you think Jesus miracles are true?At best the reason can only persuade people who already believe the Bible is true.appeal to authorityinsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Harry

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 7Do you believe in the theory of evolution?HarryCarlAAExplain why.No. The theory of evolution is just a theory.No. 3 billion years ago there was water, carbon, light but nothing living. Then suddenly there were living cells. Evolution cant explain that.BWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 7Do you believe in the theory of evolution?HarryCarlAAExplain why.No. The theory of evolution is just a theory.No. 3 billion years ago there was water, carbon, light but nothing living. Then suddenly there were living cells. Evolution cant explain that.BWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 7CarlNo. 3 billion years ago there was water, carbon, light but nothing living. Then suddenly there were living cells. Evolution cant explain that.BAAExplain why.No. The theory of evolution is just a theory.This is an equivocation argument. The word theory is being used to mean to different things. Do you believe in the theory of evolution?Theory can mean something that is iffy or conjecture.Which of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 7CarlWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?No. 3 billion years ago there was water, carbon, light but nothing living. Then suddenly there were living cells. Evolution explain that.BAAExplain why.No. The theory of evolution is just a theory.Do you believe in the theory of evolution?Theory means a statement based on all available empirical data which currently best explains a natural phenomena. This is an equivocation argument. The word theory is being used to mean to different things. doublespeakinsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 7CarlThe use of the word theory in its sense meaning something iffy attempts to suggest that evolutionists themselves acknowledge that the idea is uncertain.No. 3 billion years ago there was water, carbon, light but nothing living. Then suddenly there were living cells. Evolution explain that.BAAExplain why.No. The theory of evolution is just a theory.Do you believe in the theory of evolution?This is an equivocation argument. The word theory is being used to mean to different things. doublespeakTheory means a statement based on all available empirical data which currently best explains a natural phenomena. insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Weak or flawed thinkingDo you think that without religion people are more bad? GinnyJeromeWhich of Ginnys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Explain why.example 8BI guess so. When people stop believing crime and violence goes up. I guess so. If you think youve got to face God one day it must make some difference.AB

Insert an image of two young people Ginny and Jerome talking

Weak or flawed thinkingGinnyWhich of Ginnys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?example 8I guess so. When people stop believing crime and violence goes up. ABThis is a spurious correlation argument. Correlation does not mean cause. I guess so. If you think youve got to face God one day it must make some difference.Spurious correlation argumentBinsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Ginny

Weak or flawed thinkingGinnyWhich of Ginnys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?example 8I guess so. When people stop believing crime and violence goes up. ABThis is a spurious correlation argument. Correlation does not mean cause. I guess so. If you think youve got to face God one day it must make some difference.The decline in religion may coincide with an increase in crime But there may not be any direct connection. The increase in crime may be due more to the increase in the number of people living in cities. another factorSpurious correlation argumentinsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Ginny

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 9There is evil in the world but I think most of it is down to us. Its not the fault of demon or a fallen angel. HarryCarlABExplain why.Do you believe in Satan?BWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Satan definitely does exist and theres no proof that it isnt true.

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 9HarryABExplain why.Do you believe in Satan?BWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Satan definitely does exist and theres no proof that it isnt true.A claim is not shown to be true on the grounds that it hasnt been proved false.Argument from ignoranceargumentum ad ignorantiam There isnt any smoke so there must be a fire.There is evil in the world but I think most of it is down to us. Its not the fault of demon or a fallen angel. insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Harry

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 9HarryABExplain why.Do you believe in Satan?BWhich of Harrys reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?Satan definitely does exist and theres no proof that it isnt true.A claim is not shown to be true on the grounds that it hasnt been proved false.Argument from ignoranceargumentum ad ignorantiam The burden of proof is usually on those making the claim not on those who deny it..There is evil in the world but I think most of it is down to us. Its not the fault of demon or a fallen angel. insert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Harry

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 10Dont you think getting married young is often a mistake?HarryCarlAAExplain why.I think it is a good idea. My sister got married when she was eighteen and she is very happy. I think it is a good idea. It depends on how strong the relationship is and how hard they both work at maintaining it.BWhich of Carls reasons do you think is most weak or perhaps flawed?

Insert an image of two young people Harry and Carl talking

Weak or flawed thinkingexample 10CarlAExplain why.This is a generalising from the particular argument. A specific example cannot be use to support a general conclusion. The sample is too small to support such a claim.Carls argument is weak because he makes a general conclusion from a single example. To support such a broad conclusion a large number body of evidence would be needed.I think it is a good idea. My sister got married when she was eighteen and she is very happy. I think it is a good idea. It depends on how strong the relationship is and how hard they both work at maintaining it.Dont you think getting married young is often a mistake?ABThe generalisation fallacyinsert an image of an ancient Greek philosopher

insert an image of a Carl

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The appeal to the people argumentBecause a lot of people believe a thing to be true does not mean that it is.There is a life after death because so many people believe it is true. 1.They cant all be wrong.

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The circular argumentThe Bible is a holy book because it is sacred.2.Stealing is wrong because you shouldnt take things.

An argument based on a premise which contains the conclusion. It begins with what it tries to prove.Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The circular argumentAn argument based on a premise which contains the conclusion. God is a necessary being so God must exist.God is a necessary being so God cannot not exist.

2.It begins with what it tries to prove.Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The its my opinion argumentThe right to have an opinion is not the issue. Jesus rose from the dead. Thats my opinion and everyone has a right to their opinion. 3.The issue is did Jesus rise from the dead. Asserting your opinion is a failure to offer a reason to agree.

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The attacking the person argumentWhen the arguer is attacked and not the argument.What makes you so sure you have not been reincarnated?

4.You can never remember when my birthday is so perhaps reincarnation is another one of your blind spots.Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The straw man argumentWhen a view is falsely represented and the false view is then criticised.To be a Christian you have to believe there is a God up there who made the world in six days.

5.I just dont buy that. Thats why Im not a Christian.

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The equivocation argumentWhen a word which has more than one meaning is used in its two different senses.The theory of evolution is just a theory.

7.Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The spurious correlation argumentWhen something is claimed to be the cause but evidence of a formal causal link is weak.correlation and causeSince the death penalty was abolished in 1965 the number of sparrows has dropped by over 70%. 8.As the increase in video games has gone up so has child violence.

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? When my dad my was sick I prayed.

8.The spurious correlation argumentcorrelation and causeWhen something is claimed to be the cause but evidence of a formal causal link is weak. Soon after that he got well. That shows that prayer does work. Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The argument from ignoranceWhen something is claimed to be true on the grounds that it hasnt been proved false.There are many angels in the world

9. I know thats true and theres no proof that it isnt so.

Learningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The burden of proof is usually on those making the claim not on those who deny it.Heaven is a place where the sun always shines and you can play and eat chocolate all day. 9.

There is no proof that this is not true.

The argument from ignoranceLearningfromreligion The Formal teaching of Critical thinking What does thinking look like when it goes wrong? The generalising from particular argumentWhen something is true in one, or a few cases, and so it claimed to be true in all cases.A friend of mine had an abortion Anecdotal thinking

10.and she still regrets what she did.

Recommended

View more >