thesis final defense Health Literacy Ppt

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health literacy amon

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<p>The Health Literacy Level Among Patients in Government Hospitals of Lanao del Norte</p> <p>Health LiteracyOverall capacity to: Source Comprehend Utilize Health information within the healthcare setting</p> <p>Why is it important?</p> <p>1. 1. The large numbers of people affected 2. 2. Related to poor health outcomes</p> <p>Why is it important?3. Increasing rates of chronic disease 4. Health care costs</p> <p>Theoretical framework1. Hendersons 14 Fundamental Needs 2. 14. Learning, Discovering or Satisfying the curiosity that leads to normal development and health, and using available health facilities.</p> <p>Theoretical Framework1. Peplaus Interpersonal Theory 2. Client feels need for establishing maximum health or functionality and motivation to reach this standard of health</p> <p>Theoretical Framework1. A patient must master experiences in wc goals are achieved through perseverance, overcoming obstacles and fr observing others succeed through sustained effort.</p> <p>Theoretical Framework1. Jordans Health Literacy Management Theory 2. 8 domains: 3. 1. Patient attitude towards health 4. 2. Understanding health information</p> <p>Theoretical Framework1. Jordans Health Literacy Management Theory 2. 8 domains: 3. 1. Patient attitude towards health 4. 2. Understanding health information</p> <p>Theoretical Framework</p> <p>1. 3. Social Support 2. 4. Socioeconomic Considerations 3. 5. Accessing healthcare services</p> <p>Theoretical Framework</p> <p>1. 6. Communication with health professionals 2. 7. Being proactive 3. 8. Using health information</p> <p>Motivational levelPeplau: Man has need for establishing maximum health or functionality and motivation to reach this standard of good health. (Healthy eating &amp; physical activity)</p> <p>Sociodemographic profileUNESCO: elderly, low monthly income, women, unemployed,</p> <p>Value/Belief SystemPemder: Each person has unique characteristics that afffects subsequent actions. Has set of variables for specific knowledge and affect; can be modified by nursing actions</p> <p>Health literacyAbility to seek health information Comprehend health information Utilize health information</p> <p>Conceptual FrameworkIndependent variablesSocio-demographic profile: Age Gender Monthly Income Educational Attainment Employment StatusMotivational level Healthy Eating Habits Physical Activity Health Belief/Value System Health Belief Diet Alternative Therapy Dependent Variable Health Literacy: Seek health information Comprehend health information</p> <p>Utilize health information</p> <p>Action Plan</p> <p>Statement of the Problem1. 1. What is the sociodemographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 2. Age 3. Gender</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. Monthly income 2. Educational attainment 3. Occupation 4. Media exposure</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. 2. What is the motivational level of the respondents in terms of: 2. Eating habits 3. Physical activity</p> <p>Statement of the Problem1. 3. What are the value/belief systems of the respondents in terms of: 2. Health attitudes 3. Diet 4. Alternative therapy</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. 4. What is the health literacy level of respondents in terms of:</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. Sourcing health information 2. Comprehending health information 3. Utilizing health information</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. 5. Is there a relationship between health literacy and the clients 2. Sociodemographic profile</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. Motivational level 2. Value/belief system</p> <p>Statement of the Problem</p> <p>1. 6. Based on the findings, what interventions are necessary to improve health literacy?</p> <p>Hypotheses1. Tested at .05 level of significance</p> <p>2. Ho1: There is no significant relationship between the patients sociodemographic profile.</p> <p>Hypotheses1. Tested at .05 level of significance</p> <p>2. Ho2: There is no significant relationship between the patients health literacy with that of their motivational level.</p> <p>Hypotheses</p> <p>1. Ho2: There is no significant difference between the health literacy level of patients admitted in the two government hospitals.</p> <p>Hypotheses</p> <p>1. Ho3: There is no significant difference between the patients health literacy with that of their value/belief system.</p> <p>Significance of the Study1. Health Care Institutions 2. Health Professionals 3. Registered Nurses and other healthcare professionals</p> <p>Significance of the Study</p> <p>1. Patients 2. Future Researchers</p> <p>Scope and Delimitations</p> <p>1. Gregorio T. Lluch Memorial Hospital 2. Lanao del Norte Provincial Hospital</p> <p>Research Design</p> <p>1. Descriptive Design 2. Correlational Approach</p> <p>Locale of the Study</p> <p>1. Lanao del Norte 2. Iligan City 3. Tubod</p> <p>Locale of the Study</p> <p>1. Gregorio T. Lluch Memorial Hospital 2. Lanao del Norte Provincial Hospital</p> <p>Respondents of the Study</p> <p>1. Inpatients of GTLMH and LDNPH</p> <p>Sampling Design</p> <p>1. Purposive</p> <p>Research Instruments1. Structured Questionnaires 2. 1. Profile 3. 2. Health Motivation Scale in Healthy Eating and Physical Activity</p> <p>Research Instruments</p> <p>1. 3. Value/Belief System 2. 4. Health Literacy Scale</p> <p>Validity and Reliability of Instruments</p> <p>1. Panel of Experts 2. Cronbachs Alpha</p> <p>Statistical Treatment1. Mean 2. Standard deviation 3. Percentage 4. Chi square 5. Logistic regression</p> <p>Research DesignDescriptive Correlation Structured questionnaire</p> <p>Locale of the StudyIligan City Tubod Lanao del Norte</p> <p>Locale of the Study</p> <p>Gregorio T. Lluch Memorial Hospital Lanao del Norte Provincial Hospital</p> <p>Respondents of the Study</p> <p>Inpatients of GTLMH and LDNPH</p> <p>Sampling DesignPurposive Sampling 18 years old and above Not in critical condition Good mental sate</p> <p>Research InstrumentsPurposive Sampling 18 years old and above Not in critical condition Good mental sate</p> <p>Research InstrumentsPart 1. Sociodemographic Profile Part 2. Motivational Level Part 3. Value/Belief System Part 4. Health Literacy Level</p> <p>Validity and Reliability of InstrumentsPanel of Experts Cronbachs Alpha</p> <p>Validity and Reliability of Instruments</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Data Gathering</p> <p>Statistical TreatmentSample Mean Standard Deviation Percentage Chi-Square Distribution</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataFigure 4. Histogram Showing Respondents' Sex Distribution</p> <p>40.80%</p> <p>59.20%</p> <p>Male Female</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataFigure5. Histogram Showing Respondents' Highest Educational Attainment2.90% 1.90% 6.80% 6.80% 6.80% 8.70% 12.60%</p> <p>Never been to school Elementary Level Elementary Graduate High School Level High School Graduate23.30%</p> <p>23.30%</p> <p>Vocational Course Level Vocational Graduate College Level College Graduate</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataFigure 6. Histogram Showing Respondents' Occupation</p> <p>20%</p> <p>Skilled Non-skilled80%</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataFigure 7. Histogram Showing Patients' Media Exposure1% 1.90% 1% 4.90% 2.90%</p> <p>88.30%</p> <p>None Television Internet Newspaper Journals Radio</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataFigure 8. Histogram Showing Respondents' Agency</p> <p>17.50% 32%</p> <p>6.80% 43.70%</p> <p>None Government Private Self-employed</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataNProfile Age Monthly salary 103 Total 103 103 18.00 .00 84.00 6000.00 34.33 1,846.60</p> <p>Minimum</p> <p>Maximum</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Healthy Eating in Mean Standard deviation1.26</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 1</p> <p>I have the motivation to eat healthily to have a longer life. I desire to eat healthily to prevent illness. I can engage in healthy eating over a long period of time for the purpose of having stamina.</p> <p>3.33</p> <p>3.28</p> <p>1.44</p> <p>2</p> <p>3.23</p> <p>1.27</p> <p>3</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Healthy EatingI want to eat healthily to prevent increase in my weight. For the purpose of being healthy, I will follow the prescribed diet by my doctor. I want to eat healthily to prevent hypertension.</p> <p>in</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Standard deviation1.45</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 4</p> <p>3.16</p> <p>3.16</p> <p>1.33</p> <p>5</p> <p>3.14</p> <p>1.30</p> <p>Neither Agree nor Disagree</p> <p>6</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Healthy Eating in Mean Standard deviation1.28</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 7</p> <p>I desire to maintain a balanced diet in every meal. I would persist in healthy eating for the purpose of preserving health. I plan to eat healthy food more often because I want to enjoy healthy aging.</p> <p>3.14</p> <p>3.09</p> <p>1.40</p> <p>8</p> <p>3.06</p> <p>1.23</p> <p>9</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Healthy EatingI want to eat healthily to look better. If I have a strong motivation to be healthy to prevent illness. I can persist in healthy eating because I want to be healthy. Over-all mean</p> <p>in</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Standard deviation1.28</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 10</p> <p>2.98</p> <p>2.82</p> <p>1.32</p> <p>11</p> <p>2.97</p> <p>1.40</p> <p>12</p> <p>3.11</p> <p>1.1</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Physical Activity in Mean Standard deviation1.37</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 1</p> <p>I want to perform activities to be healthy. I perform physical activities to combat heart complications and other diseases. I want to perform physical activities to fight stress.</p> <p>3.26</p> <p>3.18</p> <p>1.42</p> <p>2</p> <p>3.16</p> <p>1.39</p> <p>Neither Agree nor Disagree</p> <p>3</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Physical ActivityI want to learn different exercise techniques. I perform physical activities to build up strength. I wish to be healthy by exercising regularly.</p> <p>in</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Standard deviation1.34</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 4</p> <p>3.13</p> <p>3.12</p> <p>1.27</p> <p>5</p> <p>3.09</p> <p>1.3</p> <p>6</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Physical Activity in Mean Standard deviation1.32</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 7</p> <p>I want to perform physical activities to control my weight. I want to exercise to boost my immune system I desire to continue physical activities over a long period of time.</p> <p>3.05</p> <p>2.99</p> <p>1.51</p> <p>8</p> <p>2.99</p> <p>1.37</p> <p>9</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Physical ActivityIn order to stay fit and strong, I make sure to exercise no matter how busy I am. I want to exercise to improve my mood.</p> <p>in</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Standard deviation1.41</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 10</p> <p>2.96</p> <p>2.90</p> <p>1.29</p> <p>11</p> <p>I want to exercise regularly for the rest of my life.</p> <p>2.82</p> <p>1.35</p> <p>12</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataMotivation Scale Physical ActivityI desire to perform activities to stay slim. Over-all mean</p> <p>in</p> <p>Mean</p> <p>Standard deviation1.15</p> <p>Interpretati Ran on kNeither Agree nor Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree 13</p> <p>2.63</p> <p>3.02</p> <p>1.1</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief Respondents Systems of the Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n k</p> <p>Health Attitudes I get health information only from reliable sources such as doctors and nurses. I see to it that I am at maximum health and avoid illness at all times. 2.11 .82 Sometimes 1</p> <p>2.04</p> <p>.84</p> <p>Sometimes</p> <p>2</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief Respondents Systems of the Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n kSometimes Sometimes Sometimes 3 4 5</p> <p>I go to the hospital or clinic to seek medical advice. I am keen on watching TV shows such as Salamat Dok, Pinoy MD, etc. I make sure that I get health care from trustworthy institutions.</p> <p>2.03 2.02 2.01</p> <p>.73 .75 .82</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief Respondents Systems of the Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n kSometimes Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes 6 7 8</p> <p>I take medication only when prescribed by my doctor. I am eager to seek health information if I get sick. I rely on the elderlys health beliefs to restore my health. Over-all mean</p> <p>2.01 1.98 1.69 1.99</p> <p>.81 .83 .67 .52</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief RespondentsDiet</p> <p>Systems</p> <p>of</p> <p>the Mean</p> <p>SD</p> <p>Interpretatio Ran n k</p> <p>I encourage a healthy lifestyle to my family.I am a good model to my family and significant others when it comes to diet and exercise. I see to it that fruits and vegetables are included in my diet.</p> <p>2.131.99</p> <p>.80.81</p> <p>SometimesSometimes</p> <p>12</p> <p>1.96</p> <p>.75</p> <p>Sometimes</p> <p>3</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief RespondentsI eat healthily.</p> <p>Systems</p> <p>of</p> <p>the Mean</p> <p>SD</p> <p>Interpretatio Ran n kSometimes 4</p> <p>1.92</p> <p>.71</p> <p>I avoid fastfood and junk foods.I make sure that I maintain a balanced diet. Over-all mean</p> <p>1.881.83 1.95</p> <p>.74.71 .52</p> <p>SometimesSometimes Sometimes</p> <p>56</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief Respondents Systems of the Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n k</p> <p>Alternative Therapy I trust the skills of doctors, nurses and other members of the health care team to care for me whenever I get sick. I go to a faith healer whenever I get sick. I use different plants to restore my health even without the direction of my physician. 2.21 .78 Sometimes 1</p> <p>1.74 1.69</p> <p>2.17 .77</p> <p>Sometimes Sometimes</p> <p>2 3</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataValue/belief Respondents Systems of the Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n k Never(not true) Never(not true) Never(not true) 4 5 6</p> <p>I rely on traditional remedies such as wearing amulets. I use plants and herbal medicines alone to restore my health. I am more confident with the skills of mananambal or witch sorcerer and mangagas or spiritual healer compared to that of a doctor. I believe in health superstitions such as buyag.</p> <p>1.67 1.65 1.64</p> <p>1.18 .74 .67</p> <p>1.45</p> <p>.67</p> <p>Never(not true)</p> <p>7</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of Data</p> <p>Value/belief Respondents</p> <p>Systems</p> <p>of</p> <p>the Mean</p> <p>SD</p> <p>Interpretatio Ran n k</p> <p>I am more convinced with the skills of or hilot, the massage healer. compared to that of a doctor. Over-all mean</p> <p>1.42</p> <p>.63</p> <p>Never(not true)Sometimes (somewhat true)</p> <p>8</p> <p>1.68</p> <p>.67</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataHealth Literacy Level Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n k</p> <p>Sourcing information Listen to information, advices and teachings from healthcare providers. Ask for/read health brochures and posters in hospitals and clinics without difficulty. Solicit opinions of health professionals to make decisions regarding ones health. 3.21 3.19 1.32 1.25 With some difficulty With some difficulty 1 2</p> <p>3.02</p> <p>1.32</p> <p>With some difficulty</p> <p>3</p> <p>Presentation &amp; Analysis of DataHealth Literacy Level Mean SD Interpretatio Ran n k With some difficulty With some difficulty With some difficulty With some difficulty 4 5 6 7</p> <p>Read information provided by healthcare provider. Know where to find and contact a doctor and set an appointment. Locate health services. Acquire knowledge...</p>