TheRenaissancePeriod1840-1860. Renaissance Period Distinct period of Romantic Period Distinct period of Romantic Period Was a ‘rebirth’ / coming of age

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  • TheRenaissance Period

    1840-1860

  • Renaissance Period Distinct period of Romantic Period

    Was a rebirth / coming of age

    Illustrated By American writers

    Finding their own identityMoving away from English literature and influences

  • Renaissance PeriodRepresented 1st time literature was truly American

    Marked by culture and landscape

    Main authors-Hawthorne, Melville, Emerson, Thoreau

  • Transcendentalism An attitude or belief contradicting industrialism, growth, and conformity.

  • TranscendentalismAt this point in history-

    shift from:

    Agriculture to IndustryRural life to Urban lifeFactories replaced workersImmigrants performed labor

  • TranscendentalistsFought this form of thought

    looked to create a better society

    Believed truth was not in business, govt, or wealth, but in God, the universe, and the self

    Wanted to go beyond/transcend the physical world in order to find truthNon-Conformists

  • A Transcendental ViewEverything in the world- including humans- is a reflection of god

    Humankind, nature, and God are all connected

    People are inherently good- they should always follow their beliefs

    Personal intuition can reveal gods spirit in nature and the soul- thus, truth is attainable

  • A Transcendental ViewSelf-reliance / individualism outweigh Authority / blind conformity

    Spontaneous feeling/intuition are superior to intellectualism / rationality

    The natural world is the doorway to the spiritual/ideal world.

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson

    1803 -1883

  • A Rare IntellectualAppealed to the young with his energy and vitality

    Appealed to intellectuals with his philosophical ideas concerning humanity, nature, and God

    Appealed to overall society with his optimism

  • The Quotable EmersonEmerson is quoted more times than any figure in history.

    Only one source with more quotes- the Bible

  • Quotable- but why?Represents the person we all strive to become

    The person who has found, accepts, and loves his place on earth

    Loves who he is; what he is

    Possesses peace of mind

  • Emersons historyBorn (1803) into a cultured family of ministers in Boston

    Life was pre-arranged/established

    Was to be a minister

    Attended Harvard; age 25 accepted 1st ministry post

  • Emersons historySpontaneously left ministry at age 28 after his wife died

    Intuition led him to Europe; influenced by Romantic writers

    In 1833 returned to U.S.- possessed a new optimism and outlook on life

  • Emersons historyHelped pioneer the Transcendental Movement in the U.S.

    Was, first and foremost, a writer and lecturer

    Realized the limitation of transcendentalism in a civilized, conforming society.

  • Literary Focus-Aphorism (motto)-

    A brief statement, usually one sentence long, that expresses a general principle or truth about life

    An apple a day keeps

    Honesty is the best policy

  • Quick Project

    A motto captures an individuals attitude toward life in one pithy phrase. Think of a motto that you hear on a daily basis.

  • Aphorisms- RWE Nothing can bring you peace but yourself; nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of principles.

  • Aphorisms- RWE The high prize in life, the crowning fortune of man is to be born with a bias to some pursuit which finds him in employment and happiness.

  • Aphorisms- RWE Accept the place divine Providence has found for you.

  • Aphorisms- RWE

    Trust the instinct to the end, though you can render no reason.

  • Aphorisms- RWE Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.

  • Aphorisms- RWE Self-trust is the first secret to success.

  • Aphorisms- RWE

    What is your motto?