“The Sniper”. By Liam O’Flaherty. Pre-reading notes. The Writer and his Historical Connection. Liam O’Flaherty (1896-1984) Born to a large, poor family on Inishmore, one of Ireland’s rocky Aran Islands. He took inspiration from the peasant life of the Aran Islands in his writing. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The SniperBy Liam OFlahertyPre-reading notesThe Writer and his Historical ConnectionMeet the WriterLiam OFlaherty (1896-1984)Born to a large, poor family on Inishmore, one of Irelands rocky Aran Islands. He took inspiration from the peasant life of the Aran Islands in his writing.
BackgroundThis story is set in Dublin, Ireland, in the 1920s, during a time of civil war.Republicans: desired all of Ireland to be totally free from British rule. Free Staters: desired compromise with Britain.
The Irish Civil war tore families apart: child against parent, sister against sister, and brother against brother.Post-reading notesLiterary ElementsConflict and Point of ViewConflict:Man vs. Man: the struggle exists between the Republican sniper and the Free Stater sniper.Point of View:Third person limited: restricted to one character (the Republican sniper) and observes only what he sees, hears, feels, or does.
Similes and MetaphorsSimiles:Machine guns and rifles broke the silence of the night, spasmodically, like dogs barking on lone farms.Metaphors:Around the beleaguered Four Courts the heavy guns roared.The sniper could hear the dull panting of the motor . . . His bullets would never pierce the steel that covered the gray monster.Personification: attributing human characteristics to something nonhuman.MoodThe mood of The Sniper is nervous and suspenseful. OFlaherty keeps you reading to find out what comes next. The reader feels the suspense and becomes nervous when the Republican sniper is shot and he has to make a plan so that he can both live and kill the Free Stater sniper on the opposite rooftop.
IronyThe irony of The Sniper is situational.Situational irony: an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of the reader.Neither the reader nor the Republican sniper expects the two snipers to be brothers fighting against each other.
ThemeOne of the possible themes of The Sniper is that war has no boundaries.