The Music of Ireland How the folk music of Ireland has influenced classical music

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  • Slide 1
  • The Music of Ireland How the folk music of Ireland has influenced classical music
  • Slide 2
  • Lesson Overview The students will learn about the culture and music of Ireland and the influences of Irish folk music on classical music.
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  • General Music 9-12 Targeted Standards: National Standard 6: Listening to, analyzing, and describing music National Standard 6: Listening to, analyzing, and describing music National Standard 9: Understanding music in relation to history and culture National Standard 9: Understanding music in relation to history and culture Anchor Standard #7. Perceive and analyze artistic work. Anchor Standard #7. Perceive and analyze artistic work. Anchor Standard #8. Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work Anchor Standard #8. Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work Anchor Standard #9. Apply criteria to evaluate artistic work Anchor Standard #9. Apply criteria to evaluate artistic workMaterials: Students: Notebooks, research materials, computers Teacher: PowerPoint Presentation, computer, audio/visual equipment (projector, speakers, screen) Instructional Objectives: Students will learn about Irish culture, geography, history, and music. Students will learn about Irish culture, geography, history, and music. Students will learn about the use of uilleann bagpipes, pennywhistle, bodhran, accordion, and guitar in Celtic music Students will learn about the use of uilleann bagpipes, pennywhistle, bodhran, accordion, and guitar in Celtic music Students will learn the common characteristics of Irish music. Students will learn the common characteristics of Irish music. Students will learn about the influences of Irish folk music on classical music. Students will learn about the influences of Irish folk music on classical music.
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  • Mystery Videos Watch these three video clips. Can you figure out what the common factor is? Video 1 Video 2 Video 3
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  • They all come from Ireland.
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  • Ireland is an island in Northern Europe, divided between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The land is made up of low-lying mountains and lush vegetation. It is a mostly rural island with castles, monasteries, and great houses.
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  • Ireland Ireland is divided into two territories: Ireland and Northern Ireland
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  • Uilleann bagpipes facts Bellows driven Bellows driven Played indoors Played indoors Originated in mid-eighteenth century Originated in mid-eighteenth century There was much uilleann piping until the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s, when many of the pipers perished from disease and starvation or emigrated. There was much uilleann piping until the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s, when many of the pipers perished from disease and starvation or emigrated. In 1968, the Na Piobbaira Uilleann (The Uillienn Pipers) was founded to promote the instrument and music. In 1968, the Na Piobbaira Uilleann (The Uillienn Pipers) was founded to promote the instrument and music.
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  • Dances of Ireland Jig Reel Hornpipe Polka
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  • Fun Fact: How can you tell the difference between an Irish jig and an Irish reel? Watch and find out Difference in Irish jig and Irish reel
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  • Characteristics of Traditional Irish Music There are two broad categories: instrumental music comprised of mostly dance music (reels, jigs, hornpipes, and polkas) and song tradition, most commonly unaccompanied solo singing. There are two broad categories: instrumental music comprised of mostly dance music (reels, jigs, hornpipes, and polkas) and song tradition, most commonly unaccompanied solo singing. Most common instruments are the uilleann bagpipes, fiddle, flute, tin whistle, button accordion, concertina, harp, and bodhran. Most common instruments are the uilleann bagpipes, fiddle, flute, tin whistle, button accordion, concertina, harp, and bodhran. Based on oral tradition (passed down or learned by example) Based on oral tradition (passed down or learned by example) Irish music usually tells a story. Irish music usually tells a story. The musicians tend to add to or create variations of songs frequently. The musicians tend to add to or create variations of songs frequently. Simple harmonies Simple harmonies Use of Ionian, Dorian, Mixolydian, and Aeolian modes Use of Ionian, Dorian, Mixolydian, and Aeolian modes
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  • Traditional Irish Instruments
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  • Learn to sing a traditional Irish tune! Oh, Danny Boy, the pipes, the pipes are calling From glen to glen, and down the mountain side, The summer's gone, and all the roses falling, It's you, it's you must go and I must bide. Listen
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  • Classical and Popular Music with Irish Influences Percy Graingers Irish Tune from County Derry (using the tune of Danny Boy) Listen Percy Graingers Molly on the Shore (based on two Irish cork reels) Listen Belfast Hornpipe (played by flutist James Galway) Listen Amy Beachs Symphony in E minor (Gaelic) Listen
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  • Assignment: Write a one page paper describing Irish music, culture, and instruments using the information you have learned in this lesson and any additional information you find through your own research. One paragraph must focus on the listening examples in the previous slide describing the sounds you heard that are influenced by Irish traditional music. The links will be provided to you for further listening.
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  • Rubric
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  • Sources Bannerman, C. (2010, April 9) Irish uilleann pipes [Video file]. Retrieved from http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=dq3m_R3Lnu4 Brummydubliner. (2011, August 13) Paddy Callaghan- young trad 2010 [Video file. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMqAE2YVaqs Butlerronaynemusic. (2011, May 2) Shane Butler all Ireland under 18s bodhran champion ft. Fionn Morrison on tin whistle [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6b4FRzftuZg Hanson, D. (2013, December 13) Difference between Irish reel and jig- Gothard sisters [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=eo_AJQBxZ3c Karyl, H. (2011, August 15) The Corrs- Toss the feathers unplugged hd [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E4z7Y6sY6aM Kay, E. (2011, March 26) 6-hand reel [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Amt8Gf05cQY Miller, T., & Shahriari, A. (2012). Europe: Greece, Spain, Russia, Scotland, Ireland, Hungary, Bulgaria. In World music a global journey (pp 282-325). New York: Routledge.
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  • Sources (continued) Myirishvideos. (2009, April 10) Owen condon-tipperary polkas [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UuhQdUmlKFU NPKM11. (2012, November 7) UD Irish dance club-international festival- hornpipe.mpg [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=snAa6u3yReI Rath, D. (2008, May 14). Micheal Flately-Lord of the dance finale [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jjxTTjJtXDA Trinityirishdancers. (2013, March 13) Trinity irish dancers teach Conan the Irish jig [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=c6SNwjfDdac Warner Bros. Records (2009, October 25). Enya- Only time [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wfYIMyS_dI Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved August 10, 2014 from www.wikipedia.com