The Genera of Hyphomycetes

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  • iThe Genera of Hyphomycetes

    About the cover: Agar colonies of species of Fusarium, Epicoccum and Stilbella. Detail from an installation by Canadian artist Annie Thibault, in the exhibition Beyond Science, Metronm Fundaci Rafael Tous dArt Contemporani, with the collaboration of Institut de Biologa Molecular de Barcelona, Spain, 03.12-22.01.2005 (photograph: Jos Nieva). The accompanying photograph shows a similar installation at a larger scale, from Fruitfulness and Multiplication, in the exhibition De-con-structions, curated by Jose Drouin Brisebois at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, with the collaboration of Keith Seifert and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 14.04-03.09.2007 (photograph: Christopher Varady-Szabo). Used with the permission of the artist; all rights reserved.

  • ii

    CBS Biodiversity SeriesThe CBS Biodiversity Series is an international publication on filamentous fungi and yeasts and publishes systematic monographs related to all fields of mycology including biotechnology, ecology, molecular biology, pathology and systematics. For instructions to authors see http://www.cbs.knaw.nl.

    ExEcutivE EditorProf. dr dr hc Robert A. Samson, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail: r.samson@cbs.knaw.nl

    Layout EditorManon van den Hoeven-Verweij, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail: m.verweij@cbs.knaw.nl

    SciEntific EditorSProf. dr Dominik Begerow, Lehrstuhl fr Evolution und Biodiversitt der Pflanzen, Ruhr-Universitt Bochum, Universittsstr. 150, Gebude

    ND 44780, Bochum, Germany. E-mail: dominik.begerow@rub.deProf. dr Uwe Braun, Martin-Luther-Universitt, Institut fr Biologie, Geobotanik und Botanischer Garten, Herbarium, Neuwerk 21, D-06099

    Halle, Germany. E-mail: uwe.braun@botanik.uni-halle.deDr Paul Cannon, CABI and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, U.K.

    E-mail: p.cannon@kew.orgProf. dr Lori Carris, Associate Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6340, U.S.A.

    E-mail: carris@mail.wsu.eduProf. dr Pedro W. Crous, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail: p.crous@

    cbs.knaw.nl Prof. dr David M. Geiser, Department of Plant Pathology, 121 Buckhout Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA,

    U.S.A. 16802. E-mail: dgeiser@psu.edu Dr Johannes Z. Groenewald, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail:

    e.groenewald@cbs.knaw.nlProf. dr David S. Hibbett, Department of Biology, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, Massachusetts, 01610-1477, U.S.A. E-mail:

    dhibbett@clarku.eduProf. dr Hyeon-Dong Shin, Division of Environmental Science & Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea. E-mail:

    hdshin@korea.ac.krDr Lorelei L. Norvell, Pacific Northwest Mycology Service, 6720 NW Skyline Blvd, Portland, OR, U.S.A. 97229-1309. E-mail: llnorvell@

    pnw-ms.com Dr Erast Parmasto, Institute of Zoology & Botany, 181 Riia Street, Tartu, Estonia EE-51014. E-mail: e.parmasto@zbi.ee Prof. dr Alan J.L. Phillips, Faculdade de Cincias e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Quinta de Torre, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal.

    E-mail: alp@mail.fct.unl.ptDr Amy Y. Rossman, Rm 304, Bldg 011A, Systematic Botany & Mycology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, U.S.A. 20705. E-mail: amy@nt.ars-

    grin.gov Dr Keith A. Seifert, Research Scientist / Biodiversity (Mycology and Botany), Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, KW Neatby Bldg, 960 Carling

    Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A OC6. E-mail: seifertk@agr.gc.caDr Roger Shivas, Plant Pathology Herbarium, Agri-Science Queensland, Indooroopilly, Qld 4068, Australia. E-mail: roger.shivas@deedi.qld.

    gov.auDr Marc Stadler, InterMed Discovery GmbH, Otto-Hahn-Strae 15, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany. E-mail: Marc.Stadler@t-online.deProf. dr Jeffrey K. Stone, Department of Botany & Plant Pathology, Cordley 2082, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, U.S.A. 97331-

    2902. E-mail: stonej@bcc.orst.eduDr Richard C. Summerbell, 27 Hillcrest Park, Toronto, Ont. M4X 1E8, Canada. E-mail: summerbell@aol.com Prof. dr Brett Summerell, Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Mrs. Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. E-mail: brett.

    summerell@rbgsyd.nsw.gov.auProf. dr Ulf Thrane, Department of Systems Biology, Center for Microbial Biotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, Sltofts Plads 221,

    DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. E-mail: ut@bio.dtu.dk

    copyright 2011 CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

    Publication date: 1 April 2011

    Published and distributed by CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands.

    Internet: www.cbs.knaw.nl. E-mail: info@cbs.knaw.nl.

    ISBN/EAN : 978-90-70351-85-4Print ISSN : 1571-8859

    Visit www.generaofhyphomycetes.org for updates, corrections, additional information, and links.

  • iii

    THE GENERA of HYPHOMYCETES

    CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreUtrecht, The Netherlands

    An institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

    Keith Seifert Ph.D. (Utrecht)

    Biodiversity (Mycology and Botany), Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre,

    Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

    Gareth Morgan-Jones Ph.D. (Nottingham), D.Sc. (Wales)

    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Auburn University, Alabama, USA.

    Walter GamsPh.D. (Innsbruck)

    CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands (retired).

    Bryce Kendrick Ph.D., D.Sc. (Liverpool), F.R.S.C.

    Department of Biology,University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (retired).

    CBS Biodiversity Series 9

  • iv

    Keith Seifert has been with the Mycology Group of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, since 1990, after completing his Ph.D at CBS in 1985, and spending four years with Forintek Canada, Corp., in Ottawa. He is a specialist on synnematous hyphomycetes and the mycotoxigenic genera Fusarium and Penicillium, has published more than 150 papers on the tax-onomy of hyphomycetes, and is past chair of the International Commission on the Taxonomy of Fungi. He lives in a log house in a forest, where he throws Frisbees for dogs, and strums gui-tars. Dedicated with love to Charlene.

    Walter Gams recently retired from the CBS after 40 years studying the little-differentiated step-children of fungal taxon-omy: the zygomycete genera Mortierella and Umbelopsis, and acremonium-like and verticillium-like hyphomycetes. He was secretary of the nomenclatural Committee for Fungi for sev-eral years and still defends dual nomenclature. He is a coauthor of the well-known identification manual Compendium of Soil Fungi, and is an author of several hundred scientific papers. He teaches mycology as Professor at the Technical University in Aachen (Germany). He collaborates with many international colleagues, and is a patron of art and music, dividing his time between Baarn, the Netherlands, and his own segment of the medieval castle of Bomarzo, Italy.

    Bryce Kendrick retired as a professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Waterloo in 1994, after an active career as a teacher and researcher. Equally well known for his textbook The Fifth Kingdom, and his Kananaskis conference proceedings (Taxonomy of the Fungi Imperfecti and The Whole Fungus), Bryce was also an author of the Carmichael et al. pro-genitor of this book and about 300 other mycological publica-tions. He is now Principal of Mycologue Publications, based on Vancouver Island, and devotes much of his energy to environ-mental causes. Dedicated with love to Laurie.

    Gareth Morgan-Jones has been a tenured faculty member at Auburn University, Alabama, USA, for 38 years, holding the rank and title of Distinguished University Professor since 1994. Educated at the Universities of Wales and Nottingham, Eng-land, he previously held positions at the former Biosystematics Research Institute, Ottawa, and the Commonwealth Mycologi-cal Institute, Kew. He has published widely on the taxonomy of both coelomycetes and hyphomycetes, authoring or co-authoring over 250 papers. His avocations include cultivating his two-acre woodland garden, tending his bonsai collection, and breeding, exhibiting and judging pedigreed dogs, for which he is approved by the American Kennel Club.

    About the authors

    Keith with Seamus

    Walter with Chico

    Bryce with Chelsea

    Gareth with Tristan

  • vAcknowledgments ....................................................................................................................vi

    Introduction ...............................................................................................................................1I. Overview ...........................................................................................................................3II. Classification and phylogeny .............................................................................................4III. Nomenclature ..................................................................................................................25IV. Using the dictionary ........................................................................................................26V. Notes on illustrations .......................................................................................................54