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THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE & SONNETS 1485-1660. HISTORY OF THE TIME. World Influences England Decline of feudalism Vassals gave money to lords instead of military service Lords hired professionally trained military Money became source of power. HISTORY OF THE TIME. Renaissance Rebirth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE & SONNETS1485-1660HISTORY OF THE TIMEWorld Influences EnglandDecline of feudalismVassals gave money to lords instead of military serviceLords hired professionally trained militaryMoney became source of power

HISTORY OF THE TIMERenaissanceRebirthAwakened interest in science, art, literatureGreat advances made in education and scienceWorlds finest artists and writers created masterpieces

HISTORY OF THE TIMEProtestant Reformation 1517 German monk, Martin Luther protested against sale of indulgences and certain other practices of Catholic ChurchBeginning of a religious movement that led to ProtestantismHad influence on the social, political, and economic structure of Europe

ENGLANDS RULERSThe TudorsRoyal line began with Henry VII in 1485Son, Henry VIII spanned several wars and 6 marriages1530 Henry VIII broke with the catholic church and established the Church of EnglandCreated a lot of conflictsHenrys daughter, Elizabeth I came to the throne in 1558Turned England into a great sea power capable of defeating the Spanish ArmadaSupported cultural achievement

ENGLANDS RULERSThe StuartsElizabeth I dies in 1603Throne passed to cousin, James, King of ScotlandJames son, Charles I succeeds, dies in 1649ENGLANDS RULERSCromwellAfter Charles 1, England becomes a commonwealth ruled by Oliver CromwellPuritanCreated stable government and toleration of PuritansDies in 1658Monarchy restored and Charles Stuart, son of Charles I becomes King

LIFEExplorationWorldSought unknown landSought to convert people to ChristianitySkyGalileo build a telescopeConflicted with teachings of Catholic churchHuman bodyContributions to medicineVeins and arteries

LITERATURERenaissance PoetryMetaphysicalHighly intellectual poems characterized by complex thought, paradox, natural rhythms, harsh language, conceitA comparison between two very unlike thingsCavalierPoems about love, war, honorRenaissance DramaComedies, tragediesAll levels of society went to the theaterShakespearePuritan Parliament closed theaters in 1642 due to non-religious subject matterTHE SONNETDEFINITIONComes from Italian sonetto, a little sound or songHighly structured, 14 line poemExplores subjects of love and questions of mortality

HISTORY1300s Italian poet Francesco Petrarch popularized the sonnetBy the end of the 16th century, poets throughout Europe wrote sonnets

METER/RHYME PATTERNS14 linesIambic pentameterUnstressed followed by stressed syllables10 syllablesRhyme is based on last word of each lineTo find rhyme scheme, assign letters to each lines that rhyme

SONNET FORMSItalian SonnetPetrarchian sonnetFirst eight lines present a problem or situationLast six lines provide and answer or resolutionRhyme scheme:First 8 lines: abba, abbaLast 6: cdecde or cdcdcd

SONNET FORMSEnglish SonnetShakespearean SonnetAbab cdcd efef ggSplit into quatrains and a coupletQuestion/problem in first three quatrains, solution in couplet

SONNET FORMSSpenserian SonnetSir Edmund Spenser3 quatrains and a coupletRhyme scheme: abab bcbc cdcd ee


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