The Church Chapter 5 – Part 1 Theology ll Mr. Perrotti

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Text of The Church Chapter 5 – Part 1 Theology ll Mr. Perrotti

The Church

The ChurchChapter 5 Part 1Theology llMr. PerrottiPrayer for the ChurchIn reflection today, let us pray for our Church and all of its members. Remember our priests, bishops and Pope as they allow the Holy Spirit to guide them.

God created the Church as a means for us to share in the Mystical Body of Christ, his Kingdom. Today, ask the Holy Spirit to guide you there by example, service and worship.

The Four Marks of the ChurchThis should be a review:

OneHolyCatholicApostolicIn this Chapter we will get into more detail about each Mark and some of the growing pains of the early Church.The Church as OneThere is only One Church whose source of unity is the unity of God Himself.We can see the unity of the Church in its:

FaithWorship: Sunday MassLeadershipLeading us to the Mystical Body of ChristUnity of FaithThrough the Creed we process our faith and renew the promises we made at Baptism and Confirmation.The Catholic Church is the only Church with:The Unity of Doctrine Our Catechism and Canon The Unity of the SacramentsThe Unity of Government under a single head, our Pope.Unity of WorshipThe Liturgy of the WORD and Eucharist is the primary way that all Catholics are as One, Jesus gave us the seven sacraments to help us formally celebrate and grow in the Church as One.Whether or not the Eucharist is present, Jesus instructed the Church through service to others to act as ONE.Unity of LeadershipThrough the sacrament of Holy Orders given to us on the first Holy Thursday, Jesus appointed the first leaders (Bishops of the Church)His instruction was one of service to all (washing of the feet), celebrating the sacrament of the Eucharist (Do this in memory of me)He provided the Church with its first leaders The ApostlesThrough the Sacrament of Holy orders, the Churchs Apostolic Succession emerges and continues uninterrupted with the teachings and leadership of St. Peter.Unity of LeadershipThis sacred first council was formed by Christ but through faith in Him and the Eucharist.With that Creed, they grew the Church and its early leadership.Through the power of the Holy Spirit, God has revealed to our Church leaders His divine Love, Paschal Mystery and desire to serve us as we must serve Him.The Wounds of UnitySince the beginning of the early Church, divisions and diversity have arisen by Christians that threaten and sometimes Wound the Unity of the ChurchWe all remember the First Council of Jerusalem whenPeter solved the first real question of Christianity Who did Jesus come to save His decision to bring Christianity to all who wanted Baptism (not just for the Jews) helped solve one of the first great questions between Peter and Paul and the early Church leaders.The Wounds of UnityThe there are times when Christians reject the teachings and leadership of Christs Leaders The Pope and the Bishops. The wound usually take the form of one of the following:Apostasy the total rejection of the Christian faith by someone already baptizedHeresy the deliberate and persistent postbaptismal denial of the Faith taught by the ChurchSchism a postbaptismal refusal of unity with the Pope or the refusal of communion with the members of the Church The Schism of 1054ADThe Wounds of UnityAll of these are grave sins!The most tragic is a schism as it usually involves entire communities of baptized people.The two largest schisms of the Catholic Church came in 1054AD with the Great Schism of the Orthodox Church and in the 16 Century for which we refer to as The Protestant ReformationThe Wounds of UnityThe wound of unity and the grave sin that followed is only for those who caused and participated in full knowledge of the separation.Those who were born into the particular faiths and raised in the teachings of Christ have committed no sin.

Heresies in the Early ChurchWhat Is Heresy?To commit heresy, one must refuse to be correctedA person who is ready to be corrected or who is unaware that what he has been saying is against Church teaching is not a heretic. A person must be baptized to commit heresy. This means that movements that have split off from or been influenced by Christianity, but that do not practice baptism (or do not practice valid baptism), are not heresies, but separate religionsWhat Is Heresy?

Examples include Muslims, who do not practice baptism, and Jehovahs Witnesses, who do not practice valid baptism. Finally, the doubt or denial involved in heresy must concern a matter that has been revealed by God and solemnly defined by the Church For example the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, the sacrifice of the Mass, the Popes infallibility, or the Immaculate Conception and Assumption of MaryGnosticismThe Gnostics claimed a secret knowledge of Christ.That Jesus only revealed himself to a select few.They questioned Johns use of the word Logos saying that Jesus had come to give select knowledge to a few, not to all as described in the Gospels.The early Church opposed the Gnostic teaching that the Church is One (unity and communion with all).ArianismFourth CenturyDenied the divinity of the Son of God.They did not believe that anything coming from God could be equal to God which contradicted the Christian belief of the Holy Trinity and Jesus as the transcendent Son of God.The Arians did not believe in the Holy Trinity as being three persons in one God.This is the cornerstone of our Catholic Faith.ApollinarianismThese heretics denied Christ had a human mind and will.As Catholics we believe that the Son of God was made man through His incarnation.Jesus was truly man and divinely God.Jesus The Son of Man is the central teaching of the Gospels and the core of the Paschal Mystery.As a human, Jesus rose from the dead which is the core of our Faith.Nestorianism Their basic belief was that Christ was two persons, one human and one divine.Like the other heretics, this belief went against the essential mystery of faith of the Incarnation of Christ.That Jesus is fully divine and fully human.The resurrection of Christ is the most important event in our Christian Faith. The belief that Jesus was two persons contradicts this core belief directly.MonophysitismThese heretics believed that there was only one nature in Jesus Christ, not two.Their main belief was that the human nature of Jesus was incorporated into his divine nature like a drop of water is consumed by the ocean.As Catholics we believe that Jesus was as human as he was divine. His ministry was a result of both these separate and equal natures.Our Religious BeliefsWhere do our religious doctrines come from?The Deposit of Faith revealed to us by Christ during his ministryThe Cannon, the collection of sacred writing supported by the ChurchThe Catechism of the Catholic ChurchOur Dogma - a doctrine or body of doctrines concerning faith or morals formally stated and authoritatively proclaimed by our church HeavenThe Kingdom of Heaven!


The Church asks us the be Voices that Challenge