Tennessee Occupational Therapy Ethics and Jurisprudence
Course Description: Tennessee Occupational Therapy Ethics and Jurisprudence was designed to help therapy professionals with the ethical dilemmas they face in the workplace. This course is designed to meet the 2 hour Tennessee OT Board requirement for ethics and jurisprudence and promote a better understanding of ethics, morals and legal behavior in the hopes of facilitating a better decision making process for professionals in ethical situations. The information also includes the AOTA Occupational Therapy Code of Ethics and Ethics Standards, the occupational therapy portions of the Tennessee Code Annotated Title 63- Chapter 13: The Occupational and Physical Therapy Practice Act, the rules of the Tennessee Boardof Occupational Therapy Chapter 1150-02: General Rules Governing the Practice of OccupationalTherapy.
Course Author Darrell Smith, MPT, RN
Methods of Instruction: Online course available via internet
Target Audience: Occupational Therapists and Occupational Therapist Assistants
Educational Level: Intermediate
Course Goals and Objectives: At the completion of this course, participants should be able to:
1. Define Ethics2. Define Morality3. Identify the basic similarities and differences between ethics and morals4. Differentiate between common ethical theories5. Define determinants of moral and ethical behavior6. Understand the ethical decision-making process7. Interpret and apply the AOTAs Occupational Therapy Code of Ethics and Ethics Standards8. Understand and apply the occupational therapy portions of the Tennessee Code Annotated
Title 63- Chapter 13: The Occupational and Physical Therapy Practice Act9. Understand and apply the rules of the Tennessee Board of Occupational Therapy Chapter
1150-02: General Rules Governing the Practice of Occupational Therapy
Criteria for Obtaining Continuing Education Credits: A score of 70% or greater on the written post-test
1 of 54
DIRECTIONS FOR COMPLETING THE COURSE:
1. Review the goals and objectives for the course. 2. Review the course material. 3. We strongly suggest printing out a hard copy of the test. Mark your
answers as you go along and then transfer them to the actual test. A printable test can be found when clicking on View/Take Test in your My Account.
4. After reading the course material, when you are ready to take the test, go back to your My Account and click on View/Take Test.
5. A grade of 70% or higher on the test is considered passing. If you have not scored 70% or higher, this indicates that the material was not fully comprehended. To obtain your completion certificate, please re-read the material and take the test again.
6. After passing the test, you will be required to fill out a short survey. After the survey, your certificate of completion will immediately appear. We suggest that you save a copy of your certificate to your computer and print a hard copy for your records.
7. You have up to one year to complete this course from the date of purchase.
8. If you have a question about the material, please email it to: firstname.lastname@example.org and we will forward it on to the author. For all other questions, or if we can help in any way, please dont hesitate to contact us at email@example.com or 405-974-0164.
2 of 54
Tennessee Occupational Therapy Ethics and Jurisprudence
Occupational Therapy should be black and whiteright? You go to school, learn how to be a great therapist, graduate with the degree and then rush out to help the world. And usually, it works out that way and both patients
and therapists win. But more and more these days, well intentioned occupational therapists are running into situations where the lines between
right and wrong blur.where situations arent always black and white.where ethics plays a vital role.
As occupational therapists become more autonomous in their role as
healthcare providers, ethical situations are more likely to arise. This course is designed to educate therapists about ethics, to help them make good
ethical decisions and feel confident about those decisions.
What IS Ethics??
To better understand the concepts of occupational therapy ethics, it is good first to have an overview of the discipline of ethics. The word ethics is coined from the Greek word ethos which means character and from the Latin word mores which means customs. Together, they combine and define how individuals make a choice of interacting with one another. In the field of physical therapy, the study of ethics is categorized into normative or philosophical ethics and social scientific or descriptive ethics. Philosophical ethics mainly deals with what people are supposed to do and how they should carry themselves as well as the rationality in making such decisions. Social scientific ethics on the other hand focuses on the study of human ethical behavior with empirical or social scientific tools aiming at exploring the bases of human objectives and the bases of right and wrong human deeds that enhance or hinder these goals.
The significance of ethics is evidential on several levels. First, when people work in an ethical manner, they feel better about their profession and themselves. Second, ethics builds public trust which increases credibility of professions. Third, ethics promotes business at the organizational level. Businesses that are run ethically perform better than those run in an unethical manner.
3 of 54
Breaking down the basic definitions.
The Definition of Ethics A set of principles designed to determine right or wrong conduct. A theory or a system of moral values. The study of the general nature of morals and of the specific moral choices to be made by a person; moral philosophy. The rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession. The Definition of Moral Being concerned with principles of right and wrong or conforming to standards of behavior and character based on those principles. There are several sub-types of morality. Types of Morality Personal: values and duties you adopt as relevant
In its first, descriptive usage, morality means a code of conduct which is held to be authoritative in matters of right and wrong. Morals are created and defined by society, philosophy, religion, or individual conscience. An example of the descriptive usage could be "common conceptions of morality have changed significantly over time."
Societal: common denominator of shared beliefs
In its second, normative and universal sense, morality refers to an ideal code of conduct, one which would be espoused in preference to alternatives by all rational people, under specified conditions. In this "prescriptive" sense of morality as opposed to the above described "descriptive" sort of sense, moral value judgments such as "murder is immoral" are made. To deny 'morality' in this sense is a position known as moral skepticism, in which the existence of objective moral "truths" is rejected.
4 of 54
Group: shared by the group you belong to such as work, religious, social and professional groups
In its third usage, 'morality' is synonymous with ethics.
When confronted with an ethical distress or dilemma that needs a decision, there are really three levels in which an ethical decision needs to be made.
1. An ethical problem is one in which the practitioner is confronted by challenges or threats to his or her moral duties and values.
2. Ethical distress occurs when practitioners know the course of action they should take, but for whatever reason, they do not take it. They may be blocked from being the kind of person that they want to be and cannot do the things that they really want to do or they feel is right. There may be institutional or financial barriers.
3. An ethical dilemma is when there are two morally correct courses of action, but they cannot both be followed at the same time.
Ethics versus Morals
People often confuse the words ethics and morals sometimes using them interchangeably. Notably though, the two words are not identical. The term morals refer to practices whereas ethics usually refers to the rationale that support or oppose such practices. In short, morals are concerned with actions and ethics with reasoning behind such actions. Ethics is usually at a higher intellectual level, more universal, and more emotionally involved than morals.
From time immemorial, man has tried to come up with philosophical bases for determining what is wrong or right. With this several ethical theories have been proposed. Some of generally accepted ethical theories are utilitarianism, social contract theory, deontological theory, ethical intuitionism, ethical egoism, natural law theory and virtue ethics.
Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined only by what it can contribute to overall utility. Its worth is its contribution to happiness as summed among all people. It is a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome. Utilitarianism is sometimes described by the phrase "the greatest good for the greatest number of people". It is commonly known as "the greatest happiness principle".
5 of 54