Spiritual Development in Seaver College Students

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Spiritual Life Forum March 18, 2011 Don Thompson Cindy Miller-Perrin. Spiritual Development in Seaver College Students. Research Findings. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Spiritual Development in Seaver College Students

    Spiritual Life ForumMarch 18, 2011

    Don ThompsonCindy Miller-Perrin

  • *Research Findings

    Students experience significant changes in their spiritual development during their sophomore year, when they frequently go through formative crises with regard to their faith, identity, and sense of vocational calling or life purpose.

  • Literature Review Highlights

    Spirituality in Higher Education, UCLATempleton Symposium 2009Spiritual StrugglesOpenness to Religious PluralismCultivating the Spirit Astin, Astin, & LindholmChristian Smith, Notre DameMoralistic Therapeutic DeismEboo Patel, www.ifyc.orgBe Christ to all Tim Clydesdale, The College of New JerseyLilly Vocation Program Evaluation (book forthcoming)CCCU Spiritual Formation Indices

  • Lilly Endowment Vocation Research ProjectTim Clydesdale The College of New Jersey

    Vocation vs. ~Vocation SchoolsQuantitative & Qualitative MethodsCurrent Students and Alumni One Year OutBenefits of Vocation School InitiativesRetention Longer Term PerspectiveLife Discernment Resilience storms of life - GPGroup Subcultures Seek MentorshipSpiritual Maturity Balanced Lives

  • *The Sophomore Experience:College as Rite of Passage

    Rite of PassageDeparture, Initiation, Return

    Research Hypothesis & MeasuresStudent vocational development is formed by the intersection of faith development, identity development, and spiritual barriers.

    Longitudinal DesignThree consecutive 4-year cohorts300 item survey, sampled annually4000 undergraduate student participants

  • Ego Identity Status MeasureDiffusion: no exploration or commitment I havent really considered politics. It just doesnt excite me much.Foreclosure: no exploration, but commitment My parents decided a long time ago what I should go into for employment and Im following through with their plans.Moratorium: exploration without commitmentReligion is confusing to me right now. I keep changing my views on what is right and wrong for me.Achievement: exploration and commitmentIt took me a while to figure it out, but now I really know what I want for a career.*

  • Identity Development

    *Changes in Identity Development(Explore, Commit)

    Chart1

    19.1919.7523.3930.39

    18.317.7723.4230.09

    18.6717.392032.57

    17.716.5419.8134.04

    Diffusion (-,-)

    Foreclosure (-,+)

    Moratorium (+,-)

    Achievement (+,+)

    Sheet1

    First-YearSophomoreJuniorSenior

    Diffusion (-,-)19.1918.318.6717.7

    Foreclosure (-,+)19.7517.7717.3916.54

    Moratorium (+,-)23.3923.422019.81

    Achievement (+,+)30.3930.0932.5734.04

    Sheet1

    Diffusion (-,-)

    Foreclosure (-,+)

    Moratorium (+,-)

    Achievement (+,+)

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Faith Attitude Survey*

    SubscalesSample ItemsStrength of Beliefs (a = 0.73)I view myself as a religious person.I have doubts about whether my religious beliefs are true.Importance of Faith (a = 0.89)Religion is not a very important part of my life right now.My faith is not very important to me.Life Application of Faith (a = 0.92)I depend on my faith in God for decision-making and direction.I try hard to carry my religious beliefs into all other dealings in my life.

  • Changes in Faith Development*

    Chart1

    29.1540.8322.17

    27.7835.9621.93

    35.9635.5223.27

    34.7437.9122.23

    Belief Strength

    Behavior

    Application

    Sheet1

    First-YearSophomoreJuniorSenior

    Belief Strength29.1527.7835.9634.74

    Behavior40.8335.9635.5237.91

    Application22.1721.9323.2722.23

  • Vocational Discernment and Action*

    SubscalesSample ItemsDiscernment and Purpose( = .76)I have a good sense for my life purpose.I know of the many ways that I can use my gifts and talents within the context of my professional career.I am unsure about what God is specifically calling me to do.Service to Others( = .68)I am motivated to choose a career that will enable me to provide some type of service to others.I feel a deep sense of responsibility for reducing pain and suffering in the world.

  • Changes in Vocational Discernment & Action*

    Chart1

    43.613.64

    3.753.323.58

    4.253.364.32

    4.173.614.35

    Know Ways to Use Gifts and Talents

    Sense of God's Purpose for Life

    Feel Deep Responsibility to Reduce Suffering

    Sheet1

    First-YearSophomoreJuniorSenior

    Know Ways to Use Gifts and Talents43.754.254.17

    Sense of God's Purpose for Life3.613.323.363.61

    Feel Deep Responsibility to Reduce Suffering3.643.584.324.35

    Sheet2

  • Vocation Barriers*

    SubscalesBarriers to VocationPersonal FearEmotional ProblemsSelf-doubtLack of motivationInterpersonal A parentA friendA boy/girl friendA teacher or professorSocial and Cultural Lack of financial resourcesFeeling pressure or a desire to get marriedFeeling that my opportunities are limited by the gender stereotypes of society

  • Fall Christian Heritage SeriesDont forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll.

  • *Fall 2010 Christian Heritage Series Personal BarriersFear51%Selfishness 12%Parents 11%No Barriers26%

  • Changes in Vocational Barrier Perception*

    Chart1

    22.969.5214.5

    269.5614.43

    25.39.4814

    25.59913.43

    Personal

    Interpersonal

    Social & Cultural

    Sheet1

    First-YearSophomoreJuniorSenior

    Personal22.962625.325.59

    Interpersonal9.529.569.489

    Social & Cultural14.514.431413.43

    Sheet1

    Personal

    Interpersonal

    Social & Cultural

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • *Key Intervention Sophomore YearInternational Program Experience

  • Strength of Belief Scores First-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    23.1623.11

    23.1622.68

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP23.1623.16

    No IP23.1122.68

  • Faith Importance Scores First-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    7.897.27

    8.768.35

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP7.898.76

    No IP7.278.35

  • Faith Behavior Scores First-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    28.9427.23

    25.8324.97

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP28.9425.83

    No IP27.2324.97

  • Faith Application ScoresFirst-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    18.8119.51

    19.718.19

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP18.8119.7

    No IP19.5118.19

  • Discernment Scores First-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    21.3823.16

    23.5722.54

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP21.3823.57

    No IP23.1622.54

  • Service ScoresFirst-Year and Senior Time Periods*

    Chart1

    11.2412.4

    12.611.97

    IP

    No IP

    Sheet1

    First-YearSenior Year

    IP11.2412.6

    No IP12.411.97

  • Factors Contributing to Spiritual Growth in International ProgramsTravelDeparture & InitiationMentoringInitiationCommunityInitiation & Return

    *

  • TravelWhat has been the most spiritually challenging part of your International Program experience?

    This has been the hardest but also the best year of my life. Living overseas forced me to either embrace or reject what I have believed all my life. It removed my safety nets.I have grown through having to lean on God in almost every situation: from traveling to school to just living in a different culture, speaking another language. My month long trip to Africa between semesters challenged my sense of self.Traveling alone over Christmas Vacation showed me how to depend on the grace of God for support. A person I met in Greece helped me realize my selfishness, making me want to be more generous.

    *

  • MentoringWho has been most instrumental in helping you grow spiritually? Why?

    One of the other students in the program made me challenge myself and helped me grow spiritually.The host family impacted me the most because we are in worship with them and they are the leaders that we look up to in the house. When I felt weak, my faculty mom knew and was someone that would come up to me and ask what was wrong. She would help me understand and trust in God. The host family made me feel at home and always made time to check on me and how I was doing. The program assistant had a great impact on me spiritually this semester through her incredible yet humble display of faith. She is such an inspirational woman of God.

    *

  • CommunityHow has the community of the international program experience enhanced your spiritual growth?

    Our weekly, student led Bible studies & student run worship have had the greatest spiritual impact on me.Women's small group and student-led worship were an AMAZING support system. The best community I've ever had. This is my home away from home.The guys small group was a time where we could be open and honest. I have grown more here in my spirituality than I did at home and all of that growth was due to other students. Simply by living with and engaging with such incredible individuals, who have not only helped me through difficult times, but who have encouraged me to seek God more, I've experienced a growth in spirituality.

    *

  • *Conclusions & RecommendationsSophomores Experience Dramatic Spiritual ChangeInternational living and learning experiences facilitate greater growth in faith, sense of life purpose, and identitySignificant opportunities for personal growth occur when s