Analysis of all of the IGCSE english selected poems.
Conditions26/03/2014 09:32Nature is greater than man, and there is a contrast between the beauty and danger of the snake Despite that we think that we are greater than some animals we still fear them. "We lost breath" shows how they are captivated by nature. "Our eyes went with him" Show they exercise caution, and are in fear and awe. "Froze half-through pace" The snake has memorized the poem and captured their curiosity.
Contrast between beauty and ferocity. "great black snake" Great: heroic and majestic, Black: fearful and powerful. "quested" shows the determination, connotations of quest indicative of noble qualities.
TitleHunting SnakeCould be verb or adjectiveRhymeABAB ends at last stanza when rhyme scheme changes to ABCASudden shock at passing dangerStructure"Last seasons grace"SettingImageryIndian summer"Autumn's gentlest sky"False sense of calm"sun warmed" to "froze half through a pace"Transition through juxtaposition"the great back snake went reeling by"Implies narrators end of thoughtDegree of tension"quested through the passing grass"Nobel qualitiesHow grass parts, gives gravitas to the snakeConnotations of powerHunting Snake26/03/2014 09:32
This was my poem, so I have no notes on it. If someone would like to type up their notes and send them I will be happy to compile and attribute them.Composed Upon Westminster Bridge26/03/2014 09:32
Disillusionment of youth"At first he seems quite satisfied to [..] but soon he turned to jog in crooked rings""A path between the wainscot and the door, but soon he turned to jog in crooked rings"Confusion"Circling the rusty table leg and back""He looked uncertain where to go""Was this due payment for some vicious crime"Vulnerability"Circling the rusty table leg"Represents troubles in the poets lifeInstead of dealing with it he goes around itFear of changeRhyme schemeABAB to ABCABLinks to theme of confusionAt start is regular, becomes changingFlows, linking to time passing without faultMetaphors and AllegoryPoet realizes that he is similar in many ways to the cockroachCockroach is an extended metaphor for life itselfEnjambment"At first he seemed quite satisfied to trace a path"DescriptionDescription is limited, and the poet focusing on the message he is trying to conveyThe Cockroach26/03/2014 09:32Different parts are used as metaphors to explain the stages of life
Three main themesUrbanizationEverything is mathematical and planned out"All spaces are gridded"Explored the idea that all spaces are planned under the city structureSuggests nothing in the city is except from city planningEvery area is forced into defined areas"The piling will not stop, the drilling goes right through"Portrays ceaseless nature of these actionsUnstoppableDestroying the landModernization vs Nature"They erased the flaws"They suggest the natural flaws of the earthIronic that the poet write of building in order to erase flaws, suggesting that without man nature is flawed"Even the sea draws back, and the skies surrender"Insurmountable powerHuman > NatureLoss of identityWe come from nature, by erasing "blemishes of the past" and making "history new again" we are replacing the rich historyCounter evolutionThrough these themes the battle between human and nature is illustratedPower of three"Anesthesia, amnesia, hypnosis"ManipulatingFalse belief of perfectionLink to plastic surgeryPersonification"Even the sea draws back"Personifies sea as animalAdds power to humansThrough research, poem is personification of SingaporeMetaphor HyperboleImageryDictionExam questions"How does the poet explore the power of man over nature?""How is the loss of originality so effectively conveyed?"The Planners26/03/2014 09:32"How are the poets personal feelings towards the planners conveyed?"
Nostalgia"A door in the mind blows open and a frost wind blows in from the fields of snow"Mind shows her memorySnow is description from her pastFrosty nature of the wind shows sad nature and relates to her being home sick.Nature vs Man"art also tidily plotted with a guide book"Nature is wild and freeThe city is placed and contained in the cityThe city manipulates the nature fitHuman Identity"People are made by places"Nature and nurtureOrigin is the base of identityWho they are is based on where they come from."They carry with them"Implying her identity is better because she is from the country rather than the cityStructureTitle conveys the main theme, Human IdentityLong run-on sentence reflects how mind work, flowingSimple language shows ideas created in the mindBreak in stanza shows split between break and countryPuts them in parallel, even though they are greatly different.Her images of the city are generic, and it is shown that she is reflecting on her own city in Canada.Comparison between urban and natural CanadaFirst and second stanza are very differentLanguage becomes more advancedFocuses on structure and descriptionWhere I Come From26/03/2014 09:32Throughout the poem she speaks on what her view of the city is, and how she compares it to the country.
Basic PlotBegins with a young man meeting his depressed, bankrupt father.Father is mean and jealous of the success of the son.The father offers the son a cup of tea, after which he calms down and they have a casual conversation.Displays modesty and humbleness towards his son.A fly enters the room, at which point the father goes mad and tries without success to kill the fly.Becomes emotional, discussing his failure triggered by the inability to kill the fly.The son shows pity, and offers money.Father gets mad again, attacking the son and asking why he didn't offer money earlier.
The father trying to kill the fly is an illustration of how the father is trying to fix his mistakes. The ointment represents how money and wealth is splitting the family apart.
The son is a successful professors, and shows kindness towards his father."I must see him"Shows urgency and high position as is not used to being told 'no'.When he went to see his father he becomes embarrassed with his father and his ineptitude to run a company, however shows remorse for his actions.
The father is shown as a demanding and arrogant person, who sees bankruptcy as a positive thing and will do anything the maintain face.Soft, warm and kindHarsh, scary and intimidatingShown to be cunning"Like a fox"
Relationship between the father and sonDysfunctionalLarge contrast between the personalitiesFather has huge greedLeads to important question, "Can nature change?"Father-son relationship is ever changingInitially, seem like good friends or business partners"Hello, old chap. This is very nice of you"Overly ceremonious Topic becomes more passive aggressive, father is shown to have two faces."The son noticed for the first time that his Father has two faces"Become critical of each other"Smiling aggressively""If I were not an optimist I wouldn't be here"Passive aggressionSon becomes embarrassed of his fatherFather has always been a powerful business man, tables have been flipped and son is more powerful than his father.Father becomes jealous of his sons success, and doesn't want to lose faith.
Fly becomes a physical manifestation of the fathers problems, and his need to get rid of it shows how strong his reaction, and his weakness.Fly has negative connotationsSon suggests the father opens a window and lets the fly out, showing his passive opinion. The father needs to attack it, showing a high level of aggression. The Fly in the Ointment26/03/2014 09:32
Could be compared to sandpiper. The story is told as a flashback, by the stories main protagonist, Tanner.Main Characters Tanner An orphan from Lincolnshire sent to New Zealand as a servant. He meets Kitty, his future wife while at work. As they settle in, Kitty revealed that she is pregnant. During this period, he becomes much more nervous and fidgety, constantly running around and trying to get things done. However, that is out of his determination to help his wife to the best of his abilities. Kitty Tanners wife, she met him while working as a servant. She persuaded Tanner to learn how to write and formed his base on which he could anchor to. During her pregnancy, she is remarkably calm and quiet. Minor Characters Brinkman Tanners neighbor, he comes around twice every year to have dinner with them. However, by a coincidence, his visit is on the day that Kitty goes into labor. He blatantly refuses to leave without food, complaining that he was counting on this dinner. Although he is a pest, Tanner and Kitty manage to deliver the baby safely. The doctor The local doctor has almost no business due to the low rates of illness in the area. He is concise and to the point, and never wastes time. He is the one who finds that Tanner had accidentally thrown away the second baby and manages to save it. Parrish A town local who is a pigeon-racing enthusiast, Parrish lends two racing pigeons to Tanner in order to contact the doctor if needed. Exposition Tanner is introduced Background (family, place of origin, etc.) Situation Details of how Tanner and Kitty meet Setting the scene; they move to Hiruharama Rising Action Revelation of the child Tanner going to the doctor, obtaining medicine Borrowing racing pigeons from Parrish Brinkman arriving for dinner while Kitty is in labor Climax Tanner writing a letter to the doctor Tanner helping Kitty while Brinkman complains Falling Action The doctor arriving right after the baby was delivered Tanner greeting the doctor, covered in blood Brinkman continuing to complain Resolution The doctor discovering that the afterbirth was a twin The narration ending, concluding with Throw Nothing Away and the lives of the two girls. At Hiruharama26/03/2014 09:32
ThemesMarriageTwo failed marriagesImportance of educationThe mother is educated as a worker, teaching her how to do hard work. The boy is educated in etiquette and language and this difference