Social Action Media: Indymedia. What? â€Triggered by discontent with the mainstream media’ IMC UK

  • View
    212

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Social Action Media: Indymedia. What? â€Triggered by discontent with the mainstream...

  • Slide 1
  • Social Action Media: Indymedia
  • Slide 2
  • What? Triggered by discontent with the mainstream media IMC UK
  • Slide 3
  • Discontent with Professionalism, recruitment and control Institutional interface Culture and discourse Corporate ownership Commodification
  • Slide 4
  • Professionalism, recruitment & control I dont say youre self-censoring - Im sure you believe everything youre saying; but what Im saying is, if you believed something different, you wouldnt be sitting where youre sitting (Chomsky to Andrew Marr, BBC, 1996). various studies indicate that a small increase in the selectivity of an organization often results in a disproportionate large decrease in the investments required for control (Etzioni) The control function of institutions entails that performances desired by organizational norms will be rewarded while undesirable performances will be punished (Etzioni)
  • Slide 5
  • Class: proportion of top 100 journalists in news and current affairs who have a private school background: 49% in 1986 54% in 2006 45% attended Oxbridge universities As late as 1999 only the Guardian had any ethnic minorities in its editorial staff Guardian, The Times, Daily Telegraph, Mirror, Sun, Observer, News of the World, Mail on Sunday, and Sunday Mirror shared 13 journalists or reporters employed from ethic minority groups By 2005 only 9% of national newspaper editors were female
  • Slide 6
  • Powerful occupational mythology Occupational ideology of journalism = common sense nose for news = over-reliance on official sources = institutional interface = narrow focus/narrow news net = reactive journalism
  • Slide 7
  • Culture and Discourse A society will share a language or discursive structure of comprehension Institutional language and official terms dominate other groups have difficulty in being heard (as sources) and understood Think of the no borders movement
  • Slide 8
  • Corporate ownership Time Warner Book Group Warner Books The Mysterious Press Warner Vision Warner Business Books Aspect Warner Faith Warner Treasures TW Kids Little, Brown and Company Little, Brown Adult Trade
  • Slide 9
  • Little, Brown Books for Young Readers Back Bay Bulfinch Press Time Warner Book Group UK Time Warner Audio Books Time Inc. Southern Progress Corporation Sunset Books Oxmoor House Leisure Arts Time Warner - Cable HBO CNN
  • Slide 10
  • CNN International CNN en Espanol CNN Headline News CNN Airport Network CNN fn CNN Radio CNN Interactive Court TV (with Liberty Media) Time Warner Cable Road Runner New York 1 News (24 hour news channel devoted only to NYC) Kablevision (53.75% - cable television in Hungary)
  • Slide 11
  • In Demand Metro Sports (Kansas City) Time Warner Inc. - Film & TV Production/Distribution Warner Bros. Warner Bros. Studios Warner Bros. Television (production) The WB Television Network Warner Bros. Television Animation Hanna - Barbera Cartoons Telepictures Production Witt - Thomas Productions Castle Rock Entertainment
  • Slide 12
  • Warner Home Video Warner Bros. Domestic Pay - TV Warner Bros. Domestic Television Distribution Warner Bros. International Television Distribution The Warner Channel (Latin America, Asia - Pacific, Australia, Germ.) Warner Bros. International Theaters (owns/operates multiplex theaters in over 12 countries) Time Warner Inc. - Magazines Time Time Asia Time Atlantic Time Canada
  • Slide 13
  • Time Latin America Time South Pacific Time Money Time For Kids Fortune All You Business 2.0 Life Sports Illustrated Sports Illustrated International SI for Kids Inside Stuff Money Your Company
  • Slide 14
  • Your Future People Who Weekly (Australian edition) People en Espaol Teen People Entertainment Weekly EW Metro The Ticket In Style Southern Living Progressive Farmer Southern Accents Cooking Light
  • Slide 15
  • The Parent Group Parenting Baby Talk Baby on the Way This Old House Sunset Sunset Garden Guide The Health Publishing Group Health Hippocrates Coastal Living Weight Watchers Real Simple Asiaweek (Asian news weekly) President (Japanese business monthly)
  • Slide 16
  • Dancyu (Japanese cooking) Wallpaper (U.K.) Field & Stream Freeze Golf Magazine Outdoor Life Popular Science Salt Water Sportsman Ski Skiing Magazine Skiing Trade News SNAP Snowboard Life Ride BMX
  • Slide 17
  • Today's Homeowner TransWorld Skateboarding TransWorld Snowboarding Verge Yachting Magazine Warp American Express Publishing Corporation (partial ownership/management) Travel & Leisure Food & Wine Your Company Departures SkyGuide
  • Slide 18
  • Magazines listed under Warner Brothers label DC Comics Vertigo Paradox Milestone Mad Magazine Online Services CompuServe Interactive Services AOL Instant Messenger AOL.com portal Digital City AOL Europe ICQ The Knot, Inc. - wedding content (8 % with QVC 36% and Hummer WinbladFunds18%)
  • Slide 19
  • MapQuest.com - pending regulatory approval Spinner.com Winamp DrKoop.com (10%) Legend (49% - Internet service in China) Time Warner - Online/Other Publishing Road Runner Warner Publisher Services Time Distribution Services American Family Publishers (50%) Pathfinder Africana.com Time Warner - Merchandise/Retail Warner Bros. Consumer Products
  • Slide 20
  • Theme Parks Warner Brothers Recreation Enterprises (owns/operates international theme parks) Time Warner Inc. - Turner Entertainment TBS Superstation Turner Network Television (TNT) Turner South Cartoon Network Turner Classic Movies Cartoon Network in Europe Cartoon Network in Latin America TNT & Cartoon Network in Asia/Pacific Film Production New Line Cinema
  • Slide 21
  • Fine Line Features Turner Original Productions Sports Atlanta Braves Other Operations Turner Learning CNN Newsroom (daily news program for classrooms) Turner Adventure Learning (electronic field trips for schools) Turner Home Satellite Turner Network Sales
  • Slide 22
  • Other Netscape Communications Netscape Netcenter portal AOL MovieFone iAmaze Amazon.com (partial) Quack.com Streetmail (partial) Switchboard (6%)
  • Slide 23
  • Who owns Time Warner? U.S. Trust Co, Capital Research, Axa, Barclays Bank, Citygroup bank, Wellington Management Company, State Street Corporation, Dodge Street and Cox etc = 73% Individuals Ted Turner, Steven Case, Mark Reuben 1% Others (inc. 1000s of individuals) 26%
  • Slide 24
  • What do they want? Profit/return on the investments! = Commodity form: Media products bought and sold (even BBC) Subject to commodity relations, property claims, copyright etc. Problems of distributing non-commodities
  • Slide 25
  • Supported by the widespread availability of media technologies IMC UK handy-cams, VHS recorders, digital video and still cameras, PC editing, internet distribution, web interface Use of tech contrasted with MSM
  • Slide 26
  • new technologies, multi-media news production and associated practices of multi-skilling at this [Bristol] BBC newscentre have, despite corporate and management claims to the contrary, contributed to the production of more standardised news treatments and formats, and led to more superficial journalist involvement with selected news stories and their sources (Cottle)
  • Slide 27
  • Founded before 1999 Seattle anti-WTO protests May Day 2000, UK Indymedia in operation From 2002/3, Indymedia starts decentralising/glocalising Dozens of collectives around the world New collectives start all the time; just have to agree to Mission Statement and Principles of Unity.
  • Slide 28
  • Principles Each collective writes Mission Statement and editorial guidelines Generally, Open publishing Open participation (in everything from tech to legal) via emailing lists, IRC, meetings & activity Volunteer-run Non-commercial Transparent Technologically independent (open source) Non-hierarchical No prior restraint
  • Slide 29
  • Slide 30
  • Function(s)/ing Facilitates radical democracy Support local community Support for social movements, protests, activists Runs outreach, training, film nights, documentary production, radio projects Links to social centres Global solidarity Specific actions climate camps
  • Slide 31
  • Bus passenger revolt public meeting Launch of a book about dissent in Bristol Occupation of a local swimming pool building Grass roots climate change initiatives Court case against anti-GMO protestors Police action against Bristol IMC Bristol Latin American Forum List of CIA torture planes Proposal to add more street art to a public parks Public meeting about public space in the city A green conference Animal Liberation Front action Politician receiving a visit from police An occupied council building BNP collaboration with Christian group Protest against a government ministers visit Universities ban Coca Cola Educational exclusion in Bristol (R). Typical front page content on Bristol Indymedia web site
  • Slide 32
  • BBC Bristol on the same day Overspend by a regional hospital Pros and cons of health privatisation Arson attack The smashing of an international drugs ring Road closure after gas leak Shotgun incident Speeding motorcyclist
  • Slide 33