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  • Smart GridsDick Kronman, ABB Oy, 21.3.2012

    From Vision to Reality

  • Introducing ABB

  • ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 3

    A global leader in power and automation technologiesLeading market positions in main businesses

    135,000 employees in about 100 countries

    $38 billion in revenue (2011)

    Formed in 1988 merger of Swiss and Swedish engineering companies

    Predecessors founded in 1883 and 1891

    Publicly owned company with head office in Switzerland

  • Power systems

    Discrete automation and motion

    Europe

    Asia

    Americas

    Middle East and Africa

    Well-balanced business and geographic portfolioCapturing growth opportunities, wherever they arise

    Share of employees2011

    47%

    Mature markets

    Emerging markets

    Power products

    Process automation

    Low voltage products

    53%

    25%

    21%22%

    12%

    20%

    Orders by division% of total orders 2011 (non-consolidated)

    38%

    30%

    23%

    9%

    Orders by region% of total orders 2011

  • ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 5

    Leading power systems biggest-ever transformationSmarter, greener grid for more efficiency and reliability

    Merging power and automation technologies makes electricity network more reliable, flexible, secure and efficient. Smart grid benefits include:

    Lower power consumption

    Greater use of renewable energy

    ABBs broad offering in both power and automation technologies positions it uniquely to support this evolution

    Transformation of grid to take place over several decades

  • Transformation of the electricity supply

  • Worldwide drivers for a different typeof electricity supply

    GrowthPopulationEconomy in particular in emerging countries

    SustainabilityPollution locallyClimate change globallyLimitation of resources

    Acceptance: difficulties in building infrastructure

    Substitution: importance of electricity is still growing, outpacing all other types of energy (IEA)

    Development of electricity supply and applicationis the key to more sustainability.

  • ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 8

    Todays energy challengesCut link between growth, energy use and emissions

    Meeting these challenges requires the world to:

    Reduce the correlation between economic growth

    and energy use

    Reduce the correlation between energy use and

    emissions

    Energy

    efficiency

    Renewable sources

    of energy

  • The case for energy efficiencyThe main source of potential emissions reductions

    20

    25

    30

    35

    40

    2008 20352020 *Carbon capture and storage

    CO2 emissions (Gt)

    World energy-related CO2 savings potential by policy measure under 450 Policy Scenario relative to Current Policies ScenarioSource: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2010

    Current trend

    450 Policy Scenario

    ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 9

    2020 2035

    Efficiency 71% 48%

    Renewables 18% 21%

    Biofuels 1% 3%

    Nuclear 7% 8%

    CCS* 2% 19%

  • European SmartGrids Technology Platform

  • Evolution of grid designFrom traditional to future grids

    Centralized power generation

    One-directional power flow

    Generation follows load

    Operation based on historical experience

    Limited grid accessibility for new producers

    Centralized and distributed power generation

    Intermittent renewable power generation

    Consumers become also producers

    Multi-directional power flow

    Load adapted to production

    Operation based more on real-time data

    trad

    ition

    al g

    rids

    futu

    re g

    rids

  • A new generation mixFundamental changes

    Remote generation in big plantsWind power, in particular offshoreHydro power the Alps, Scandinavia

    Distributed generation in small unitsPhotovoltaicCombined heat and power generation

    Volatile generationWind powerSolar power

    Consequences all over the system of power generation, transmission, distribution and consumption.

    In the end this will require a new system design.

  • Managing the challenge

  • European Electricity Grid Initiative

    EEGI Focus Areas

    Source: Entso-e, Edso for SG 2010

  • European Drivers of Grid DevelopmentRegional Differences in Political Targets

    8 / 19

    Common to all countries

    Common to allcountries

    Germany UK

    Spain

    Decentral power

    generation

    A

    Smartstorage

    B

    Smart meter

    C

    Smart consumption

    DPower quality

    regulation

    F

    Electricity demand

    G

    Costregulation

    H

    NordicItaly

    FranceUK

    NordicItaly

    UKFrance

    Common to allcountries

    Common to all coun-tries in case of eco-nomic breakthrough

    e-VehiclesE

    Common to all countries

  • Power sources example GermanyFrom hundreds to millions

  • MWWind production

    Source :

    Statnett

    Integration of renewables also brings many challengesExample - balancing demand and supply in real-time

    Unpredictable / intermittent

    Need for balancing reserves

    Legislation / incentives for renewables

    Negative tariffs

    The effect of heavy wind power feed-in on tariffs

    Base: -35,57Peak 9,47Max(18) 42,59Min (7) -199,99

    Source: EnBW, 2010

    100

    50

    0

    -50

    -100

    -150

    -200

    -250

    /MWh

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

    hour

  • information and communication technologies (ICT)

    Demand responseOne important driver for smart cities

    Smart Home

    power technologies buildingautomation

    new

    inte

    rcon

    nect

    ion

    in S

    mar

    t Grid

    s

    Smart Grid

    building automation

    electronic meter

    visualization,actors

    gateway

  • Renewable energy from volatile sourcesConsequences in energy consumption

    Price spread between system compliant and non-compliant consumption will increase

    Storage within applications can be utilized

    Heating and cooling

    Electric vehicles

    But

    Consumers will not be willing to loose control

    Consumers will not acceptloss of comfort

    Automation

  • Distributed generationConsequences in distribution networks

    Bigger variety of working points caused by distributed generationVoltage control becomes more and more difficult in rural gridsNew protection schemes requiresCommunications access to generation units requiredU

    l

    U

    consumption onlywith distributed generation Distribution networks will

    need more remote supervision and control.

  • Smart Grid and Power Distribution

    Traditional Automation AreasDistribution Control Centers

    Network management SCADA/DMSOutage ManagementWorkforce management

    Primary Substation AutomationIntegrated Protection, Control and Monitoring

    New Automation Areas Secondary Distribution - MV Network

    Fault Passage IndicationMonitoring of Voltages and CurrentsRemote Control of switchesSelective Protection with breakers along feeders

    Secondary Distribution - LV NetworkIntelligent breakers for protection and control of the LV gridSmart meters with fault indication capabilities

    Asset ManagementOn-line Condition Monitoring

    Penetration of automation deeper in the grid

  • Zones based on consumption criticality and disturbance vulnerability

    Substation zones and tapped line zones

    Zone Concept for MV networks Reducing risks and consequences of faults

  • When Grids Get SmartCommunication Gains Importance

  • Virtual Power Plants - VPP

    Applications:

    Peak reductions

    Offset intermittent generation

    Improve forecasting

    Spinning reserve

  • Smart Cities

  • Urbanization is a global megatrend and challenge

    Month DD, Year | Slide 27 ABB Group

    The worlds fastest growing cities

    The top 600 cities*

    Additional fast growing cities

    Urban population will increase from 50% to 70% by 2050 globally

    2.9 billion people will move to cities in the next 40 years

    Over 90% of urban growth will take place in emerging countries

    In 2025 the 600 biggest cities will contribute 60% of global GDP

    Already today cities consume over 75% of natural resources

    *The top 600 cities by contribution to global GDP growth from 2007 to 2025 (McKinsey 2011)Source: McKinsey 2011, UNEP 2009

  • Smart Cities show attractive growth rates of 18%

    100 billion investment in core technologies* from 2010 to 2020

    Highest investments in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific

    Almost 40% of total investments are in Utilities

    Month DD, Year | Slide 28 ABB Group

    $-

    $4 000

    $8 000

    $12 000

    $16 000

    2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020

    Smart Government

    Smart Building

    Smart Transport

    Smart Utilities

    Annual Smart City Investment by Industry Segment

    12.6%

    26.3%

    17.5%

    20.1%

    Compound Annual Growth Rate

    *Core technologies: Sensors, smart meters, fiber networks, software, other hardware and software that provide basis for smart city Source: Pike Research 2011

    Million US $

  • ABB Smart City Projects

  • Kalasatama Smart Grid FinlandBuilding a smart city in the heart of Helsinki

    Key objectives

    Develop a model area for a smart power grid in the new Kalasatama district

    Help to lo

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