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<ul><li><p>Smart GridsDick Kronman, ABB Oy, 21.3.2012</p><p>From Vision to Reality</p></li><li><p>Introducing ABB</p></li><li><p> ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 3</p><p>A global leader in power and automation technologiesLeading market positions in main businesses</p><p>135,000 employees in about 100 countries</p><p>$38 billion in revenue (2011)</p><p>Formed in 1988 merger of Swiss and Swedish engineering companies</p><p>Predecessors founded in 1883 and 1891</p><p>Publicly owned company with head office in Switzerland</p></li><li><p>Power systems</p><p>Discrete automation and motion</p><p>Europe</p><p>Asia</p><p>Americas</p><p>Middle East and Africa</p><p>Well-balanced business and geographic portfolioCapturing growth opportunities, wherever they arise</p><p>Share of employees2011</p><p>47%</p><p>Mature markets</p><p>Emerging markets</p><p>Power products</p><p>Process automation</p><p>Low voltage products</p><p>53%</p><p>25%</p><p>21%22%</p><p>12%</p><p>20%</p><p>Orders by division% of total orders 2011 (non-consolidated)</p><p>38%</p><p>30%</p><p>23%</p><p>9%</p><p>Orders by region% of total orders 2011</p></li><li><p> ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 5</p><p>Leading power systems biggest-ever transformationSmarter, greener grid for more efficiency and reliability</p><p>Merging power and automation technologies makes electricity network more reliable, flexible, secure and efficient. Smart grid benefits include:</p><p>Lower power consumption</p><p>Greater use of renewable energy</p><p>ABBs broad offering in both power and automation technologies positions it uniquely to support this evolution</p><p>Transformation of grid to take place over several decades</p></li><li><p>Transformation of the electricity supply</p></li><li><p>Worldwide drivers for a different typeof electricity supply</p><p>GrowthPopulationEconomy in particular in emerging countries</p><p>SustainabilityPollution locallyClimate change globallyLimitation of resources</p><p>Acceptance: difficulties in building infrastructure</p><p>Substitution: importance of electricity is still growing, outpacing all other types of energy (IEA) </p><p>Development of electricity supply and applicationis the key to more sustainability.</p></li><li><p> ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 8</p><p>Todays energy challengesCut link between growth, energy use and emissions</p><p>Meeting these challenges requires the world to:</p><p>Reduce the correlation between economic growth </p><p>and energy use</p><p>Reduce the correlation between energy use and </p><p>emissions</p><p>Energy</p><p>efficiency</p><p>Renewable sources</p><p>of energy</p></li><li><p>The case for energy efficiencyThe main source of potential emissions reductions</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>30</p><p>35</p><p>40</p><p>2008 20352020 *Carbon capture and storage</p><p>CO2 emissions (Gt)</p><p>World energy-related CO2 savings potential by policy measure under 450 Policy Scenario relative to Current Policies ScenarioSource: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2010</p><p>Current trend</p><p>450 Policy Scenario</p><p> ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 9</p><p>2020 2035</p><p>Efficiency 71% 48%</p><p>Renewables 18% 21%</p><p>Biofuels 1% 3%</p><p>Nuclear 7% 8%</p><p>CCS* 2% 19%</p></li><li><p>European SmartGrids Technology Platform</p></li><li><p>Evolution of grid designFrom traditional to future grids</p><p>Centralized power generation</p><p>One-directional power flow</p><p>Generation follows load</p><p>Operation based on historical experience</p><p>Limited grid accessibility for new producers</p><p>Centralized and distributed power generation</p><p>Intermittent renewable power generation</p><p>Consumers become also producers</p><p>Multi-directional power flow</p><p>Load adapted to production </p><p>Operation based more on real-time data</p><p>trad</p><p>ition</p><p>al g</p><p>rids</p><p>futu</p><p>re g</p><p>rids</p></li><li><p>A new generation mixFundamental changes</p><p>Remote generation in big plantsWind power, in particular offshoreHydro power the Alps, Scandinavia</p><p>Distributed generation in small unitsPhotovoltaicCombined heat and power generation</p><p>Volatile generationWind powerSolar power</p><p>Consequences all over the system of power generation, transmission, distribution and consumption.</p><p>In the end this will require a new system design.</p></li><li><p>Managing the challenge</p></li><li><p>European Electricity Grid Initiative</p><p>EEGI Focus Areas</p><p>Source: Entso-e, Edso for SG 2010</p></li><li><p>European Drivers of Grid DevelopmentRegional Differences in Political Targets</p><p>8 / 19</p><p>Common to all countries</p><p>Common to allcountries</p><p>Germany UK</p><p>Spain</p><p>Decentral power </p><p>generation</p><p>A</p><p>Smartstorage</p><p>B</p><p>Smart meter</p><p>C</p><p>Smart consumption</p><p>DPower quality</p><p>regulation</p><p>F</p><p>Electricity demand</p><p>G</p><p>Costregulation</p><p>H</p><p>NordicItaly</p><p>FranceUK</p><p>NordicItaly</p><p>UKFrance</p><p>Common to allcountries</p><p>Common to all coun-tries in case of eco-nomic breakthrough</p><p>e-VehiclesE</p><p>Common to all countries</p></li><li><p>Power sources example GermanyFrom hundreds to millions</p></li><li><p>MWWind production</p><p>Source : </p><p>Statnett</p><p>Integration of renewables also brings many challengesExample - balancing demand and supply in real-time</p><p>Unpredictable / intermittent</p><p>Need for balancing reserves</p><p>Legislation / incentives for renewables</p><p>Negative tariffs</p><p>The effect of heavy wind power feed-in on tariffs</p><p>Base: -35,57Peak 9,47Max(18) 42,59Min (7) -199,99</p><p>Source: EnBW, 2010</p><p>100</p><p>50</p><p>0</p><p>-50</p><p>-100</p><p>-150</p><p>-200</p><p>-250</p><p>/MWh</p><p>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24</p><p>hour</p></li><li><p>information and communication technologies (ICT)</p><p>Demand responseOne important driver for smart cities</p><p>Smart Home</p><p>power technologies buildingautomation</p><p>new</p><p> inte</p><p>rcon</p><p>nect</p><p>ion </p><p>in S</p><p>mar</p><p>t Grid</p><p>s</p><p>Smart Grid</p><p>building automation</p><p>electronic meter</p><p>visualization,actors</p><p>gateway</p></li><li><p>Renewable energy from volatile sourcesConsequences in energy consumption</p><p>Price spread between system compliant and non-compliant consumption will increase</p><p>Storage within applications can be utilized</p><p>Heating and cooling</p><p>Electric vehicles</p><p>But</p><p>Consumers will not be willing to loose control</p><p>Consumers will not acceptloss of comfort</p><p>Automation</p></li><li><p>Distributed generationConsequences in distribution networks</p><p>Bigger variety of working points caused by distributed generationVoltage control becomes more and more difficult in rural gridsNew protection schemes requiresCommunications access to generation units requiredU</p><p>l</p><p>U</p><p>consumption onlywith distributed generation Distribution networks will </p><p>need more remote supervision and control.</p></li><li><p>Smart Grid and Power Distribution </p><p>Traditional Automation AreasDistribution Control Centers</p><p>Network management SCADA/DMSOutage ManagementWorkforce management</p><p>Primary Substation AutomationIntegrated Protection, Control and Monitoring</p><p>New Automation Areas Secondary Distribution - MV Network</p><p>Fault Passage IndicationMonitoring of Voltages and CurrentsRemote Control of switchesSelective Protection with breakers along feeders</p><p>Secondary Distribution - LV NetworkIntelligent breakers for protection and control of the LV gridSmart meters with fault indication capabilities</p><p>Asset ManagementOn-line Condition Monitoring</p><p>Penetration of automation deeper in the grid</p></li><li><p>Zones based on consumption criticality and disturbance vulnerability</p><p>Substation zones and tapped line zones</p><p>Zone Concept for MV networks Reducing risks and consequences of faults</p></li><li><p>When Grids Get SmartCommunication Gains Importance</p></li><li><p>Virtual Power Plants - VPP</p><p>Applications:</p><p>Peak reductions</p><p>Offset intermittent generation</p><p>Improve forecasting</p><p>Spinning reserve</p></li><li><p>Smart Cities</p></li><li><p>Urbanization is a global megatrend and challenge</p><p>Month DD, Year | Slide 27 ABB Group</p><p>The worlds fastest growing cities</p><p>The top 600 cities*</p><p>Additional fast growing cities</p><p>Urban population will increase from 50% to 70% by 2050 globally</p><p>2.9 billion people will move to cities in the next 40 years</p><p>Over 90% of urban growth will take place in emerging countries</p><p>In 2025 the 600 biggest cities will contribute 60% of global GDP</p><p>Already today cities consume over 75% of natural resources </p><p>*The top 600 cities by contribution to global GDP growth from 2007 to 2025 (McKinsey 2011)Source: McKinsey 2011, UNEP 2009</p></li><li><p>Smart Cities show attractive growth rates of 18% </p><p>100 billion investment in core technologies* from 2010 to 2020</p><p>Highest investments in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific</p><p>Almost 40% of total investments are in Utilities</p><p>Month DD, Year | Slide 28 ABB Group</p><p> $-</p><p> $4 000</p><p> $8 000</p><p> $12 000</p><p> $16 000</p><p>2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020</p><p>Smart Government</p><p>Smart Building</p><p>Smart Transport</p><p>Smart Utilities</p><p>Annual Smart City Investment by Industry Segment </p><p>12.6%</p><p>26.3%</p><p>17.5%</p><p>20.1%</p><p>Compound Annual Growth Rate </p><p>*Core technologies: Sensors, smart meters, fiber networks, software, other hardware and software that provide basis for smart city Source: Pike Research 2011 </p><p>Million US $ </p></li><li><p>ABB Smart City Projects</p></li><li><p>Kalasatama Smart Grid FinlandBuilding a smart city in the heart of Helsinki</p><p>Key objectives</p><p> Develop a model area for a smart power grid in the new Kalasatama district</p><p> Help to lower consumption and emissions with implementation of state-of-the-art energy, information and automation technology</p><p> Provide 10,000 jobs and homes for about 18,000 residents in Helsinkis area by year 2030</p><p>ABBs response smart grid scopeReliability of supply through Grid Automation</p><p>Smart Buildings</p><p>Demand Response Management</p><p>Integration of renewable energy </p><p>Integration of electric vehicles</p><p>Energy storage</p><p>Customer</p><p>Helsingin Energia</p><p>Helsingin Energia, one of the largest energy companies in Finland, supplies electric energy to about 400,000 customers in Finland and covers more than 90% of heat demand ofthe capital city </p></li><li><p>Stockholm Royal Seaport project - Sweden An integrated approach for metropolitan areas</p><p>Focus areas</p><p> Efficient energy use Environmentally efficient transports Local ecocycles Environmental life styles Regulatory framework</p><p>Customers</p><p> Fortum Stockholm Municipality</p><p>Key objectives</p><p> Develop a world class sustainable city district Reduce CO2 emissions to a level below 1.5 </p><p>tonnes per inhabitant by 2020 Become fossil fuel free by 2030 Adapt to climate change</p></li><li><p>Stockholm Royal Seaport project Swedenand a Smart Grid for reaching sustainability targets</p><p> ABB Group April 4, 2012 | Slide 32</p><p>Active homes with demand response</p><p>Integration of local energy production</p><p>Use of electric vehicles and smart charging</p><p>Energy storage for customers and grid</p><p>Smart and electrified port</p><p>Smart grid infrastructure</p><p>Smart grid lab Innovation Center</p><p>7</p><p>6</p><p>66</p><p>4</p><p>4</p><p>3</p><p>2</p><p>2</p><p>1</p><p>5</p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>6</p><p>7</p></li><li><p>ABB Smart Grids Projects</p><p> ABBMonth DD, YYYY | Slide 33</p></li><li><p>Espoo, MkkylAdjutantti - a new consept of sustainable living</p><p>Own Solar electricity productionElectric vehicle chargingApartments for sustainable living</p><p>Measuring and visualization of water consumptionMeasuring and visualization of energy consumption</p><p>Possibility of consumption decreaseRoom-specific heating control and decreaseAt home / away controls</p></li><li><p>HailuotoIsland Mode Operation of Distribution Grid</p><p>PurposeDemonstrate a generic concept for automated dynamic island mode operation. The producers and consumers should have access to healthy parts of the grid during disturbances and/or black-outs</p><p>Key TechnologiesFeeder Automation, protection and control for distributed generation </p></li><li><p>Kirkkonummi, MasalaCutting outages by 50% in Fortum grid area</p><p>Reducing the number of outages and recovery time </p><p>Improved security of supply to customers</p><p>A highly automated distribution grid is an important step towards self-healing networks</p></li><li><p>Example: FDIR pilot cutting outages by 50%Fortum Grid Area in Kirkkonummi, Finland</p><p>3G/GPRS</p><p>Disconnector</p><p>SCADA/DMS</p><p>RTU560</p><p>Recloser</p><p>Substation A</p><p>Control Center</p><p>Disconnectorstation</p><p>Disconnectorstation</p><p>Disconnector</p><p>M2M gateway</p><p>COM600</p><p>REF615</p><p>REF615</p><p>Recloser</p><p>FDIR - integrating Substation Automation and Grid Automation</p><p>Grid Topology with Protection and Control Zones</p></li><li><p>ABB Finland</p><p> ABBMonth DD, YYYY | Slide 38</p></li><li><p>Distribution Automation, products and systems making the power distribution smartGenerators and Converters generating electricity from windPV Inverters connecting solar panels to the gridMotors top class energy efficiencyHome Automation making our living smart and sustainable</p><p>ABB Finland A Leading Technology SupplierSmart Grids Energy Efficiency Renewables</p><p>November 08, 2011</p><p>| Slide 39</p></li></ul>