RP 1 - Afra

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BOOK REVIEWName of the book Author Publisher ISBN Introduction The topic choosen for my Research Paper 1 is Motivation. The Research Paper 1 will explain about motivation in company or organization what exactly motivates people to do something. Drive the book by Daniel H. Pink (2010) has been choosing to enlighten me explain and understand about human motivation especially the motives of people in the workplace. This book gives different thoughts about motivation and trying to tell us that all this time we have been in the wrong direction of how to motivate people and explain the new paradigm of motivation that the secret to high performance and satisfaction in todays world is the deeply human need to direct their own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world (Pink, 2010). The fully explanation about factors that motivates people, types of motivation, and also some effective ways to motivates people at work that can enhance their work performances will be explained in this book. Topic of motivation is quite interesting for me because I myself want to know more about motivation, not only the motivation theory but also other cogitation about it. By learning about motivation, we can know about everything that can motivate people to do something, especially when people got some assignments or tasks from their boss, teacher, or even parents. We also can understand how to motivate people, influence and encourage them to work at their best that would increase the performance of company or organization. : Drive The Suprising Truth About What Motivates Us (A New York Times Bestseller) : Daniel H. Pink : Canongate Books (2010) : 978 1 84767 768 6

Motivation also important topic beside the leadership, organizational culture or other topic from

Organizational Behaviour and Work (OBW), because this topic also relate to others topic on OBW such as leadership, communication, job satisfaction, job performance and so on. Compare to the other book such as leadership, performance appraisal, organizational change or any topic from OBW, I find that motivation is the most interesting and important topic because motivation is about what motivates people to do something. Every company has its own way to motivate their employees to do their job at the best. In order to reach or increase the company performance, top managers should boost their employees by giving such as rewards, build good communication, improve the leadership skill, and others. By learning about motivation, we can find out what motivates people, because motivation can affects peoples performance. There are five parts in the research paper 1. Starting from introduction about motivation, summary about theDrive book, and critique about the book, insight or implications of the book, and the last part is comments about the book.

Summary of the Book Book that I have selected is Drive The Suprising Truth About What Motivates Us by Daniel H. Pink (2010). This book is a New York Times Bestseller that was published in New York 2010 by Canongate Books. Great Britain 2010 by Financial Times Prentice Hall. The Drive book is divided into three parts. Each part is divided into some chapters which have specific topic. Part one has four chapter, part two has three chapters, and part three is the toolkit to help the readers define their motivation. This Drive book begins with a thought experiment, one that requires going back in time to the days when John Major was Britains prime minister, Barack Obama was a skinny young law prfessor, internet connections were using dial-up only, and a blackberry was still just a fruit. This experiment give a conclusion result that human and other animals ate to sate their hunger, drank to quench their thirst, and copulated to satisfy their carnal urges. If biological motivations came from within, their second drive came from without the rewards and punishments the environment delivered for behaving in certain ways. Reward can deliver a short-term boost for a few hours, but the effect wears off and worse, can reduce a persons longer-term motivation to continue the project. Part One of this book which is A New Operating System which will look at the flaws in our reward and punishment system and propose a new way to think about motivation. Chapter 1 examines how the prevailing view of motivation is becoming incompatible with many aspects of contemporary business and life. Our social operating system consists of a set of assumption about human behavior. This system is about how we organize what we do, how we think about what we do, and how we do what we do. Chapter 2 reveals the seven reasons why carrot-andstick extrinsic motivators often produce the opposite of what they set out to achieve. Chapter 2a shows the special circumstances when carrots and sticks actually can be effective. Actually carrots and sticks here means do the task then will get reward. Those seven reasons are: carrots and sticks system can extinguish intrinsic motivation, can diminish performance, can crush creativitu, can crowd out good behavior, can encourage cheating, shortcuts, and unethical behavior, can become addictive, and can foster short-term thinking. Chapter 3 is about Type X

and introduce the Type I behavior, a way of thinking and an approach to business grounded in the real science of human motivation and powered by our third drive our innate need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to o better by ourselves and our world. Type X behavior is fueled more by extrinsic desires than intrinsic ones. It concerns itself less with the inherent satisfaction of an activity and more with the external rewards to which that activity leads. While Type I behavior is fueled more by intrinsic desires than extrinsic ones. If you want to strengthen your organizations, get beyond your decade of underachievement, and address the inchoate sense that somethings gone wrong in your business, your lives, and your world, so you need to move from Type X to Type I. Part Two examine the tree elements of that Type I behavior and show how individuals and organizations are using them to improve performance and deepen satisfaction. Those three elements are autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Chapter 4 explore autonomy, the desire to be selfdirected. There are four essential of autonomy: the task, the time, the technique, and the team. Chapter 5 explore mastery, the urge to get better and better at what we do. There are three laws of mastery: mastery is a mindset, mastery is a pain, and mastery is an asymptote. Then chapter 6 explore purpose, the yearning to be part of something larger than ourselves. Purpose include goals, words, and policies. Part Three, the Type I Toolkit, is a comprehensive set of resources to help you create settings in which Type I behavior can flourish. Here we can find everything from dozens of exercises to awaken motivation in yourself and others, to discussion questions for your book club, to a supershort summary of drive that will help us fake our way through a cocktail party. This toolkit is the guide to taking the ideas in this book and putting them into action. There are five main type toolkit: type I for Individuals, type I for Organizations, the Zen of Compensation (paying people the type I way), type I for parens and educators, the type I Fitness Plan.

Critique of the BookThis Drive book is about the new and paradigm-shattering about drive, the surprising truth about what motivates us. This book is the secret to high performance and satisfaction in todays world is the deeply human need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and ourworld. This book is considering as a book which easy to read and understand, give a clear and in depth understanding about other side of motivation. The author exposes the mismatch between what science knows and what business does and how that affects every aspect of our lives. He demonstrates that while the old-fashioned carrot-and-stick approach worked successfully in the 20th century, it is precisely the wrong way to motivate people for todays challenges. The aim of this book is to issue a bold and persuasive call to bring our understanding of human motivation out of the realm of folklore and into the realm of science. By demonstrate in an entertaining way how self-motivated rewards provide their own behavioural alchemy, exposing the mismatch between what science knows and business does. The interesting part of this book is the author try to connect the motivation with social businesses with giving example the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Muhammad Yunus with the profit maximization princple replaced by the social-benefit principle. (Pink, 2010:24). This book also gives an interesting main topic for every chapter that linked to all chapters about motivation. It started from chapters that explaining about some experiments conducted by two scientist, Harlow and Deci to know whether the carrots and sticks method still work, then follow by describe about new direction of motivation that leads to an understanding on changes in motivation perception. The book was also design for person who has no background knowledge about motivation so the readers would learned something from this book. The author gives the ilusstration with numerous example that is easy to understand, and he also provide the toolkit for us to do such a motivation assessment.

Insights / Implications Drive book by Daniel H pink is a must read book for managers, organization and all people in the workplace. Because this book is giving explanation that motivates people at work by give rewards is quite wrong. Here, he describe that the introduction of reward will disrupt performance, once the reward decrease and the people become lazy. But the people who do some task but did not introduced to anykind of reward, they will w