Renaissance Artpaintings, sketches, architecture, sculpture, and literature
The Beginning of Modern Painting Four Major ChangesOil on stretched canvas this technique allowed painters to show textures and three dimensional forms more accurately.
Perspective Linear perspective used the vanishing point. (All lines appear to converge at one point.) It gives a painting depth. One trick used to accomplish this was blurring details as the object appeared further away.
The Beginning of Modern Painting Four Major ChangesThe Use of Light and Shadow Using chiaroscuro (it means light/dark in Italian) artists could show more rounded shapes in painting.Pyramid Configuration The painting has a focal point. It is where the painting reaches a climax.
Raphael (1483- 1520) School of AthensThis painting is an excellent example of linear perspective. You can see the depth.
It depicts an imaginary gathering of Greek philosophers
School of Athens- Called to Rome by the Pope, Raphael finished painting rooms in the Vatican with the help of 50 students!
-This fresco measures 25 feet wide and 17 feet tall.
-It was intended to decorate the popes private apartments
Who are all of these people??
1: Zeno of Citium 2: Epicurus 3: unknown 4: Boethius or Anaximander or Empedocles? 5: Averroes 6: Pythagoras 7: Alcibiades or Alexander the Great? 8: Xenophon 9: unknown 10: Aeschines or Xenophon? 11: Parmenides? 12: Socrates 13: Heraclitus (Michelangelo) 14: Plato (Leonardo da Vinci) 15: Aristotle 16: Diogenes 17: Plotinus (Donatello?) 18: Euclid with students (Bramante?) 19: Zoroaster 20: Ptolemy? R: Apelles (Raphael)
Raphael was so impressed by Michelangelos work next door at the Sistine Chapel, that he added Michelangelos portrait at the last minute
He made sure to use Michelangelos techniques of realism check out those knees!
Compare Medieval and Renaissance Perspective Notice how the people seem to be stacked on top of each otherRaphaels fresco has more depth
Botticelli (1444-1510) Birth Of VenusThe subject is Venus from classic Roman mythology.
The horizon line and angles give the painting perspective.
Pyramid configuration Venus is the focal point
What details give the painting movement?
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 1519) Mona LisaThe painting exhibits perspective. All lines are drawn to a point behind Mona Lisas head.Excellent use of chiaroscuro. Colors blend into one another without outlines.Her hands are very realistic. Da Vinci dissected over 30 cadavers and studied many skeletons to perfect his talents.Her real name was Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo. She was the wife of a wealthy merchant. Married at 16, she was 24 in this painting and the mother of 2 sons.Da Vinci was invited to work for the king of France late in his life. When he died, the painting remained in France.The painting became famous in 1911 when it appeared in newspapers world wide after it was stolen.It had been stolen by an Italian patriot who wanted it returned to Italy.
Self-Portrait?Some theorists believe that the Mona Lisa is actually a self portrait of DaVinci himself
What do you think?
Leonardo Da Vinci - SketchesMuscles of neck and shouldersLeonardo was very interested in anatomy. His paintings looked realistic because he knew how all of the bodys muscles worked and moved.
Human Skeleton These sketches were done at a time when dissection was completely illegal !
Baby in Womb - His sketches of the growth of the fetus in the womb were so accurate they could be used to teach medical students today.
Da Vincis Flying Machine SketchesVideo: DaVincis Flying Machines
Da Vinci - The Last Supper (1498) The scene represents the final days of Jesus Excellent example of linear perspective.
Note the angles, horizon line, and shading.
This is a fresco watercolor paint on damp plaster. It is part of the wall.
Last Supper Close upsNotice the realistic landscape in the background.
Unfortunately, the paint started to flake off within a few years.
Michelangelo (1475 1564) Last JudgmentLocated in the Sistine Chapel, where he painted the ceiling years earlier, its mood is gloomy.
This religious fresco depicts the end of the world. Over 400 figures are either ascending into heaven or falling into hell.
Jesus is centrally located and surrounded by saints.
The chapel is the location of the conclave, where cardinals meet to elect each new pope.
St. PeterSt. BartholomewSt. John
In his paintings, Michelangelo often used bodies rather than faces to express emotion.Biagio, the popes assistant who criticized Michelangelos work for its nudity, is pictured on the bottom right with a serpent and donkey ears.
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel CeilingLocated more than 60 feet above the floor! At the center of the ceiling you can see the nine frescoes that illustrate the Biblical stories of the Creation, Noah, Adam & Eve.Nearly all the work is his. He only allowed his assistants to prepare his paint, plaster, and work on minor details. It took 4 years to complete.How did they reach the ceiling?
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Creation of Adam close up
Van Eyck (1390 1441) Arnolfini WeddingVan Eyck is considered the father of oil painting. He was so idolized for his discovery that his right arm was preserved as a holy relic.Known as a master of realism and showed incredible detail. You can see details such as fur and the stubble on some subjects chins.Textures become very realistic due to oil paint.Objects often symbolized important themes. In this painting the dog represents fidelity and the lit candle represents the Holy Spirit. The whole painting can be seen in miniature on the mirror on the wall.
Brunelleschi (1377 1446) Duomo of FlorenceKnown as the father of modern engineering.Brunelleschi won a competition to earn the privilege of designing the dome.He went to Rome and took measurements of the ancient Pantheon in order to design and build his dome.It is made of two shells leaning against each other and held together by the lantern on the top.Everyone thought it would collapse.The ball on top was positioned by a machine designed by da Vinci.
Roman Pantheon128 A.D.Duomo of Florence1434 A.D.The Pantheon was the worlds largest dome for over 1300 years!
Duomo of Florence
The dome took 16 years to build.
It remains the largest brick dome in the world.
A Visit to the Duomo of FlorenceFlorence from the top of the DuomoVideo from Duomo Bell TowerBell ringing from Duomos Tower
The SuperdomeNew Orleans, LouisianaSaints Football Arena
Largest Fixed Dome Structure in the World
Capacity is nearly 80,000 people!
Vatican City, Rome Michelangelo copied Brunelleschis design for this dome over 100 years later.
Tens of thousands of people crowded St. Peter's Square at the Vatican for a Sunday morning Mass honoring Pope John Paul II, who died in 2005.
Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) Villa BarbaroWell known for making villas and palaces.
Strong Greek and Roman influence. You can see the columns, arches and a frieze.
Buildings were usually symmetrical. (Same on each side.)
Neoclassical ArchitectureNeoclassical,or "new" classical, This term refers to buildings that are inspired by classical Greek and Roman architecture. in America!
U.S. Supreme Court
The U.S. Capitol BuildingWhy do you think American government buildings borrow ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome?
Capitol Building - Trenton, NJ
Bernini (1598 1680)
St. Theresa supposedlyheard voices from angels.She believed herself to bepierced by an angels dartwith Gods love.Bernini was known for capturing action in hissculptures. The wholesculpture seems alive andmoving.He served 8 popes, therefore much of his work is religious in nature
Michelangelo (1504) Donatello(1425) Bernini(1623)Contrapposto - when a figure stands with one leg holding its full weight and the other leg relaxed Compare & Contrast all three
The statue is over 13 feet tallIt is carved out of a single piece of marble.It depicts the Bible story of David just before he slays GoliathIt was displayed in front of city hall in Florence (a nude statue!)The hand was broken off accidentally by construction workers when it was moved to a museum indoors.
David by MichelangeloWorkers clean and repair the statue
Note the immense size of the statue compared to the worker.
Shakespeare (1564-1616)He is recognized as the greatest English writer.Wrote tragedies, comedies, histories, romances, and sonnets.Characters he created were often loved or hated because they were flawed (imperfect).To be, or not to be: that is the question Plays: Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, A Midsummer Nights Dream, The Merchant of Venice, King Lear, Julius Caesar and many more!
Globe Theater (1599)The original burned down in 1613 due to a cannon shot used as a prop during a performance Archaeologists located the original foundation in 1989 and it was rebuilt shortly thereafter. Located in London, England
Globe Theater Interior
London Travel GuideInteractive Globe Theater