Reception: How We Teach Reading1. Phonics 2. High Frequency Words
sDo you see this letter? Did you know it has a name AND a sound?
Each letter has a SOUND and a NAME
We teach the letter SOUNDS not the names
We will teach the names later
Synthetic Phonics What does it mean? Teaching the letter sounds.
This helps you to read.catC-a-tIf you blend the sounds together, they make the word cat. If you try to blend the letter names, it doesnt help you hear the word.
Video of a lady making the phonemesPlease look at the following website. It has a video of a lady saying all the letter sounds.http://www.teachfind.com/national-strategies/letters-and-sounds-articulation-phonemes-vowels-and-consonantsOr search on www.youtube.com for articulation of phonemes We are working on putting the video straight on this website.
PhasesIn Nursery, children learn Phase One which teaches them listening skills. They need to have good listening skills before starting Phase Two.
In Reception, children will learn Phase Two and Three. Here they will learn the letter sounds and use them to read and write.
They will also learn tricky (high frequency words) off by heart (we will talk about this in a minute).
In ReceptionIn Reception, we are starting Phase 2 this week!In Phase 2, your child will start to learn 2 letter sounds (and 2 high frequency words) a week.They will get sent home on keyrings so you can help your child learn them.Please help them learn them each week because there are LOTS to learn!
First letter sounds will be...
Letters go home in this order How many words can you make with these letters?
s a t i p n m d
This is what a text looks like to a child at the beginning stages of reading.
When we teach children to read, we tell them to: Look at the letter and make the sound.
This is called blending or sounding out.pintin
Synthetic Phonics At first we will concentrate on simple sound to letter correspondence.
This is when a phoneme is represented by a single letter as in the word /m/ /a/ /t/. Fast!
Then we will concentrate the more difficult code such as one phoneme (sound) represented by 2 letters. sh ch qu ck ng
We use those phonemes in these words:ring king shop chopthing quiz ....and others!
At the same time as learning to blend the sounds to read your child will also learn to break down (segmenting) a word to write. 3 sounds (phonemes)(Do you know what the three letter sounds (phonemes) are?)
But there are some irregular, tricky words!The high frequency words. We need to learn these by heart Not only are they high frequency but are usually also difficult to decode (sound out) Sometimes you can sound them out but we still want the children to know them instantlywas said me the they
We will also send home 2 high frequency (tricky) words each week.Please help your child to recognise them by showing your child the word and asking them to say the word straight away.When your child can recognise them, they can start to write them.
Now having worked on these skills the child can begin to decode and recognise the text. t h e t h eo ncatsatmat
How can you help?By pronouncing the phonemes in the correct way. See: www.getreadingright.com/Pronouncephonemes.htm and the previous links.
Your child will be getting 2 letter sounds and 2 high frequency words a week on their keyrings so you know what theyre learning.
Show your child the letters and words and help them practise saying and them. They need to learn to recognise them by heart.
Encourage them to read any books using these skills. They look at the letter and say the sound. If there is a tricky (high frequency word) in the book and it is one from their keyring, ask them if they know it.
Reading for PleasureWe do want children to love and enjoy books. There is no point them knowing how to read if they dont want to read. Keep on having a cosy bedtime story with your child before they go to sleep. Talk about the characters and their favourite part of the story. Read to them, making the characters have different and exciting voices. This will keep children curious about books and stories. If they can recognise words during a bed time story, then that should be celebrated but dont let it stop you from enjoying the fun and adventure of a story with your child.Decoding the text is not the only part of reading.Enjoy!
Finally...If you have any questions, please ask a member of staff.
Remember: We are learning the letter sounds not names
***If you say the letter names, it doesnt help you to hear the word cat.These sounds are also called phonemes - your child may refer to it as that.
We will obviously help them learn the sounds and words at school but it is important to keep up with them as there are lots to learn!**Explain that we introduce so many letters so that words can be read and spelt from the very first lesson. Have parents think about the words you can make from these letters.The cat sat on the mat.**/c/ /a/ /t/..cat etc The three sounds are blended into the word
Robotting*At first it is mainly one to one with each sound having a single representation/letterWill get them on the key ringWont be alphabetical*Remind parents even though there are two letters, it is still one phoneme. all of this is done in around 16 weeks or so.
Your child will bring home the sounds on the keyring and will help you to say it, but remember you can look on the website video clip for guidance.*For some words that occur often and children like to use in their writing we teach the high frequency, irregular words. Most of them cant be sounded out (was, said) so we have to learn them visually.
So we send them home on another keyring. We can learn them by copying them out, flashing them up, matching them.***You may like to break out into workshops. This is so a small group of parents can work with teachers, to ensure they really do know how to pronounce the phonemes and conduct Make and Break activities.Most importantly get as much pleasure from your childs success as they do. Make it a pleasurable experience for both of you.
Get Reading Right has a parents set called Learn to Read and Spell with Synthetic Phonics. This is following the Playing with Sounds letter sequence. As long as the child has already learnt the first 8 phonemes the different letter sequence will not cause any problems. You might want to suggest these books for those children you are struggling to keep up and need some extra support at home. At 19.50 it makes it a very affordable option. *