Reading Papers. Need to read efficiently A survey paper or grant could have 100-200 references. Read 50+ articles a year Need to know how your papers is going to be read. (???). Reading Papers. What do you want to learn? Just generally interested in the topic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Reading PapersNeed to read efficientlyA survey paper or grant could have 100-200 references. Read 50+ articles a year Need to know how your papers is going to be read. (???)
Reading PapersWhat do you want to learn?Just generally interested in the topicWant to know if the subject is relevant to your researchWant to know what the authors concludedWant to learn about a new area of researchHow are you going to find out efficiently?
Reading OrderTitle think about what it meansAuthors do you know them?Keywords semi-useful (ACM categories) Abstract read more?Conclusions or Introduction read more?Introduction or Conclusions read more?ResultsMethods or backgroundBackground or methods
Reading OrderIs the topic relevant? (title and abstract)Is it new? (abstract)What did they find? (abstract and conclusions)What does it mean? (abstract and conclusions)Are the results relevant? (conclusions and results (and methods))Are the results trustworthy? (results and methods)Should I use their techniques? (methods)
Reading PapersWrite on the paperImportant pointsWeaknessesCounter-argumentsRelevant papersPromising citations
General Writing - StructureBroad and general to narrow and specificIn the whole paperIn sectionsIn paragraphsThe read should know whats coming nextUse topic sentences Introductory SectionsIntroductory ParagraphsGeneral Writing - FlowThe reader should usually know whats coming next the paper should flowSentence to sentenceParagraph to paragraphSection to sectionFlowTopics the reader should know when and why you are changing topicsIdeas the reader should know when and why you are introducing a new ideaTitle and AbstractGet the reader interestedPresent the subjectPresent the significancePresent the workPresent the resultsTitleTry to include:Research subject (often implied)ProblemWorkResultsCant always get them all in.Avoid cuteAbstractWrite it Last or First?First because if you cant you dont know what you are doingLast because the emphasis may change as you write the paperDo both! Write a rough version first, the write a new version last.Abstract (short form)Four to six sentences:Problem/significance/contextYour workResults/impactAdjust to your venueOften longerExtended abstracts are something different.
Abstract - exampleCurrent fault attacks against public key cryptography focus on traditional schemes, such as RSA and ECC, and, to a lesser extent, on primitives such as XTR. However, bilinear maps, or pairings, have presented theorists with a new and increasingly popular way of constructing cryptographic protocols. Most notably, this has resulted in efficient methods for Identity Based Encryption (IBE). Since identity-based cryptography seems an ideal partner for identity aware devices such as smart-cards, in this paper, we examine the security of concrete pairing instantiations in terms of fault attack.Computers, IEEE Transactions onPublication Date: Sept. 2006Volume: 55, Issue: 9On page(s): 1075- 1080Abstract - exampleIn the mouse trigeminal pathway, sensory inputs from distinct facial structures, such as whiskers or lower jaw and lip, are topographically mapped onto the somatosensory cortex through relay stations in the thalamus and hindbrain. In the developing hindbrain, the mechanisms generating such maps remain elusive. We found that in the principal sensory nucleus, the whisker-related map is contributed by rhombomere 3derived neurons, whereas the rhombomere 2derived progeny supply the lower jaw and lip representation. Moreover, early Hoxa2 expression in neuroepithelium prevents the trigeminal nerve from ectopically projecting to the cerebellum, whereas late expression in the principal sensory nucleus promotes selective arborization of whisker-related afferents and topographic connectivity to the thalamus. Hoxa2 inactivation further results in the absence of whisker-related maps in the postnatal brain. Thus, Hoxa2- and rhombomere 3dependent cues determine the whisker area map and are required for the assembly of the whisker-to-barrel somatosensory circuit. Science 8 September 2006:Vol. 313. no. 5792, pp. 1408 - 1413
AbstractWork and results should be precise, refutable AvoidWe study We examine We tried X and it works. Works?UseWe show We implemented X under the following conditions The results show that X has 10% fewer errorsAbstract - Examplesin this paper, we examine the security of concrete pairing instantiations in terms of fault attack. (end of abstract) And the results are?
We use simulation to show that attack traffic can only degrade legitimate traffic to a limited extent, - Reasonable, but what is limited?
Thus, Hoxa2- and rhombomere 3dependent cues determine the whisker area map and are required for the assembly of the whisker-to-barrel somatosensory circuit.- Determine and required are solid, definite termsKeywordsUse ones standard in the fieldUse terms you want to introduce
Introduction and BackgroundIntroduction Get the reader interestedWhy is it important?What did you do?What were your results?BackgroundMore contextWhy is this paper importantNOT a laundry list of related papers(Move some to the discussion)
IntroductionWhy is it important? Broad problem/question -> narrow problem/question-> (potential) solution-> resultDisease X is important. Disease X has similarities to condition Y. Condition Y is due to Z.We hypothesize Z has a similar role in Disease X.We test We findIntroductionOther elements to includeWhats missing from the existing literature (implied or explicit) Currently the link between Z and X is unknownWhat your hypothesis/question is (can be explicit)In this paper we test the hypothesis thatWhat you did (in general terms)We used method X to The resultsBackgroundNot a laundry list of papersOnly include papers that directly apply to your researchStrengthen the connections made in the introductionShould lead to your researchThus, it makes sense to test Zs role in Disease X.MethodsReplicableCite othersJustify choicesWhy did you use Wormstroms method and not Farnsworths?Explain how the experiments test the hypothesisResultsPresent relevant results.Present the results that you promised in the methods section.Tell the read what they should see/learnWhat does the data show be explicit and exactSay it in the text and in the figure captionsFigures (w/ captions) and text should both (mostly) stand on their own.Conclusion/DiscussionEmphasize the key resultsSummarizeGeneralizations?Related problems?Future work?