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PROCEDURES MANUAL - Tennessee Tennessee Department of Transportation Environmental Planning and Permits Division Procedures Manual for Preparing Environmental Documentation under the

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  • PROCEDURES MANUAL

    FOR PREPARING ENVIRONMENTAL DOCUMENTATION UNDER THE

    NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) OF 1969

    August 2004

    Tennessee Department of Transportation Environmental Planning and Permits Division

  • _______________________________ _______________________________

    Tennessee Department of Transportation

    Environmental Planning and Permits Division

    Procedures Manual for

    Preparing Environmental Documentation under the

    National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969

    August, 2004

    Effective Date: _____________

    Approved by:

    Director, Environmental Planning and Permits Division Chief, Environment & Planning Tennessee Department of Transportation Tennessee Department of Transportation

  • Table of Contents

    Table of Contents

    1.0 GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES .................................................................. 1-1

    1.1 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................1-1

    1.2 NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) ....................................1-1

    1.3 REGULATIONS RELATED TO NEPA ..............................................................1-2

    1.3.1 Council of Environmental Quality............................................................1-2

    1.3.2 Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact and Related

    Procedures .............................................................................................1-3

    1.3.3 Other Regulations Related to NEPA.......................................................1-3

    1.4 NEPA PROCESS...............................................................................................1-4

    1.4.1 Class of Action........................................................................................1-4

    1.4.2 Significance ............................................................................................1-5

    1.4.2.1 Context..................................................................................1-5

    1.4.2.2 Intensity.................................................................................1-5

    1.5 FITTING ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO TDOT’S PROJECT

    DEVELOPMENT PROCESS..............................................................................1-6

    1.5.1 TDOT’S PROGRAM, PROJECT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN

    (PPRM)...............................................................................................................1-8

    1.5.2 ORGANIZATION OF THIS MANUAL................................................................1-9

    2.0 PROJECT IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT........................................................... 2-1

    2.1 DEFINING THE PROJECT ................................................................................2-2

    2.1.1 Purpose and Need..................................................................................2-2

    2.1.2 Logical Termini and Independent Utility..................................................2-4

    2.1.2.1 Development of Logical Termini ...........................................2-4

    2.1.2.2 Demonstrating Independent Utility ........................................2-5

    2.1.3 Defining the Study Area..........................................................................2-6

    2.2 DEVELOPMENT AND CONSIDERATION OF ALTERNATIVES......................2-6

    2.2.1 Preliminary Alternatives Development....................................................2-6

    2.2.2 Development of Study Area Inventory and Base Mapping .....................2-7

    3.0 NEPA PROCESS OPTIONS .................................................................................................. 3-1

    3.1 DETERMINATION OF CLASS OF ACTION......................................................3-1

    3.2 ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD ............................................................................3-1

    N E P A P R O C E D U R E S M A N U A L

    Page i

  • Table of Contents

    3.3 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS....................................................3-3

    3.4 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS.........................................................................3-4

    3.4.1 “C” List CEs ............................................................................................3-4

    3.4.2 ”D” List CEs ............................................................................................3-5

    3.4.3 Unusual Circumstances..........................................................................3-8

    3.5 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS................................................................3-9

    4.0 EARLY COORDINATION....................................................................................................... 4-1

    4.1 NOTICE OF INTENT AND SCOPING................................................................4-1

    4.1.1 Notice of Intent........................................................................................4-1

    4.1.2 Scoping...................................................................................................4-1

    4.2 INITIAL COORDINATION PACKAGES ............................................................4-2

    4.2.1 Project Data Summary Sheet .................................................................4-2

    4.2.2 Exhibits ...................................................................................................4-3

    4.2.3 General Transmittal Letter ......................................................................4-4

    4.2.4 Special Initial Coordination Letters .........................................................4-4

    4.2.4.1 Farmland Initial Coordination With NRCS.............................4-4

    4.2.4.2 Section 106 Initial Coordination ............................................4-5

    4.2.4.3 Cooperating Agencies Invitation ...........................................4-6

    4.2.5 Initial Coordination List ...........................................................................4-6

    4.3 LEAD AND COOPERATING AGENCIES .........................................................4-8

    4.3.1 Lead Agencies........................................................................................4-8

    4.3.2 Cooperating Agencies ............................................................................4-8

    5.0 REFINE ALTERNATIVES TO ADDRESS CONCERNS ...................................................... 5-1

    6.0 IMPACT ANALYSIS................................................................................................................ 6-1

    6.1 OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................6-1

    6.1.1 Definition of Impact .................................................................................6-2

    6.1.1.1 Direct Impacts .......................................................................6-2

    6.1.1.2 Secondary and Cumulative Impacts .....................................6-2

    6.1.1.3 Level of Impact......................................................................6-5

    6.1.2 Chapter Organization..............................................................................6-5

    6.2 RECORDS CHECK IN EARLY PROJECT PLANNING PHASE.......................6-5

    6.2.1 Records Check for Environmental Screening.........................................6-6

    6.2.1.1 Cultural Resources ...............................................................6-6

    6.2.1.2 Natural Resources ................................................................6-7

    6.2.1.3 Hazardous Materials .............................................................6-8

    6.2.1.4 Environmental Justice...........................................................6-8

    6.2.2 Map Review............................................................................................6-9

    N E P A P R O C E D U R E S M A N U A L

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  • Table of Contents

    6.3 TECHNICAL STUDIES AND OTHER IMPACT ANALYSES ............................6-9

    6.3.1 Overview.................................................................................................6-9

    6.3.2 Technical Studies ...................................................................................6-9

    6.3.2.1 Cultural Resources .............................................................6-10

    6.3.2.2 Natural Resources ..............................................................6-16

    6.3.2.3 Noise...................................................................................6-19

    6.3.2.4 Air Quality ...........................................................................6-23

    6.3.2.5 Hazardous Materials ...........................................................6-25

    6.3.2.6 Conceptual Stage Relocation Plan .....................................6-28

    6.3.2.7 Soils and Geology Analysis ................................................6-29

    6.3.3 Sections 4(f) and 6(f) Analyses.............................................................6-29

    6.3.3.1 Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act..........6-30

    6.3.

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