Probert Encyclopaedia – Heraldry

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Probert Encyclopedia's article about heraldry.

Text of Probert Encyclopaedia – Heraldry

Heraldry

Properly, heraldry is the science of a herald's duties. But more commonly the term is used to describe the knowledge of the forms, terms and laws which pertain to the use of armorial bearings or "coats of arms". In this section you will find comprehensive details of the bearings to be found upon coats of arms, and the terms used to describe heraldic devices and their significance.

A

A BOUCHE

Inheraldry, A bouche refers to a shape ofshield. Basically rectangular, it is distinguished by the presence of a notch (lancerest) at thedexterchiefposition.

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ABASED

Inheraldry, abased describes something borne lower than usual and also describes abirdrepresented as having the ends of the wings turned downward towards the point of theshield.

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ABATEMENT

Inheraldryan abatement is a mark of dishonour on anescutcheon.

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ABYSS

Inheraldry, the abyss is the centre of anescutcheon.

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ACCIDENT

Inheraldry, an accident is a point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.

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ACCOLLEE

Inheraldry, accollee means placed side by side; also, entwined about theneck.

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ACCOSTED

Inheraldry, accosted means supported on both sides by other charges and also, side by side.

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ACCRUED

Inheraldry, accrued means grown to maturity.

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ACHIEVEMENT

Inheraldry, an achievement means anycompleteheraldiccomposition.

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ADDITION

Inheraldry, an addition is something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honour the opposite of anabatement.

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ADDORSED

Inheraldry, addorsed means set or turned back to back; pointing backwards.

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ADUMBRATION

Inheraldry, adumbration is the shadow or outlines of a figure.

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AFFRONTE

Inheraldry, affronte means face to face, or front to front.

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AILETTE

Inheraldry, an ailette (or emerass) is a smallescutcheonwhich was fixed to the shoulders of armedknights. They were made ofsteeland introduced during the reign ofEdward I, forming the origin of the modernepaulette.

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ALANT

Inheraldry, an alant is amastiffwith short ears.

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ALERION

Alerion (allerion) is a name sometimes given by early Heralds to the heraldiceagle, which, when blazoned under thistitle, was also sometimes drawn without legs orbeak.

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ALLOCAMELUS

Inheraldry, the allocamelus is a device representing a mythical creature which is partcameland partass. The device was first borne on the arms of the Eastland Company, and later in the 19th century by the Russia Company.

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AMBULANT

Inheraldry, ambulant means in the act of walking.

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AMETHYST

Inheraldry, amethyst is a purple colour in a nobleman'sescutcheon, or coat of arms.

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ANCHOR

Inheraldrythe anchor is an emblem of hope.

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ANCHORED

Inheraldry, anchored describes something as having the extremities turned back, like the flukes of ananchor.

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ANIME

Inheraldry, anime describes the eyes of a rapaciousanimalas being of a differenttincturefrom theanimalitself.

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ANNODATED

Inheraldry, annodated means curved somewhat in the form of the letter S.

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ANNULET

Inheraldry, an annulet is a small circle, like a link ofchainmailborne as a charge. In modernheraldrythe annulet is acadency markrepresenting the fifth son orbrother.

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ANNULETEE

Inheraldry, annuletee means ending in annulets.

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ANSERATED

Inheraldry, anserated describes something, a cross for example, as having the extremities terminate in the heads of eagles,lions, etc.

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ANTIQUE CROWN

Inheraldry, an antique crown is a crown with fivetriangularpoints rising from the rim.

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APPAUME

Inheraldry, appaume describes a hand open, erect and extended so as to show the palm to the spectator.

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AQUILATED

Inheraldry, aquilated means adorned with eagles' heads.

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ARCHED

Inheraldry, arched means bent or bowed.

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ARCHY

Inheraldry, archy means bent or bowed.

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ARGENT

Inheraldry, argent is the white colour in coats of arms, intended to representsilver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness. It is represented inengravingby a plain white surface.

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ARMED

Inheraldry, the term armed describes beasts and birds of prey as having their natural weapons - horns, abeak, talons, &c in a different colour to the rest of theirbody.

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ARMIGER

Inheraldry, an armiger is someone, a rank below that of aknight, who is entitled to a coat of arms. Originally an armiger was the person who carried a knight'sarmour.

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ARMS

Inheraldry, arms are the ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colours borne in shields, banners, &c., as marks ofdignityand distinction, and descending from father to son.

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ARMS OF ALLIANCE

Inheraldry, arms of alliance are arms which come into a man's possession by matrimonial alliances, as the arms of his wife, which are impaled with his own, and those of heiresses which he, in likemanner, quarters.

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ARMS OF COMMUNITY

Inheraldry, arms of community are the heraldic arms borne by Corporate and other Bodies and Communities, such as cities, colleges &c.

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ARRONDIE

Inheraldry, arrondie means curved, rounded.

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ASCENDANT

Inheraldry, ascendant means issuing upwards, like aflowerfor example.

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ASHEN KEYS

Inheraldry, ashen keys is the name given to the seed-vessels of theashtree when represented upon anescutcheon.

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ASPECT

Inheraldry, aspect means position.

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ASPECTANT

Inheraldry, aspectant means facing each other.

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ASPERSED

Inheraldry, aspersed means having an indefinite number of small charges scattered or strewed over the surface.

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ASSUMPTIVE ARMS

Inheraldry, assumptive arms were originally arms which a person had a right toassume, in consequence of an exploit; now the term is applied to those arms assumed without the sanction of the Heralds' College.

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AT GAZE

Inheraldry, at gaze describes figures of thestag,hart,buckor hind represented with the face turned directly to the front on ane