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PERSONAL FOOD CHOICES, EATING PATTERNS & HABITS. HFA 4MI. What factors affect our food choices?. Psychological/emotional . eating/not eating to deal with mood, guilt, stress, pain, disappointment, excitement, etc. . Social. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation




What factors affect our food choices?Psychological/emotional eating/not eating to deal with mood, guilt, stress, pain, disappointment, excitement, etc.

Social eating with others ~ celebrations, gatherings, time with family, friends, loved ones

Cultural culture dictates, to some extent, the foods which we eat

Economic monetary resources determine what we can and cannot buy ~income vs. cost

Geographical the country/area we live in determines what is most readily available to us

Physical hunger

Religious some religions include beliefs surrounding food consumption

EATING PATTERNS Food customs and habits including when, what, and how much people eat. Everyone has their own eating pattern due to lifestyle choices.

Traditional eating patterns in many cultures revolve around 3 main meals:Breakfast, lunch, dinner

BREAKFASTthe most important meal of the dayThe body has been fasting for 7-8 hours as you sleep and is therefore lacking energy supplies~ you need to break the fastIf you skip breakfast, blood sugar levels drop, fatigue, poor concentration, irritability and lethargy resultsAim for 3 of the 4 food groups, including a protein and a fibre source


In many cultures, the midday meal is often the largest meal The midday meal gives the body energy to carry out activities for the rest of the dayThe evening meal gives you the opportunity to gain nutrients not consumed during the day


Snacking is not necessarily a bad habitDuring adolescence, when nutritional and caloric needs are high, snacking can help you meet these needs Choose snacks that are nutrient dense, not empty calorie foods such as pop and candy


a term used to describe 5 or 6 meals eaten throughout the daymany believe this is a healthier way of eating vs. 3 larger meals a day


Some individuals are not aware of what and how often they eatMore often than not, people eat due to social and psychological/emotional reasonsIn such cases, you are not eating in response to hunger, but to appetiteAPPETITE is a learned desire, rather than a need, to eat ~ due to social and personal influenceBe aware of your eating habits ~ if your appetite is larger than your hunger, you may need to alter when and what you are eating

THE EFFECT OF FOOD HABITSOur food habits affect us physically, emotionally and psychologically. Listen to your body and eat nutritiously when you are hungry.

Good eating habits:

give you the nutrients your mind and body require to grow and developgive you energy and help you concentrate, learn and feel alerthelp you fight disease and help you sleep betterhelp you maintain a healthy body weight


Related to DietImpact on appetiteAny type of illness puts a strain on the body. Even though a person who is ill may lose interest in eating, the body still must have nutrients; often more so than during healthy times.

Encourage fluids

Serve nutritious, nutrient dense foods

Consult a pharmacist re: how the medication will affect the way the body uses nutrients


Some people jump to follow advice when they hear of new research regarding nutrition and nutrients which suddenly have disease fighting properties.

Example #1: Dietary Supplements: Nutrients ingested in addition to the foods they eat (pills, liquids, powders). Most people do not require these as they should be gaining necessary nutrients from a well balanced diet.

Example #2: Nutrient Mega doses: An extra large quantity of a supplement to prevent/cure a disease or illness, or to gain a perceived benefit. Excess amounts of nutrients can often cause harm; otherwise, they are just passed through the body. Mega doses should be avoided.


Due to long-term medical conditions, some individuals needs to be aware of their food choices. Doctors may prescribe special plans to help manage their conditions.

ExamplesHigh cholesterol = decrease fat, increase fibreHeart Disease = increase dose of major vitamins, especially B vitaminsHigh Blood Pressure = decrease fat & salt, increase potassium & calciumDiabetes = regulate sugar intakeHIV/AIDS = regular fluids & snacks, possible nutritional supplements Osteoporosis = increase calcium & proteins, decrease saltCancer = decrease red meats, increase fruit & vegetables


Food Allergya physical response to certain foods by the bodys immune system ( eg. Peanuts) Food Intolerancea physical reaction to food not involving the immune system, i.e. digestive problems ( eg. lactose intolerance)


ADULT MODELLING:Children are better at copying behavior, than listening to rules. It is crucial that parents forms good eating habits to model to their children.

GUIDELINES Do not use food as a reward or punishmentDo not monitor your childrens food intake too strictlyChildren do not need to eat as much as adults proportions should be much smallerAvoid power struggles at meal times meals should be enjoyable, comfortable timesDo not force your child to eat if a child is able to recognize when their body is hungry, and eat only during these times, it will go a long way to preventing obesity later onFACTORS LEADING TO CHILDHOOD OBESITYLack of exercise High-fat mealsUnhealthy snacksBeing forced to eatSocial behavioursLack of education

Childhood eating conflicts and unpleasant mealtime experiences can lead to eating disorders, i.e. children learn to reward and punish themselves with foodAs a result, parents need to promote positive eating experiences and develop healthy eating patterns for their children at an early age


Proper eating is the key to a childs growth and development.

Poor nutrition can lead to

1. Psychological problems:

Obesity affects the way you see yourself and the way other people see youCan lead to depression and low self-esteem

2. Breathing problems:

Obesity strains the respiratory system

3. Bone and joint problems:

Due to lack of calcium in the dietObesity adds extra weight for the bones to carry

4. Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur when overweight

5. High cholesterol:

High cholesterol (from high fat diets) can lead to heart disease and stroke (an inactive lifestyle also contributes to heart disease and stroke)

6. Gall bladder difficulties:

Associated with obesity and high cholesterol

7. High blood pressure or hypertension:

Can lead to stroke, heart disease and kidney failureMust decrease salt intake and increase fruits and vegetables, whole grains and fibre

8. Stroke:

Direct result of high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity

9. Heart disease:

Result of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and inactivity