Perceptions Versus Reality: Women and Heart Disease

  • Published on
    30-Jan-2015

  • View
    949

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

 

Transcript

<ul><li> 1. Perceptions Versus Reality: Women and Heart Disease Ginger Hook, MSN, RN </li> <li> 2. Overview <ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss Statistics of heart disease </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Identify risk factors for women and heart disease </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss evidence-based guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li>Metbolic Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Define MetS </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss statistics of MetS </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss the findings of the ARIC Study </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss study from Arch Intern Med, 2004 </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Discuss NHANES II 1976-80, Follow up study </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Identify Scientific Evidence related to Definition </li></ul></li></ul></li> <li> 3. Statistics </li> <li> 4. Statistics <ul><li>Heart Disease and Stroke </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>First and third leading causes of death in US </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Accounts for more than 40% of all deaths </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li>About 95,000 Americans die of heart disease or stroke each year </li></ul><ul><li><ul><li>Amounts to one death every 33 seconds </li></ul></li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease is the leading cause of disability among working adults </li></ul></li> <li> 5. Age-Adjusted Mortality 2005 Epidemiological Report Northwest Indiana </li> <li> 6. Economics <ul><li>2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Nationwide cost for all cardiovascular disease was $300 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Heart disease the cost was $105 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke, $28 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Lost productivity due to stroke and heart disease cost mor than $129 billion </li></ul>2005 Epidemiological Report Northwest Indiana </li> <li> 7. Age-Adjusted Mortality 2005 Epidemiological Report Northwest Indiana </li> <li> 8. 2005 Epidemiological Report Northwest Indiana Sources: Indiana State Department Lake LaPorte Porter IN US HP 2010 Diseases of the Heart 264.1 271.7 224.6 246.1 240.8 213.7* Malignant Neoplasms 223.6 198.6 195.3 208.3 193.5 159.9 Chronic Lower Resp Diseases 44.6 52.4 36.6 51.1 43.5 Cerebrovascular Disease 52.7 48.6 45.3 59.4 56.2 48.0 Influenza/Pneumonia 13.2 10.8 10.5 21.6 22.6 Diabetes Mellitus 34.2 20.1 25.7 27.3 25.4 15.1* Motor Vehicle Accidents 14.6 19.6 16.9 15.0 15.7 9.2 Intentional Self-Harm 10.6 9.2 12.1 11.9 10.9 5.0 Assault 19.0 8.3 2.4 6.1 6.1 3.0 </li> <li> 9. Age-Adjusted Mortality </li> <li> 10. Women and Heart Disease </li> <li> 11. Heart Disease is the #1 Killer of Women <ul><li>Coronary heart disease is the single leading cause of death and a significant cause of morbidity among American women. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1997 CHD claimed the lives of 502,938 women (men had less deaths) </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1984, CVD has killed more American women than men each year. </li></ul></li> <li> 12. Breast Cancer is the REAL issue! <ul><li>Who cares about heart disease docI am more concerned about: </li></ul><ul><li>BREAST CANCER and lung cancer! </li></ul><ul><li>In a recent survey, 75% of women identified cancer as their leading cause of death </li></ul></li> <li> 13. Recent Screening </li> <li> 14. In perspective: <ul><li>1 in 2 women will die of heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 25 women will die of breast cancer. </li></ul></li> <li> 15. Coronary Heart Disease in Women <ul><li>Presentation and differences from men </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of women who die suddenly have no previously recognized symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Women are more prone to non-cardiac chest pain.. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact they may experience little or no squeezing chest pain in the center of the chest, lightheadedness, fainting, or shortness of breath with an MI (as seen on ER). </li></ul></li> <li> 16. Nationally: The Problem AWARENESS <ul><li>Perception </li></ul><ul><li>67% knowledgeable that chest pain can be heart disease </li></ul></li></ul>

Recommended

View more >