Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan - .Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan . ... Monroe

  • View
    214

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan - .Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan . ......

  • Pequonnock RiverWatershed Management Plan

    July 2011

    Prepared by

    emasTypewriterDRAFT

  • Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan

    Acknowledgements We would like to thank the following individuals and organizations for their contributions of time and effort to the development of this plan: Pequonnock River Initiative Steering Committee Ron Bunovsky, Conservation & Water Resources Commission, Monroe Karen Burnaska, Conservation & Water Resources Commission, Monroe Gregg Dancho, Executive Director, Beardsley Zoo Michael Dietz, Program Director, CT Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials Ted Grabarz, Sustainability Director, Bridgeport Steve Hladun, Bridgeport Parks & Recreation John Lauria, Inland Wetlands and Watercourses Commission, Trumbull Mary Ellen Lemay, Chair, Conservation Commission, Trumbull Bill Levin, Town Planner, Trumbull Marven Moss, Monroe Land Trust & Tree Conservancy Bill Quinn, Department of Health, Bridgeport Michael OReilly, Chair, Conservation & Water Resources Commission, Monroe Keith Rodgerson, City of Bridgeport Office of Planning & Economic Development Rich Rosen, Trout Unlimited Stephen Savarese, Town Engineer, Trumbull Scott Schatzlein, Town Engineer, Monroe Lois Spence, Inland Wetlands & Watercourses Commission, Monroe Lisa Trachtenburg, City Attorney, Bridgeport Jon Urquidi, City Engineer, Bridgeport Don Watson, Conservation Commission, Trumbull Pequonnock River Initiative Agency Representatives MaryAnn Nusom-Haverstock, Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Christopher Malik, Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Roman Mrozinski, Southwest Conservation District Pequonnock River Initiative Sub-Committees/Volunteers Christine Cook, Resident, Landscape Designer, Bridgeport Jack Dillon, Executive Director, Groundwork Bridgeport Chris German, CT Community Boating Association, Bridgeport Mary Keane, Trumbull Land Trust Sheri Neely, Fairfield County Environmental Justice Network Tony Pappantoniou, Housatonic Community College Julio Reinoso, Fairfield County Environmental Justice Network Volunteer Maggie Sackrider, Beardsley Zoo Paul Timpanelli, Executive Director, Bridgeport Regional Business Council David Wilgan, Trout Unlimited Gian Morresi, Trout Unlimited Jeanne Yuckienuz, Beardsley Zoo

  • Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan

    Pequonnock River Initiative Coordinator Chris Cryder, Save the Sound/Connecticut Fund for the Environment Consultants/Contractors Erik Mas and Daniel Buttrick, Fuss & ONeill Peter Fraboni and Dick Harris, Harbor Watch/River Watch program of EarthPlace Funding support for this plan was provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection through a Nonpoint Source Management Grant under Section 319(h) of the Federal Clean Water Act and a Water Quality Management Planning Grant under section 604(b) of the Federal Clean Water Act, and by the City of Bridgeport. .

  • Table of Contents

    Pequonnock River

    Watershed Management Plan

    Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan i

    Executive Summary .............................................................................1

    1 Introduction .................................................................................1 1.1 Background ..................................................................................................1 1.2 Plan Development Process .........................................................................8 1.3 Public Outreach .........................................................................................11

    2 Watershed Management Goals and Objectives ..................15 2.1 Watershed Management Goals ...............................................................15 2.2 Watershed Management Objectives ......................................................15

    2.2.1 Goal 1 Capacity Building for Plan Implementation .................16 2.2.2 Goal 2 Water Quality .....................................................................16 2.2.3 Goal 3 Habitat Protection and Restoration...............................17 2.2.4 Goal 4 Sustainable Land Use and Open Space.......................17 2.2.5 Goal 5 Education and Stewardship............................................17

    3 Plan Recommendations ...........................................................18 3.1 Capacity Building for Plan Implementation ............................................19

    3.1.1 Endorse the Plan and Establish a Watershed Organization ......19 3.1.2 Identify and Secure Funding ...........................................................21 3.1.3 Promote Regional Collaboration ...................................................21 3.1.4 Continue Watershed Field Assessments ........................................22

    3.2 Water Quality..............................................................................................23 3.2.1 Continue Water Quality Monitoring...............................................23 3.2.2 Promote Low Impact Development and Green Infrastructure 24 3.2.3 Implement Stormwater Retrofits .....................................................32 3.2.4 Implement MS4 Stormwater Management Programs................37 3.2.5 Restore and Protect Riparian Buffers .............................................38 3.2.6 Reduce the Impacts of Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems 41 3.2.7 Reduce Nuisance Waterfowl ..........................................................42 3.2.8 Identify and Eliminate Illicit Discharges .........................................43 3.2.9 Reduce Impacts from Hotspot Land Uses.....................................45

    3.3 Habitat Protection and Restoration ..........................................................46 3.3.1 Protect and Restore Aquatic and Stream Corridor Habitat......46 3.3.2 Protect and Restore Forests and Watershed Tree Canopy .......50 3.3.3 Manage Invasive Plant Species......................................................51 3.3.4 Conduct Cleanups and Discourage Illegal Dumping................52

    3.4 Sustainable Land Use and Open Space..................................................54 3.4.1 Strengthen Land Use Regulations...................................................54 3.4.2 Promote Sustainable Development...............................................64

  • Table of Contents

    Pequonnock River

    Watershed Management Plan

    Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan ii

    3.4.3 Address Flooding ...............................................................................65 3.4.4 Preserve and Protect Open Space................................................66 3.4.5 Link Green Spaces ............................................................................68 3.4.6 Increase Public Access to the River ...............................................70

    3.5 Education and Stewardship ......................................................................71 3.5.1 Create Pequonnock River Initiative Web Site ..............................72 3.5.2 Improve Local Government Awareness of Municipal Practices and Opportunities for Watershed Protection...............................72 3.5.3 Provide Outreach and Education to the Business Community 74 3.5.4 Conduct Outreach and Education for Parks and Institutional Land Owners......................................................................................75 3.5.5 Conduct Homeowner Outreach and Education........................76 3.5.6 Enhance School Education and Stewardship Programs ...........79

    4 Site-Specific Project Concepts ................................................81 4.1 Wolfe Park Stormwater and Buffer Improvements ..................................81 4.2 Stepney Elementary School Greenscaping ............................................86 4.3 Bart Shopping Center LID Retrofits ............................................................89 4.4 Beardsley Park LID Retrofits .......................................................................91 4.5 Bridgeport City Hall LID Retrofits ...............................................................94 4.6 Green/Complete Streets ...........................................................................97 4.7 Trumbull Public Library LID.........................................................................99 4.8 Old Mine Park Restoration.......................................................................100 4.9 Knowlton Park...........................................................................................102 4.10 Regional Stormwater Retrofits .................................................................104 4.11 Water Street Green Infrastructure...........................................................106

    5 Pollutant Load Reductions......................................................108

    6 Schedule, Milestones, and Evaluation Criteria ....................116

    7 Funding Sources ......................................................................116

    8 References ...............................................................................116

  • Table of Contents

    Pequonnock River

    Watershed Management Plan

    Pequonnock River Watershed Management Plan iii

    Tables Page 3-1 Green Infrastructure Practices 25 3-2 Potential Stormwater Retrofit Opportunities 33 3-3 Potential Buffer Restoration Opportunities 39 3-4 Potential Stream Restoration Opportunities 48 3-5 Focus Areas for Potential Stream Cleanups 53 5-1 Anticipated Annual Pollutant Load Reductions 111 5-2 Anticipated Annual Pollutant Load Reductions of Varying Levels of Green

    Infrastructure/LID Retrofits 111 5-