Peace Corps EWE O.P.L. WORKBOOK (Oral Proficiency Learning

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  • EWE O.P.L. WORKBOOK(Oral Proficiency Learning)

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  • i

    Acknowledgement

    Peace Corps Togo is very pleased to present the first ever Ewe local language manual

    to Peace Corps Togo Trainees and Volunteers. This manual has become a reality due

    to the meticulous work of many people.

    The training team expresses its deepest gratitude to the Peace Togo Country Director

    George Monagan, for having taken the initiative to have materials developed in local

    languages. His support is tremendous.

    The team is grateful to Peace Corps Togo Admin Officer, Priscilla Ashamu Sampil

    and all the Administrative Staff for their logistical support and for having made funds

    available for this material development.

    A genuine appreciation to the language Testing Specialist Mildred Rivera-Martinez,

    the Training Specialist Rasa Edwards, to Stacy Cummings Technical Training

    Specialist, and all the Training Staff from the Center for their advice and assistance.

    A sincere gratitude to Peace Corps Togo Training Manager Blandine Samani-Zozo

    for her guidance and lively participation in the manual development.

    A word of recognition to all Peace Corps Volunteers who worked assiduously with

    the training team by offering their input.

    Congratulations to Trainers Sarah A. GOE, Kossi Nyonyo, Essi Gbededzi and the

    Training Secretary Jean B. Kpadenou who have worked diligently and

    conscientiously to develop this manual.

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  • ii

    To the learner

    Congratulations to all of you Peace Corps Trainees and Volunteers for your

    acceptance to learn a new language. Of course learning a new language is not easy,

    but with dedication you will make it and achieve your goals.

    This manual is competency based and contains useful expressions related to all

    training components such as technique, health, safety and security. This will build up

    your ability to communicate in local language and will bring you closer to the

    community with which you will work.

    This capacity will also enable you to know your community better. You will

    participate effectively and with increased personal satisfaction in the type of cultural

    and technical exchange that Peace Corps has been advocating for since its creation.

    Some suggestions for succeeding in this learning process is being receptive and taking

    risks. Use the new language, analyze it and be methodic. Search for new words with

    friends, host families, and counterparts.

    The training staff invites you to share your comments in the event that it becomes

    necessary to revise the material. Any kind of feedback would be most welcomed.

    Send it to:

    Peace Corps Togo Training Manager

    PO Box: 3194

    Lom, Togo

    Have fun and enjoy using this manual

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  • iii

    Table of Contents Page

    Acknowledgement .................................................................................................................... i

    To the learner .......................................................................................................................... ii

    EWE ALPHABET .................................................................................................................. 1

    Lesson 1 .................................................................................................................................... 4

    Greetings .................................................................................................................................. 4

    Lesson 2 Introduce oneself and someone else .................................................................... 12

    Lesson 3 Introduce ones family ........................................................................................ 19

    Lesson 4 Buying essential items ......................................................................................... 27

    Lesson 5 Talk about food habits of the host country ....................................................... 39

    Lesson 6 Invite someone, accept or decline an invitation ................................................ 46

    Lesson 7 Talk about daily activities .................................................................................. 51

    Lesson 8 Ask for and give direction and time .................................................................. 58

    Lesson 9 Talk about transportation ................................................................................... 66

    Lesson 10 Talk about ones state of health ........................................................................ 73

    Lesson 11 Express ones sympathy in a happy or sad event ............................................ 78

    Lesson 12 Ask for help in an emergency case.................................................................... 83

    Lesson 13 Talk about her/his work .................................................................................... 89

    Useful expressions ................................................................................................................. 96

    English to Ewe Glossary ....................................................................................................... 99

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  • 1

    EWE ALPHABET

    The Ewe alphabet has 30 letters: 7 vowels and 23 consonants

    A B D E F f G H X

    a b d e f g h x

    I K L M N O P R S T

    I k l m n o p r s t

    U V W Y Z

    u v w y z

    The vowels ares:

    A E I O u Summary of ewe alphabet

    Letter Pronunciation

    (similar sound in English)

    Ewe Example English Translation

    a father ati Tree

    b boy aiba Papaya

    d Dog dodokp Exam

    leather (but made by flicking the

    tongue against the palate toward the

    back of the mouth)

    evi Kid

    e mate egbe Today

    red, bet ppp Exactly

    f fish fafa Coolness

    Pronounced as you blow air through

    your lips Ae House

    g go Togot Togolese

    pretend you are gargling and add a

    vowel at the end of the syllable leti

    Month, noon

    gb say ''egg-beater'' fast ; drop the ''-ter''

    then the first ''e'' gboma Spinach

    h hat aha Drink

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  • 2

    Letter Pronunciation

    (similar sound in English)

    Ewe Example English Translation

    x Like h in english. Example: how Xevi

    XoXo

    Bird

    Old

    i feet fita Mecanic

    k kitten kpo Cup

    kp say pick-pocket fast;

    drop the ''-ket'' then the ''pi'' akpe Thank

    l lady ale Sheep

    m man Mawu God

    n net neti Coconut tree

    sing di

    Morning/ greeting

    ny French "peigner", Spanish "seor" nynu Woman

    o no Togo Togo

    paw, log; ball t Father

    p pick Peya Avocado.

    r Africa (but roll the "r" a little) Afrika Africa

    s sit suku School

    t tip ati Tree

    u loop suku School

    ts Like ch in english church tsitsa Teacher

    v vat eve Two

    Put the end of a pen in your mouth and

    try to pronounce the sound v, then try

    it without the pen and you will obtain

    the sound

    tru

    ee

    A door

    Ewe

    w wish woez Welcome

    y you eya Wind

    z zip az Feast

    dz Pronounced like J in the english

    word jogging dzo To leave

    Nasalized vowels

    The sign ~, slight sound of an, over the vowel indicates that it is nasalized.

    For example: el = meat

    l l nudwla = Volunteer

    Tones

    Ewe is a tonal language as are most African languages. The major tones are:

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  • 3

    High (/) Low (\)

    For example: m = we

    m = you

    Word formation

    Ewe is a composite language, meaning that basic words are often rearranged and

    combined to make verbs into nouns or adjectives.

    For example: u (nu) to eat (something) Nuuu food, meal

    Nouns are combined with prepositions to form other words: For example:

    Ae house/city, village of ones birth -me inside of - Aeme home

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  • 4

    Lesson 1

    Greetings

    Objectives:

    After studying this lesson on greetings, trainees will be able to:

    1) Use the specific vocabulary related to greetings to greet people at the different times

    of the day

    2) Use the specific verbs in the present tense 3) Discuss cultural notes related to greetings 4) Communicate, to build social relationship and friendship in Ewe communities in

    order to support their personal safety and security.

    5) Practice greeting in the community while respecting the culture of the Ewe community.

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  • 5

    Dailogue

    Its seven a.m. Sara meets Kossi her neighbor and they greet.

    Sara: di fofovi

    Kossi: di Dadavi. Aemetwe?

    Sara: Wf

    Kossi: eviwe?

    Sara: Wf

    Kossi: Ets be d?

    Sara: D ts. Miagadgo

    Kossi: Yoo, miagadgo.

    Dialogue in English

    Sara: Good morning, young man

    Kossi: Good morning, young lady. How are the members of your family?

    (how is the family?)

    Sara: They are fine