PANEL A2 TO OUR WORLD: ENVIRONMENT. WATER, ENERGY, WASTE MANAGEMENT. Name : Dr.Nandakumaran P Designation: Regional Director Organization : Central Ground Water Board Email : email@example.com. WATER. WATER AVAILABILITY - INDIA. WATER SCENARIO - INDIA. WATER AVAILABILITY (PER CAPITA). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
For Our World
PANEL A2TO OUR WORLD: ENVIRONMENTName: Dr.Nandakumaran PDesignation: Regional DirectorOrganization: Central Ground Water BoardEmail: firstname.lastname@example.orgWATER, ENERGY, WASTE MANAGEMENTWATER
WATER AVAILABILITY - INDIA
WATER SCENARIO - INDIA
WATER AVAILABILITY (PER CAPITA)WATER STRESS & SCARCITY
FRESH WATER AVAILABILITY Total Precipitation: 4000 BCM Total Water Availability: 1869 BCM Total Utilizable Water : 1122 BCMSurface Water - 690 Ground Water - 432 ANTICIPATED DEMAND (BCM)In 2010: 813 710*
In 2025: 1093 843*
In 2050: 1447 1180 *
Total Utilizable Water : 1122 (690+432) S.W G.W * With improved managementWATER MANAGEMENT ISSUESNon-availability of ResourceSustainability IssuesInefficient useContaminationClimate Change?
WATER MANAGEMENT ISSUES RURAL AREASLow penetration of protected water supply schemes30% rural Indian lack access to safe drinking water suppliesOnly 7 States have rural areas with full drinking water supply.Sustainability Issues (Slipped back habitations)Neglect of traditional water management practicesO & M Issues ( Lack of technical expertise ??)Contamination (natural/man-made, poor sanitation)Inefficient use of available resources.
SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT- OPTIONS ???Supply SideNew Sources & Technologies Recharge Augmentation (RWH, Water Conservation)Better sanitationDemand SideImproved water use efficiencyIncentives / RegulationIECAwareness creationCapacity building of grass-root level stakeholders
ENERGYIndian Energy Scenario
Over 40% households do not have electricity.Nearly 1/3rd of our energy is still from non-commercial sources (biomass).Per capita energy consumption is third and per capita electricity consumption is fifth of the world average.India faces an enormous demand supply gap of about 11% energy shortage and 14% peak power shortage.
Options ??Renewable energy sources Solar (Photovoltaic /Thermal)WindTidalGeothermalBiomassSmall Hydroelectric schemesBio-fuelsImprovement in Energy EfficiencyImproved Storage TechnologiesAwareness creation / Capacity building
WASTE MANAGEMENTINDIAN SCENARIOOver 50 Million Tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated per annum.Per-capita waste generation increasing @ 1.3% & total waste generation @ 5% per annumOpen Dumping is common No scientific closure of Landfills - Health impact, GHG emissions etc.Little work done on scientific waste management waste minimization, reuse, recycling.Suburban & rural areas worst affected!POSSIBLE APPROACHESWaste ManagementMinimizationSegregationRecyclingProcessing (Resource Recovery)TransformationSanitary Land fillsMethod to beTechnically sound & Financially viableEnvironment-friendlyEasy to operate & maintain ( by local communities)Decentralized ( Processing at source to the extent feasible)Sustainable & acceptable to the local community.