PANEL A2 TO OUR WORLD: ENVIRONMENT

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PANEL A2 TO OUR WORLD: ENVIRONMENT. WATER, ENERGY, WASTE MANAGEMENT. Name : Dr.Nandakumaran P Designation: Regional Director Organization : Central Ground Water Board Email : pnkm62@gmail.com. WATER. WATER AVAILABILITY - INDIA. WATER SCENARIO - INDIA. WATER AVAILABILITY (PER CAPITA). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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For Our World

PANEL A2TO OUR WORLD: ENVIRONMENTName: Dr.Nandakumaran PDesignation: Regional DirectorOrganization: Central Ground Water BoardEmail: pnkm62@gmail.comWATER, ENERGY, WASTE MANAGEMENTWATER

WATER AVAILABILITY - INDIA

WATER SCENARIO - INDIA

WATER AVAILABILITY (PER CAPITA)WATER STRESS & SCARCITY

FRESH WATER AVAILABILITY Total Precipitation: 4000 BCM Total Water Availability: 1869 BCM Total Utilizable Water : 1122 BCMSurface Water - 690 Ground Water - 432 ANTICIPATED DEMAND (BCM)In 2010: 813 710*

In 2025: 1093 843*

In 2050: 1447 1180 *

Total Utilizable Water : 1122 (690+432) S.W G.W * With improved managementWATER MANAGEMENT ISSUESNon-availability of ResourceSustainability IssuesInefficient useContaminationClimate Change?

WATER MANAGEMENT ISSUES RURAL AREASLow penetration of protected water supply schemes30% rural Indian lack access to safe drinking water suppliesOnly 7 States have rural areas with full drinking water supply.Sustainability Issues (Slipped back habitations)Neglect of traditional water management practicesO & M Issues ( Lack of technical expertise ??)Contamination (natural/man-made, poor sanitation)Inefficient use of available resources.

SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT- OPTIONS ???Supply SideNew Sources & Technologies Recharge Augmentation (RWH, Water Conservation)Better sanitationDemand SideImproved water use efficiencyIncentives / RegulationIECAwareness creationCapacity building of grass-root level stakeholders

ENERGYIndian Energy Scenario

Over 40% households do not have electricity.Nearly 1/3rd of our energy is still from non-commercial sources (biomass).Per capita energy consumption is third and per capita electricity consumption is fifth of the world average.India faces an enormous demand supply gap of about 11% energy shortage and 14% peak power shortage.

Options ??Renewable energy sources Solar (Photovoltaic /Thermal)WindTidalGeothermalBiomassSmall Hydroelectric schemesBio-fuelsImprovement in Energy EfficiencyImproved Storage TechnologiesAwareness creation / Capacity building

WASTE MANAGEMENTINDIAN SCENARIOOver 50 Million Tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated per annum.Per-capita waste generation increasing @ 1.3% & total waste generation @ 5% per annumOpen Dumping is common No scientific closure of Landfills - Health impact, GHG emissions etc.Little work done on scientific waste management waste minimization, reuse, recycling.Suburban & rural areas worst affected!POSSIBLE APPROACHESWaste ManagementMinimizationSegregationRecyclingProcessing (Resource Recovery)TransformationSanitary Land fillsMethod to beTechnically sound & Financially viableEnvironment-friendlyEasy to operate & maintain ( by local communities)Decentralized ( Processing at source to the extent feasible)Sustainable & acceptable to the local community.

THANK YOU