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10th Grade English/Adcock

Poetry

Name: _________________________________________________________ Period: ________

10th Grade Poetry Unit Packet

POETRY TERMS

Directions: Copy the example given for each poetry term below.

Figurative Language Language that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect

Example: most of the following terms are commonly used examples of figurative language.

Allusion A reference to a historical figure, place, or event

Example:

Simile A direct comparison between two basically different things that is introduced by the words like or as

Example:

Metaphor An implied comparison between two basically different things that is not introduced with the words like or as

Example:

Hyperbole A great exaggeration to emphasize strong feeling

Example:

Personification Human characteristics are given to non-human animals, objects, or ideas

Example:

Imagery The use of concrete details that appeal to the five senses

Example:

Free Verse Poetry without a regular pattern of meter (beat) or rhyme

Mood The overall atmosphere or prevailing emotional feeling of a work

Example:

End Rhyme The repetition of identical sounds at the ends of lines of poetry

Example:

Internal Rhyme The repetition of identical sounds within a line of poetry

Example:

Slant Rhyme A slant rhyme or half rhyme occurs when the vowel sounds are not quite identical

Example:

Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story

Example:

Repetition The repeating of a sound, word, phrase, or more in a given literary work

Example:

Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

Example:

Assonance The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant

Example:

Consonance The repetition of consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds

Example:

Onomatopoeia The use of words whose sounds suggest the sounds made by objects or activities

Example:

Symbol Something concrete (such as an object) that stands for something abstract (such as a concept or an idea)

Example:

Theme - The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work

Example:

Sonnet - A fourteen-line poem that is divided into three quatrains (rhyming four-line stanzas) and a concluding couplet (pair of rhyming lines). Each quatrain makes a point or gives an example, and the couplet sums it all up.

Example:

Ode A long lyric poem about a serious subject, written in a dignified style

Example:

***IMPORTANT: Remember a poems speaker is different from its poet.

A poet can give his character any ideas or beliefs that are necessary to carry out the poems purpose. Therefore, we should always remember that the speaker of the poem, the individual doing the talking, realizing or pondering, is NOT always the poet. When analyzing a poem, always refer to this individual as the speaker of the poem.

ANALYZING POETRY

Steps to Analyzing a Poem

Read once.

Read again and decide what you already know.

Divide the poem in to parts you are comfortable with (stanzas, lines, etc.). Look for natural breaks in subject or shifts in form or tone.

Look up all words you do not understand.

Circle/underline all the examples of sound techniques and figurative language you can find, paying special attention to patterns between them.

Deconstruct any imagery, similes, metaphors or confusing language.

Start to draw conclusions.

Inject your own perspective!

After youre finished, your poem should look something like this:

POEM #1

Eating Together by Li-Young Lee

In the steamer is the trout

seasoned with slivers of ginger,

two sprigs of green onion, and sesame oil.

We shall eat it with rice for lunch,

5brothers, sister, my mother who will

taste the sweetest meat of the head,

holding it between her fingers

deftly, the way my father did

weeks ago. Then he lay down

10to sleep like a snow-covered road

winding through pines older than him,

without any travelers, and lonely for no one.

Analysis Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions THOROUGHLY and in complete sentences.

1. Cite THREE examples of imagery in the poem.

2. What simile tells you what has happened to the father?

3. What is the tone of this poem the feeling or attitude the speaker takes toward the events he describes?

4. What details especially suggest that tone to you?

POEM #2

Pre-reading Question

If you were asked to name one food you associate with your family or with your childhood, what would it be? Jot down some notes.

Grape Sherbet by Rita Dove

The day? Memorial.

After the grill

Dad appears with his masterpiece -

swirled snow, gelled light.

5We cheer. The recipe's

a secret and he fights

a smile, his cap turned up

so the bib resembles a duck.

That morning we galloped

10through the grassed-over mounds

and named each stone

for a lost milk tooth. Each dollop

of sherbet, later,

is a miracle,

15like salt on a melon that makes it sweeter.

Everyone agrees - it's wonderful!

It's just how we imagined lavender

would taste. The diabetic grandmother

stares from the porch,

20a torch

of pure refusal.

We thought no one was lying

there under our feet,

we thought it

25was a joke. I've been trying

to remember the taste,

but it doesn't exist.

Now I see why

you bothered,

30father.

Analysis Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions THOROUGHLY and in complete sentences.

1. What metaphor describes the grandmother, in lines 18-21? What is she refusing? Why?

2. Why does the taste of sherbet no longer exist (lines 25-27)?

3. What does the speaker mean when she says, Now I see why you bothered, father?

4. What tone do you hear in this poem what feeling does the speaker reveal toward this family memory?

POEM #3

Simile by N. Scott Momaday

What did we say to each other

that now we are as the deer

who walk in single file

with heads high

5with ears forward

with eyes watchful

with hooves always placed on firm ground

in whose limbs there is latent flight

Analysis Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions THOROUGHLY and in complete sentences.

1. Whom is the speaker addressing? Before the poem begins, what has happened?

2. An extended simile continues a comparison for several lines or even through an entire poem. What is this poems extended simile?

3. What is the significance of the phrase latent flight?

4. How would you characterize the mood of the poem?

POEM #4

Pre-reading Question

In this poem, Dickinson tells about the conflict between will and emotion, between the thinking mind and the feeling heart. Which do you think is more powerful the mind or the heart? Does one control the other, or are they completely separate systems?

Heart! We will forget him! by Emily Dickinson

Heart, we will forget him!

You and I tonight!

You may forget the warmth he gave

I will forget the light.

5When you have done, pray tell me

That I may straight begin!

Haste! lest while you're lagging

I remember him!

Analysis Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions THOROUGHLY and in complete sentences.

1. How is personification being used in the poem? What is being personified and for what purpose? Explain.

2. What is the speakers tone? How do you know?

3. What purpose does punctuation serve in the speakers message?

4. What is the rhyme scheme?

POEM #5

Pre-reading Question

Before you read this poem, consider this: why would someone want to compare the person he or she loves to a summers day?

Directions: Mark up the following poem as you read through it.

Shall I Compare Thee to a Summers Day? by William Shakespeare

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

5Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed;

But thy eternal summer shall not fade

10Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;

Nor shall Death brag thou wandrest in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

Analysis Questions

Directions: Answer the following questions THOROUGHLY and in complete sentences.

1. What makes this poem a sonnet?

2. In lines 3-8, the speaker continues to think about his comparison. What imagery does he use to show that summer weather is unpredictable?

3. Explain the metaphor and personification in lines 5-8? Why is the eye of heaven neither constant nor trustworthy?

4. In the third quatrain (lines 9-12), the