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  • Proposal for Implementation ofNational Information System for

    Climate and Environment Studies (NICES)Appraisal to PMC

    nrscNATIONAL REMOTE SENSING CENTRE

    Indian Space Research OrganisationDepartment of Space

    March 19th 2013

  • NICES: FormationEstablishing NICES has evolved through a series of deliberations among variousdepartments and ministries.

    Inter-ministerial consultations held under the aegis of the Planning Commission on January14, 2010, suggested for incubation of NICES at ISRO.

    Secretaries from DOS, DST, MoES, and representatives from MoEF attended the meeting.A few recommendations made are:(i) NICES be co-funded by DOS, MoEF, MoES and DST;(ii) Objective of Regional Climate Change Modeling to be continued with IITM;(iii) A climate monitoring centre be setup/ recognized with collaboration of DOS and MoEF.(iii) A climate monitoring centre be setup/ recognized with collaboration of DOS and MoEF.

    This may have a climate data centre wherein all scientific Ministries would providerelated data available with them;

    (iv) National Institute of Himalayan Glaciology (NIHG) be co-funded by DST, ISRO andMoEF.

    Chairman ISRO/Secretary DOS has issued an Office Order constituting NICES atNRSC vide ref no: SC/CH/A.22/73/2012 dated 28th September 2012.

    Accordingly, NICES is to be established with the active involvement of existing programmesof ISRO viz., ISRO-GBP, EOS, EO applications in environmental studies etc., and otherdepartments.

  • NICES is to setup a dedicated Information System for Climate and Environment Studies at national level using Indian Remote Sensing and geostationary satellites data and others.

    NICES : GOAL

    NICES will build specific observational networks, effectively coordinate among various departments and carry out climate and environmental impact assessment through formulation of a Science Plan.

  • NICES: ObjectivesNICES would generate climate and environmental data archives with aprovision for access and visualization to various ministries, academia andresearch institutions in the country.

    NICES will work towards developing intra and inter departmental linkagesand collaboration for information and knowledge sharing in the area ofclimate & environment studies, and extend policy level support.

  • Specific objectives:1. Establishment and development of linkages with appropriate observational networks,

    and calibration & validation sites.

    2. Geophysical parameter retrieval and generation of methodologies from Indian EOmissions.

    3. Acquisition and processing of international missions data for other relevantparameters to support Indian EO ECVs and cal/val and generation of long term datarecords.

    4. Generation of spatial & temporal blended ECV products based on through multi-institutional participation.institutional participation.

    5. Establish necessary infrastructure including hardware and software for NICES

    6. Establishment of NICES portal

    7. Development of methodologies to carry out scientific studies and partner with othernational organisations in using ECV for impact assessment, adaptation, vulnerabilityand mitigation etc.

    8. Develop outreach and interaction mechanism for effective dissemination andutilization of NICES ECVs

    9. Promote scientific utilization and collaboration in the area of climate andenvironment.

  • NICES: Programme Structure and Activities

    NICES programme will be under the supervisory guidance of NICES-ProgrammeManagement Council (NICES-PMC).

    Constitution of PMC:Chairman, PMC Director, NRSC

    Members from:ISRO/DOS Centres: NRSC, SAC, PRL, SPL, NARL, IIRS, ISAC, EOS,ISRO/DOS Centres: NRSC, SAC, PRL, SPL, NARL, IIRS, ISAC, EOS,IMD, IITM, WIHG, MoEF, MoESDivecha Centre-IISc., ICAR, TERI,Programme Director NICES

    A Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) comprising members from ISRO/DOSCentres will periodically review the NICES activities ( to be formed).

  • Atmosphere

    Radiation budget

    Upper air temperature

    Water vapour

    Wind vector

    Cloud properties

    Precipitation

    Aerosols

    Inland water utilisation

    Cloud cover

    Glaciers

    Snow cover

    KALPANA-1(VHRR)

    INSAT-3A(VHRR, CCD )

    INSAT-2E (VHRR)

    RESOURCESAT-1

    (Multispetral -Land and Water)

    RISAT-1(C-band. SAR)

    (Humidity Profile, Water Vapour,

    Wind & Convective Rain areas )

    (GHGs: CH4, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, ,SO2 )

    INSAT-3D(Atm. Sounding & Imaging)

    MEGHA-TROPIQUES ENVIRON-SAT 1

    (Aerosols)

    IMS-1

    Present In the anvil Futuristic

    Cloud Motion Vectors , SST, Water Vapour, Outgoing Radiation

    MEGHA-TROPIQUES(Radiation Budget)

    ENVIRON-SAT 2

    TSU(Temp Sounding unit)

    RESOURCESAT 3(Multispetral -Land and

    Water)

    Retrieval of Essential Climate Variables Using Satellites

    Land Snow cover

    Forest

    Crops

    Biomass

    Land cover

    Soil moisture

    Fire damage

    Ocean

    Sea Surface Temp.

    Sea Surface Salinity

    Sea Surface Wave Ht.

    Ocean colour

    Sea level, Sea state

    Sea ice

    OCEANSAT-2

    RESOURCESAT 2(Multispetral -Land and

    Water)

    (C-band. SAR)

    (Vegetation, Soil Moisture,

    Disaster)

    (Ka Band Altimetry

    for Sea Wave Height)

    SARAL(Scatterometer,

    OCM, Radio Occultaion)

    (Wind Vector,

    Suspend Sediments,

    Chlorophyll, Humidily &

    Temp Profiles)

    IMS-1(MXT, HYSi)

    HyperSpectral-

    Land & Water

    OCEANSAT-3(OCM/TIR)

    (Suspend Sediments,

    Chlorophyll, SST)

    SCATSAT(Scatterometer)

    (Wind Vector)

    RISAT-3(L-band SAR)

    (Vegetation, Soil Moisture,

    Disaster)

  • YEARL-1&2 MSS

    L-2 MSS L-3 MSS

    L-4 MSS

    L-5 MSS L-5 TM

    SPOT -1 IRS-1A IRS-1B

    ERS-1/2 IRS-P2 IRS-1C IRS-P3 IRS-1D IRS-P6 IRS-P5 IRS-C2

    RESOURCESAT-2

    RISAT-1

    1979 1979 19791980 1980 1980 19801981 1981 1981 19811982 1982 1982 19821983 1983 19831984 19841985 1985 1985 19851986 1986 1986 19861987 1987 1987 19871988 1988 1988 1988 1988 19881989 1989 1989 1989 1989 19891990 1990 1990 1990 1990 19901991 1991 1991 1991 1991 19911992 1992 1992 19921993 1993 1993 1993 19931994 1994 1994 1994 19941995 1995 1995 1995 1995 19951996 1996 1996 1996 1996 19961997 1997 1997 1997 1997 19971998 1998 1998 1998 1998 19981999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999

    Archival policy implemented for IRS-1A/1B & LANDSAT till 1997. 4 Coverage's per year archived

    After 1997 all the data sets are archived

    Media cost has come down

    Historical data are invaluable

    Prior to 1988 only NON IRS data available

    RISAT 1 Microwave C-band

    Earth Observation Satellites Land missions

    Resourcesat 2LISS 3 (23m)LISS 4 (5.8m)AWiFS (55m)

    Landsat MSS (82m)TM (30 m)

    IRS-1C/1DLISS-3 (23/70m)PAN (5.8m); WiFS (188m)

    IRS-P3WiFS, MOS X-Ray

    Resourcesat 1 LISS 3 (23m)LISS 4 (5.8m)AWiFS (55m)

    Cartosat 1PAN-2.5M, F/A

    CARTOSAT-2 PAN 1m

    1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 19992000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 20002001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 20012002 2002 2002 2002 20022003 2003 2003 2003 2003 20032004 2004 2004 2004 20042005 2005 2005 2005 20052006 2006 2006 2006 20062007 2007 2007 2007 2007 20072008 2008 2008 20082009 2009 2009 20092010 2010 2010 20102011 2011 2011 2011 20112012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012

    IRS-1A & 1B LISS-1&2 (72/36m)

    Spot Multi Spectral (20m)Pan (10 m)

  • YEAR NOAA IRS-P4 MODIS Oceansat-21979 19791980 19801981 19811982 19821983 19831984 19841985 19851986 19861987 19871988 19881989 19891990 19901991 19911992 19921993 19931994 19941995 19951996 19961997 19971998 19981999 1999 19992000 2000 20002001 2001 20012002 2002 2002 2002

    Earth Observation Satellites Ocean & atmospheric missions

    2002 2002 2002 20022003 2003 2003 20032004 2004 2004 20042005 2005 2005 20052006 2006 2006 20062007 2007 2007 20072008 2008 2008 2008 20082009 2009 2009 2009 20092010 2010 2010 2010 20102011 2011 20112012 2012 2012

    Oceansat 1

    OCM (360m), MSMR

    NOAA

    AVHRR (1.1 Km)

    AquaMODIS ( 250m, 500m & 1Km)

    TERRAMODIS ( 250m, 500m & 1Km)

    Oceansat 2OCM (360m),- LACOCM ( 1Km) GAC Scatrometer

    TotalVolume

    1276 TB

  • Major challengesRaw Data Records of IRS & INSAT series (RDRs)

    Satellite Data Records (SDRs) atmospherically corrected

    Environmental Data Records (EDRs)-- < 10yrs (applictions)

    ??

    Climate Data Records (CDRs) - >10 yrs (include insitu)

    Reprocessing , process modeling , simulation scenarios' Observational net works etc.

    interdepartmental issues and policy PMC& Science plan and implementation SSC

  • Core TeamDy Prog.director,Prog. Manager

    Project Director(Terrestrial Sciences)

    Project Director(IT&S)

    ISRO Centres(SAC, SPL, PRL,NARL, IIRS, NESAC)

    ISRO Programmes(EOS, GBP, SSO, ASP, ICO etc.)

    NICES PMC(Apex body)

    Prog. Director, NICES

    DirectorNRSC

    Scientific SteeringCommittee

    NICES Programmatic Structure

    InformationSystems (IT &S)

    Outreach andData dissemination

    Data Processing &Products (DP&P)

    Observations &Infrastructure

    (Terrestrial Sciences)

    Project DirectorDP&P

    (IT&S)

    Project Director(Ocean Sciences)

    Project Director(Atmospheric Sciences)

    Project ManagerOutreach

    Participating Depts(MoES, MoEF, DST, CSIR etc.)

    Theme Leader - nTheme Leader - 2Theme Leader-1

    Principal Investigator - nPrincipal Investigator - 2Principal Investigator - 1