# NAME/NAAM: GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE ... ... GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE 1 Name the FOUR layers of the earth and give the following information/ Benoem die VIER lae van die aarde

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### Text of NAME/NAAM: GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE ... ... GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE 1 Name the FOUR layers...

• NAME/NAAM: ______________________________________________________________

GEOMORPHOLOGY/ GEOMORFOLOGIE

1 Name the FOUR layers of the earth and give the following information/ Benoem die VIER

lae van die aarde en gee die volgende

inligting ( figure/ figuur 3.25):

1______________________________

Density/ Digtheid________________________

Thickness/ dikte ______________________

Description/

beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

_______________________

___________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________

2_____________________________

Density/ Digtheid________________________

Thickness/ Dikte ________________________

Description/

Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________

3_____________________________

Density/ Digtheid________________________

Thickness/ Dikte_________________________

Description/

Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

_______________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________

• 4____________________________

Density/ Digtheid_______________________

Thickness/ Dikte _______________________

Description/

Beskrywing__________________________________________________________________

_______________________

___________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________

2. Name the THREE main rock types and define each one/ Benoem die DRIE hoof gesteente tipes

en definieer elkeen:

-______________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

__________________

___________________________________________________________________________

__________________

-______________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________

-______________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________

3. Which rock type are “crystalline”?/ Watter rots soort is “kristallyn”?

______________________________

What is the meaning of “crystalline”?/ Wat beteken “kristallyn”?

• __________________________________________________________________________________

___________

__________________________________________________________________________________

___________

4. Complete/ Voltooi:

If the magma cools slowly the crystals are ________________. If the magma cools quickly

the crystals are ___________________. As die magma stadig afkoel, is die kristalle

__________________. As die magma vining

afkoel, is die kristalle _______________________.

5. “All igneous rocks are massive.” What does it mean?/ “Alle stollingsgesteentes is massief”.

Wat beteken dit?

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________

6. What is the difference between/ Wat is die verskil tussen:

- intrusive rock/intrusiewe gesteentes

_______________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________

and/ en

-extrusive rock/ ekstrusiewe

gesteentes_________________________________________________________________________

____

__________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________

7. Give THREE excamples of igneous rock/ Gee DRIE voorbeelde van stollingsgesteentes:

_________________________

_________________________

• _________________________

8. Give two uses of igneous rocks/ Gee twee gebruike van stollingsgesteentes

__________________________________________________________________________________

_________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_________________

9. Explain how sedimentary rocks is formed/ Verduidelik hoe sedimentere gesteentes

gevorm word.

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________

10. Give THREE most commen types mechanically formed sedimentary rocks/ Gee DRIE van

die algemeenste soorte meganies gevormde

sedimentere gesteentes:

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

11. Give TWO types of organically formed sedimentary rocks/ Gee TWEE tipes organies

gevormde sedimentere gesteentes:

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

• 12. Metamorphic rock formed from different sedimentary rocks and igneous rocks – for

example/ Metamorfiese gesteentes vorm uit verskillende sedimetere- en stollingsgesteentes:

-sandstone/ sandsteen > quartzite/ kwartsiet

-limestone/ kalksteen > _______________

-shale/ skalie > _______________

-granite/ granite > _______________

13. Give FOUR uses of metamorphic rocks/ Gee VIER gebruike van metamorfiese

gesteentes:

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

14. Complete/ Voltooi:

Fossils are find in/ Fossiele word gevind in _____________________

15. Define/ Definieer:

-bedding plane/ laagvlakke

__________________________________________________________________________________

_

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

-rock cycle/

rotssiklus__________________________________________________________________________

______________

__________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________

16. The rock cycle happens over hundreds of millions of years/. Complete the cycle

numbered( figure 3.19): 1 to 10:

• Die rotssiklus geskied oor honderde miljoene jare./ Voltooi die siklus, genommer 1 tot

10:

1 ____________________________________________________________

2 ____________________________________________________________

3 ____________________________________________________________

4 ____________________________________________________________

5 ______________

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