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  • Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress

    Guides to Special Collections in the Music Division of the Library of Congress

    Music Division, Library of CongressWashington, D.C.

    2005Revised 2017 January

    Contact information:

    Additional search options available at:

    LC Online Catalog record:

    Processed by the Music Division of the Library of Congress

  • Collection SummaryTitle: Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of CongressSpan Dates: circa 1000-circa 1990Call No.: ML31.M6Collector: Moldenhauer, HansExtent: 3,600 items ; 131 boxes ; 206 linear feetLanguage: Collection material in EnglishLocation: Music Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.Summary: The archives consist primarily of music (both manuscript and printed), correspondence, photographs, soundrecordings, books, newspaper clippings, printed programs, drawings, and engravings. They span years from the MiddleAges to the present, and include documents of composers, musicians, and literary figures, among others. The music in thecollection includes holograph scores or sketches, both published and unpublished, as well as a number of copyists' andprinted scores, transcriptions, and arrangements by composers and musicians such as Beethoven, Bloch, Brahms, Chopin,Franck, Mendelssohn, Puccini, Rimsky-Korsakov, Schoenberg, Webern, and many others. Also included is historicallyimportant correspondence, such as letters of Metastasio and Handel. Some composers (Arnold Schoenberg and AntonWebern, for example) are represented by numerous manuscripts. A sample of other composers, musicians, and literaryfigures that are represented by both music and nonmusical materials includes George Auric, Johann Sebastian Bach, BlaBartk, Hector Berlioz, Georges Bizet, Pierre Boulez, Anton Bruckner, Charles Burney, Feruccio Busoni, Claude Debussy,Frederick Delius, Hermann Hesse, Gyrgy Ligeti, Federico Garca Lorca, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Marice Ravel,Rainer Maria Rilke, Frank Wedekind, Kurt Weill, and Gioseffo Zarlino.

    Selected Search TermsThe following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Library's online catalog. They aregrouped by name of person or organization, by subject or location, and by occupation and listed alphabetically therein.

    PeopleAuric, Georges, 1899-1983--Autographs.Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750--Autographs.Bartk, Bla, 1881-1945--Correspondence.Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827--Autographs.Berlioz, Hector, 1803-1869--Autographs.Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875--Autographs.Bloch, Ernest, 1880-1959--Autographs.Boulez, Pierre, 1925- --Autographs.Boulez, Pierre, 1925- --Correspondence.Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897--Autographs.Bruckner, Anton, 1824-1896--Correspondence.Burney, Charles, 1726-1814--Correspondence.Busoni, Ferruccio, 1866-1924--Correspondence.Chopin, Frederic, 1810-1849--Autographs.Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918--Correspondence.Delius, Frederick, 1862-1934--Autographs.Franck, Csar, 1822-1890--Autographs.Garca Lorca, Federico, 1898-1936--Autographs.Handel, George Frideric, 1685-1759--Correspondence.Hesse, Hermann, 1877-1962--Correspondence.Ligeti, Gyrgy, 1923-2006--Autographs.Ligeti, Gyrgy, 1923-2006--Correspondence.Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix, 1809-1847--Autographs.Metastasio, Pietro, 1698-1782--Correspondence.Moldenhauer, Hans.Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791--Autographs.

    Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress 2

  • Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924--Autographs.Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937--Correspondence.Rilke, Rainer Maria, 1875-1926--Correspondence.Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay, 1844-1908--Autographs.Schoenberg, Arnold, 1874-1951--Autographs.Webern, Anton, 1883-1945--Autographs.Wedekind, Frank, 1864-1918--Autographs.Zarlino, Gioseffo, 1517-1590--Autographs.

    SubjectsMusic--History and criticism.Music.Musical sketches.Musicians--Autographs.Musicians--Correspondence.

    Administrative InformationProvenance

    Gift; Hans Moldenhauer

    Bequest; Hans Moldenhauer; 1987

    Gift; Mary Moldenhauer; 1988-


    No further accruals are expected.

    Processing History

    Library staff assisted through their expert knowledge of languages and subjects: Carol Armbruster (French), E. Paul Frank(Hungarian), Grant Harris (European languages), George Kovtun (Czech), Everette E. Larson (Hispanic Literature), KevinLaVine (Russian), and David Skelly (Russian). Ron Grim, of the Geography and Map Division, found the map of the SwissAlps used for the endpapers. Sam Brylawski, of the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division, enabledus to organize and describe the sound recordings. Wilda Heiss was instrumental in getting the inventory into a DOSdatabase, and Jason Yasner's knowledge of the Apple Macintosh system saw us through several software and hardwareproblems. Portions of this book have been prepared for release by the Library on its web page through the Library'sNational Digital Library, and several of its staff members advised us on technical matters that contributed to the productionof the book, including the digital scanning of items selected for illustration. For this assistance, we are grateful to: CarlFleischauer, Morgan Cundiff, David Arbury, Jeni Dahmus, Debbie Fulmore, Susan Manus, and Ashley Short. During theorganization of materials and their preparation for scanning, the staff of the Conservation Office--in particular, Ann Seibert,Jake Benson, and Yasmeen Khan--assured their safe handling and provided necessary conservation treatment and housing.My wife, Iris Newsom, senior editor of the Library's Publishing Office, helped to plan the book from the beginning, editedthe typescript of the book at several stages of its preparation, and, along with Gloria Holmes, also of the Publishing Office,moved this unusually complex project through production. Our designer, Stephen Kraft, provided exceptional advice andsupport above, beyond, and even before the call of duty, since he joined the project at its outset to help us visualize andbudget the volume when it was just a dream. While not on the Library's staff, his nearly ten years of patient dedication tothis undertaking earn him honorary status as one of this institution's treasures.


    Sound recordings transferred to the Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Library of Congress.

    Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress 3

  • Copyright Status

    Materials from the Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress are governed by the Copyright Law of the UnitedStates (Title 17, U.S.C.) and other applicable international copyright laws.

    Access and Restrictions

    The Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress is open to research. Researchers are advised to contact the MusicDivision prior to visiting in order to determine whether the desired materials will be available at that time.

    Certain restrictions to use or copying of materials may apply.

    Online Content

    Digitized images are available via links from this finding aid.

    Preferred Citation

    Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: [item, date, container number],Moldenhauer Archives at the Library of Congress, Music Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

    Biographical SketchThe ardent music collector and mountain climber Hans Moldenhauer was born in Mainz, Germany, in 1906, and died in1987. Over the course of forty years he established the Moldenhauer Archives, a matchless resource of musical documentsthat encompasses music history from the Middle Ages through the 20th century, and about which Moldenhauer said, theArchives includes not only bricks, but the mortar, referring to both the great musicians and critical but lesser-knownfigures that hold it together.

    Hans Moldenhauer emigrated to the United States in 1938, settled in mountainous Spokane, Washington, in 1939, andserved in the U.S. Mountain Troops during World War II. In 1942, as he embarked upon a musical career in collecting,performance, and writing, he founded the Spokane Conservatory. In 1943 he married his piano pupil, Rosaleen Jackman, towhose memory he would later dedicate his Archives. When Moldenhauer was diagnosed with the incurable retinitispigmentosa and told he would soon be blind, he focused much more of his energy on acquiring the monuments of MusicHistory from Primary Sources, as he called the growing Moldenhauer Archives.

    Hans Moldenhauer procured manuscripts from composers such as Berg, Brahms, Beethoven, Liszt and Lutoslawski, andobtained numerous items from the archives of Mahler, Castelnuovo-Tedesco, and Schoenberg. Moldenhauer acquired theWebern Archive in the 1960s and with his wife Rosaleen wrote the seminal biography Anton Webern, A Chronicle of HisLife and Work (New York: Knopf, 1978), along with other publications on Webern.

    At the time of Hans Moldenhauers death in 1987, the Moldenhauer Archives included many thousands of items that arenow housed in nine institutions around the world: in the United States, at the Library of Congress, Harvard University,Northwestern University, Washington State University, and Whitworth College; in Basel, Switzerland, at the Paul SacherFoundation; the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich; the Zentralbibliothek in Zurich; and in Vienna at the Stadtarchivund Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek. The Moldenhauer bequest to the Library of Congress in 1987 consisted of over3,500 music manuscripts, letters, and other materials and was the greatest composite gift of musical documents yetreceived. The Library also received the funds to produce a volume, now publish