Module 7 - LEADERSHIP Revised Dec 19

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Module for Leadership

Text of Module 7 - LEADERSHIP Revised Dec 19


Module 7Leadership


In this module, women will have the chance to develop themselves as leaders who will be able to influence others and direct their group. This module will equip socially disadvantaged women with the knowledge and skills of an effective leader.

Module Objectives

This module aims to:

1. Provide an opportunity for the participants for self-awareness in preparation for leadership roles;2. Impart information on personal effectiveness;

3. Develop the participants as leaders; and4. Teach group building and maintenance.

Table of ContentsTopicPage

Session Flow3

Session 1:


Session 2:Personal Effectiveness18

Session 3:

Basic Leadership28

Session 4:

Group Building and Maintenance41

Annex A:

Johari Window64

Annex B:

Goal Rating Table70

Annex C:Roles and Responsibilities71

Annex D:

Stages of Maturity76

Annex E:

Filters to Effective Communication79

Annex F:

Why Do Geese Fly in V-Form86

Session FlowTopicsMethodologyMaterials NeededTime Allotment

Session 1:Self-DisclosureActivity1:

Object Representation Exercise Lecture-Discussion Activity2:

Perception Exercise


Powerpoint, LCD, laptop, chalk,

whiteboard marker, indigenous materials which can represent womens world/experiences in life1.5 hours

Session 2:Personal EffectivenessActivity 1:

Goal Rating ExerciseLecture-Discussionhandouts,

Powerpoint, LCD, laptop, chalk,

whiteboard marker,

Goal Rating forms1 hour

Session 3:Basic LeadershipActivity 1:

Building a House ExerciseLecture-Discussion

Activity 2:

Identification of Responsibilities of Officers and Members WorkshopLecture- Discussion handouts,

Powerpoint, LCD, laptop, chalk,

whiteboard marker cardboard, scissors, masking tape, newsprint, pentel pens

2 hours

Session 4Group Building and MaintenanceActivity 1:

Find Your Soulmate or Trust Walk ExerciseLecture-Discussion Activity 2:

Broken Square Puzzle - Communication ExerciseLecture-Discussion

Activity 3:

Conflict Management


Powerpoint, LCD, laptop, chalk,

whiteboard marker handkerchief, flaglets, puzzles/ broken squares2 hours




This session will provide opportunity to deepen awareness and appreciation of oneself by sharing ones characteristics to other members of the group.

Session ObjectivesAt the end of the session, the participants should be able to:

1. Select an object that can represent them;

2. Disclose information about themselves to co-participants; and3. Identify their strengths and weaknesses which can affect their membership in the group.Estimated time 1 Hour and 30 Minutes

Methodology Individual exercise Lecture/DiscussionMaterials Handouts Powerpoint, LCD, laptop

Chalk, whiteboard marker

Indigenous materials which can represent womens world and experiences in life

ProcedureActivity 1: Object Representation1. Ask the participants to think of and choose an object which represents them. The object should have the qualities that characterize their strengths and weaknesses as a person.2.Ask the participants to share with the group the object they have chosen by stating the following:

a. The object that represents themb.The qualities and features of the object they have chosen

c. The use/function of the object they have chosen

d.How the object relates to their strengths and weaknesses


1. Ask the participants the following questions:

a. Affective Level While you are doing the object representation, what was your reaction?b. Cognitive Level What was the difficult part in choosing an object?

What are your discoveries about yourself? What are your discoveries about others in the group?

What did you learn from the activity?

2. Synthesize the responses and proceed to the discussion of the Key Learning Points.

Key Learning Points1. Having an awareness of oneself (knowing ones strengths and weaknesses) will help the participants establish interpersonal relationship with other members of the group.

2. The Johari Window is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. A four paned "window, divides personal awareness into four different types, as represented by its four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades, which can move as an interaction progresses. Refer to Annex A (Johari Window).Johari Window

Known to SelfNot Known to Self

Known to OthersOpen

(arena)Blind Spot

Not Known to OthersHidden


The meaning of the quadrants

a. Open I know about myself and people know about me, too (also called Public Area.

b. Blind - Things people know about me but I am not aware of (also called Blind Spot)c. Hidden Things I know about myself that people do not know (also called Hidden Area)

d. Unknown - Things that neither I know about myself nor other people know about me

3. The Open Window can be widened by sharing and soliciting feedback. The more they open, the more they will be understood, the more they become cohesive and the more chances of having good relationships.4. To widen the public area, they need to do the following:

a. Self-assessment and reflectionb. Interaction with othersc. Giving and receiving feedback from others

5. Characteristics of an Effective Feedback

a. It is descriptive rather than evaluative.

b. It is specific rather than general.

c. It is focused on behavior rather than on the person.

d. It is directed toward changeable behavior.

e. It is solicited rather than imposed.

f. It is well-timed.

g. It involves sharing of information, rather than giving advice.

h. It is clear communication. Note to the FacilitatorSome participants may not be ready to share sensitive information with the group. Inform the participants that it is up to them what information to share with the group. Assure them that the group upholds the principle of confidentiality.

ProcedureActivity 2: Perception Exercise1. Show the participants some confusing pictures and sentences. (Annex A)2. Ask them what they see or read.

3. Synthesize the responses and proceed to the discussion of the Key Learning Points. Key Learning Points1. Perception is a process of making sense out of the jumble of so many sensations. As objects are grouped into sequential patterns, the individual easily organizes what she perceived into a meaningful whole, and the result is a unitary experience.

2. Illusion is a misinterpretation of perceived stimulus. Factors which may explain optical illusions are:a. Mental expectancies of the individuals

b. Extent of their leaning backgrounds

c. Presence of differences that exist among the senses and expansion as represented by the amount by which the curve departs from the baseline.3. Emphasize the following points based on the picture/words presented: Pictures/SentenceKey Learning Points

Picture 1

1. People have different perception for the reason that people have different experiences from the past and concerns at the moment. Perception is limited to self and cannot be imposed to others, thus respect others perception. Uniqueness must be respected.

2. To look at the hidden things or meanings.

Picture 2


Picture 3

Sentences containing the following:

1. Busy as a a beaver

2. A bird in in the hand

3. Keep off the the grass

4. Colors printed in different color

1. Sometimes familiarity becomes a limitation to change and people think they know everything. It is hard for them to make adjustment that will make them better persons.

2. People must not be afraid to consider change and be flexible.

ApplicationFor the participants to:

a) List down personal perception of oneself

b) List down perception of other people towards self

c) Compare above and identify personal characteristics or areas that need to be strengthened to be effective in dealing with othersSynthesisAwareness to one strengths and weaknesses make a person realize how one would approach and react to other people and establish interpersonal relationship. Continuous self-reflection and eliciting and receiving feedback to other people will help achieve continuous self development and acquisition of basic skills and knowledge in dealing and relating with other members of the group.




This session will aim to open the mind of women to aim also for personal effectiveness by setting up a personal goal in life basing it from their own personal assessment of their own performance.

Session Objectives

At the end of the session, the participants should be able to:

1. Aim for personal effectiveness: and2. Assess how effective they in accomplishing their goals in life.

Estimated time 1 HourMethodology

Individual Exercise


Materials Handouts

Powerpoint, LCD, Laptop

Chalk, Whiteboard marker

Goal Rating forms

ProcedureActivity 1: Goal Rating Exercise1. Tell the participants that they have 10