Middleton apt15-sole

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  1. 1. Baring my SOLE does informal, self and socially directed learning make for an inclusive learning environment? Andrew Middleton Head ofAcademic Practice & Learning Innovation LEAD, Sheffield Hallam University @andrewmid APT 2015 - Mainstreaming Open Education
  2. 2. SOLEs and me Social Open Learning Ecologies a playful acronym A heterotopian ideal? Gourlay (2015) A collection of emerging ideas that suggest a future disrupted learning space Smart Learning new spaces for new learning the convergence of diverse innovative methods (spaces) that each promise to disrupt longstanding approaches to teaching and learning creating an educational philosophy that is widely accessible, open, flexible and convincing SOLE today Social Open Learning Ecologies (SOLEs) a way to imagine the future. Prolific use of social media and personal smart technologies underpin new forms of learner engagement that reflect changing life habits (Dabbagh & Kitsantas, 2012; Jackson, 2010; Barnett, 2006)
  3. 3. SOLEs and me I want to conceptualise, believe in and enact SOLEs but it has to be inclusive
  4. 4. Free and open Does the education system serve the interests of the providers, or of the learners? Stephen Downes (2011, p.7)
  5. 5. Informal some (false?) dichotomies Disrupting the formal Provided or self-constructed space Directed vs self-directed learning Regulated vs self-regulated learning Disconnected vs connected learning Commercial vs non-commercial Instructivism vs constructivism Content vs interaction Another view of 'informal' Aspires to transform "university" A parallel, people-centred "university"? Get real in the third space Ideal or real? Can we construct a realistic informal paradigm for learning in higher education that is inclusive?
  6. 6. Self-directed learning Aids learners in managing and solving complex problems within changing work environments Supports development of lifelong learning Capability is thus an extension of competency Self-regulation of learning leading to self- confidence, self-efficacy and so self-esteem (Dacre Pool & Sewell, 2010) Valuing self Are graduate capabilities and attributes more valuable than knowing what they know? Blaschke, L. (2014). Using social media to engage and develop the online learner in self-determined learning. Research in Learning Technology, 22 The devaluation of knowledge "The shrinking half-life of knowledge..." (Gonzalez, 2004; Siemens, 2004) Knowing how to learn is a fundamental skill given the pace of innovation and the changing structure of communities and workplaces
  7. 7. Socially-directed learning Social capital Digital neighbourliness? Relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition (Bourdieu 1983, p.249) Connections among individuals social networks, reciprocity and trustworthiness (Putnam, 2000) A sense of belonging Social media - a place for bridging, bonding and linking social capital Valuing belonging and community How important is the social construct and how is this fostered? Smith, M. K. (2000-2009). Social capital, the encyclopedia of informal education. http://infed.org/mobi/social-capital/. Retriev 4 July 2015
  8. 8. Recognise and transform the ways in which students are able engage with, reflect on, and record their journeys to becoming professional Ashley Holmes (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Accommodating difference: Contexts Perceptions Experience Levels of knowledge Aspirations Journeys Interpretations. Rhizomatic learning Acknowledge that learners come from different contexts, that they need different things presuming you know what those things are is like believing in magic. It is a commitment to multiple paths. Dave Cormier, 2011 http://davecormier.com/edblog/2011/11/05/rhizomatic- learning-why-learn/ Learning ecologies
  9. 9. Open learning environments 1. Freedom to reuse 2. Open access 3. Free cost 4. Easy to use 5. Digital networked content 6. Social based approaches 7. Ethical arguments for openness 8. Openness as an efficient model Open, accessible and inclusive Can open learning environments be easy, accessible and efficient? Weller, M. (2014) Battle for the open. Ubiquity Press Principles "A characteristic of these early MOOCs was that they were associated with individuals, not institutions" p.94 Can individuals shift the paradigm?
  10. 10. Personal Learning Environments PLEs are inherently self-directed A technological and a pedagogical approach Designed by the learner around personally defined goals or approach Place the responsibility for organizing learning on the individual Johnson et al. (2011) Personal To what extent does the PLE concept disregard the social richness? Capability Do effective PLE learners need to be highly capable and confident first? Inclusivity Does moving away from deficit models of pedagogy reduce inclusivity?
  11. 11. So.., SLEs Social Learning Environments A socially mediated space Formed around the potential of a community to support its collective and individual learning, exponentially However, distance, technology and commerce challenge dynamism and promote content packaging. Social - connected learning How does bringing the social and connected dimension into the PLE concept strengthen it? How is the social dimension facilitated? Technology To what extent is technology critical to either PLEs or SLEs?
  12. 12. Open learning environments 1. Autonomy 2. Open association 3. Self-direction 4. Self-regulation 5. Social mediation Questions What are the intersections between openness and heutagogy? Who is discussing learner inclusivity in terms of capability? Is developing learner capability our next priority? Values
  13. 13. RICH DIGITAL MEDIA USER GENERATED MEDIA BYOD MOBILE LEARNING OPENNESS SOCIAL MEDIA FOR LEARNING Multiplier Effect disrupts Models of Formal of Delivery disrupts One-to-Many model disrupts Dependency on Text disrupts Provided Content model disrupts Provided Classroom" model disrupts Provided Technology model Smart Learning ++ + + + SOLE Transformational +
  14. 14. Does informal, self and socially directed learning make for an inclusive learning environment? How do we learn how to learn in the open? Does self-direction lead to isolation? Were interested in MOOCs but how interested are we in disrupted open learning spaces?
  15. 15. Smart Learning See Smart Learning Scenarios Please speak to me about your smart learning scenarios