Managing Electronic Resources through Library Consortia Examples from INDEST-AICTE Consortium Jagdish Arora Librarian & National Coordinator INDEST-AICTE

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<ul><li><p>Managing Electronic Resources through Library Consortia</p><p>Examples from INDEST-AICTE ConsortiumJagdish Arora</p><p>Librarian &amp; National CoordinatorINDEST-AICTE</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>What is a Library Consortium?A Library Consortium consists of a number of libraries, preferably with some homogeneous characteristics by subject, institutional affiliation, or affiliation to funding authorities, that come together with an objective to do certain job collectively. These jobs may include:</p><p>Subscribe e-resourcesinclude resource sharing Shared cataloguing of resourcesShared Technology SolutionShared core / peripheral collectionShared cataloguing (or copy cataloguing) in network environment is still operational and relevant;</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Need and Relevance of Library Consortium [1]Proliferation of Web-based Full-text Resources</p><p>+ 40,000 e-journals</p><p>+ 10,00,000+ E-books </p><p>Aggregators: NetLibrary; E-brary, 24x7; Springer, Wiley, Elsevier, T &amp; F and othersHongkong University Library has access to 1 million e-books + 5,000 Online Databases, etc.</p><p>Publishers-backed Initiative </p><p>Support from users: Convenience Libraries</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Need and Relevance of Library Consortium [2]Diminishing Print-based Subscription</p><p>Threats from E-print Archives and Open Access Journals</p><p>Technology-driven Revolution: Publishers and Users</p><p>Decrease in Scientific Productivity Across the Country in India</p><p>Libraries are already Committing Larger Portion of their Budgets on Electronic Resources</p><p>Rising Cost of Journals, Diminishing Budget &amp; Increased Users Demand </p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Managing E-resources through a ConsortiumSelection and Procurement of Information Resources </p><p>Resource selection for consortia purchase requires considerable care, effort and judicious involvement of the members.</p><p>Some of the criteria for selection of e-resources used for the INDEST-AICTE Consortium are:</p><p>Well-established multi-disciplinary resources with broad coverage were preferred over highly specialized sources targeted for specialists.</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Selection and Procurement of Information ResourcesThe resources already on subscription were preferred over those which were not being used in any member institutions;</p><p>Resources that are electronic-only were preferred over those that were print-based unless completely unavoidable;</p><p>Resources that are very important but highly cost-intensive were preferred over those that are less important or less-used but low cost;</p><p>Resources where electronic versions are made available free on subscription to their print versions were avoided as far as possible; and</p><p>Selections were made on their usage / suitability to their respective institutions, e.g. Proquest Science for category I &amp; II institutions while Web of Science for category I institutions.</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>E-resources Negotiation and Purchasing (Lowest) rates of subscription for all consortium members</p><p>Requirement of maintenance of print subscription; if yes, is cap on increase in print subscription offered? </p><p>Extent of coverage of back-files with current subscription</p><p>Journal level (or article level link) through the Librarys OPAC</p><p>Permission for inter-library loan</p><p>Archival backup or perpetual access to e-resources</p><p>Annual increase in rates of subscription</p><p>Terms of license agreement</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Consortia Licensing and Agreements </p><p>The publishers use licensing as a legal method for controlling the use of their products and services </p><p>It is important to ensure that all issues concerning consortia licensing of e-content that go into publisher / vendors licensing agreements are reviewed and understood thoroughly by the consortia negotiation committee and the agreement signing authorities. </p><p>Develop a checklist of must-be-present terms and not-at-all-agreeable clauses, to avoid delay in executing the licensing contracts. </p><p>ICOLC site provides is a very useful reference point in understanding the recommended practices.</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Promoting Use of E-Resources</p><p>Use innovative marketing techniques and out-reach programs in the form of:</p><p>posters, case-study sessions, user conventions</p><p>Ensure that all resources get equal and adequate attention, and the newer resources receive greater attention. </p><p>Training programmes and Annual Meets (both at institute level and consortium level)</p><p>Consortium Users Group in each member institution </p><p>Users Convention in member institutions</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Promoting Use of E-ResourcesConsortium web site should have features like: </p><p>Computer and Network Infrastructure RequirementsTutorials on each E-resourceIPR and License Agreements: Do and DontsDownloadable List of Journals with URLsSearchable Database of Journals and their URLsSearchable Database of Members with their </p><p>Contact detailsLibrary Web Sites Library OPACResources accessible to them &amp; their URLsSubscription Period / Status / Renewal Due </p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Establish Communication Amongst MembersCommunication amongst members of a consortium is considered its lifeline. </p><p>Effective communication motivates members to cooperate, commit to the cause of consortium and align members toward a shared vision. </p><p>Communication is necessary to link each member with the practices of the consortium and to involve them at policy and operational level as a team. </p><p>Communication at Consortium Level</p><p>Communication at Institutional Level</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Usage MonitoringMost publishers maintain detailed usage statistics for resources offered by them to the consortium</p><p>The consortium headquarters can maintain and deliver usage statistics to member institutions through their web site </p><p>Members may be request to optimize the usage and check misuse, if any </p><p>The usage statistics for several resources are also accessible to the member institutions through web-based interfaces from the publishers site </p><p>Usage statistics can also be used to determine factors that can be used to project economic viability and cost-effectiveness of consortia-based subscription to e-resources: Cost Avoidance; Cost Recovery; Cost Savings; Average cost of downloaded articles</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Training of Users and Library StaffTraining programmes act as a bridge to facilitate communication amongst members and find answers to common problems</p><p>Essential for users as well as for the library staff </p><p>Make users competent to conduct their own searches more effectively</p><p>Proper training would make library staff more competent enabling them to provide qualitative services. </p><p>On-the-job training programmes are better for benefits users but it also solve localized technological problems that can be solved with the availability of experts at the time of imparting training. </p><p>Imparting training to members of consortium is a decentralized activity in case of INDEST-AICTE Consortium. </p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Technology Support to Member InstitutionsProvide help to member libraries to select technological alternatives available in the market place. </p><p>All libraries invariably require consultation and expert advice in implementing new technologies. </p><p>The consortium, with its collective expertise, can help libraries to select technologies based on their requirement ensuring use of open system, standards and interoperability of library systems and digital archives. </p><p>Development and deployment of federated search engines is a crucial requirement as the e-resource base increases in the libraries acquired either through consortia initiatives or through local library budgets. </p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Copyright and IPR Issue All consortium members including potential users as well as librarians should be sensitized on issues of licenses and agreements that consortium signs with the publishers. </p><p>Users need to be told what, as an authorized user, they are allowed and what they are not allowed. While most of the publishers allow inter-library loan, electronic delivery of articles are not allowed. </p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>AllowedNot AllowedViewing, downloading, copying, printing and saving a copy of search results </p><p>Viewing, downloading, copying, printing and saving individual articles </p><p>Using e-resources for scholarly, educational or scientific research, teaching, private study and clinical purposes </p><p>Sending a copy of an article to another authorized user (i.e. current faculty, students or staff) </p><p>Posting the URL to the publisher's version of the article on a class website (publisher links will allow only authorized users access) Use of robots or intelligent agents to do systematic, bulk or automatic downloading</p><p>Systematic downloading or printing of entire journal issues or volumes, or large portions of other e-resources </p><p>Using e-resources for commercial gain (i.e. reselling, redistributing or republishing of content) </p><p>Transmitting, disseminating or otherwise making online content available to unauthorized users </p><p>Posting the publisher's version or PDF of an article to an open class website is not permitted</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Troubleshooting and Complaint MonitoringUsers may face problems in access to resources. These problems have to be monitored and solved by the Consortium </p><p>Maintain publishers contact</p><p>Web-based instructions to handle troubleshooting for different resources</p><p>Server-end problems (rare)Client-end problems (more often): cookies, IP Addresses, sites blocked, virus problems, etc. </p><p>Web-based Complaint Monitoring Interfaces (E-RAMS @ INDEST)</p><p>IP-based Access: Educate Institutions</p><p>Authorization and Authentication Mechanisms: Proxy, Athens login &amp; Shibboleth, etc.</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>INDEST-AICTE Consortium</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>INDEST Consortium: Basic ModelThe MHRD provides funds to the INDEST consortium:</p><p>For subscription to electronic resources for institutes funded by it; and</p><p>For operational cost of the Consortium.</p><p>Benefit of Consortia-based Subscription is passed on to other educational institutions. These institutions may subscribe on their own. 503 institutions have already joined the Consortium.</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p> INDEST Consortium: MembersMembers</p><p>Core Members38 (Funds for e-resources through MHRD)</p><p>Members with AICTE Support60</p><p>Self-supported Members503</p><p>Total 601</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Increase in Membership in the Self-supported Category</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p><p>Chart1</p><p>386017115</p><p>386450152</p><p>386375176</p><p>3860503601</p><p>MHRD</p><p>AICTE</p><p>Self-supported</p><p>Total</p><p>Year</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>INDEST-AICTE Consortium: Increase in Membership</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>2003200420052006</p><p>MHRD38383838</p><p>AICTE60646360</p><p>Self-supported175075503</p><p>Total115152176601</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>0000</p><p>0000</p><p>0000</p><p>0000</p><p>MHRD</p><p>AICTE</p><p>Self-supported</p><p>Total</p><p>Year</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>INDEST-AICTE Consortium: Increase in Membership</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>Sheet3</p></li><li><p>Full-text Resources</p><p>ABI / INFORM CompleteACM Digital LibraryASCE JournalsASME JournalsASTM Journals &amp; StandardsCapitalineCRIS INFAC Ind. InformationEBSCOs Business Source PremierEmerald InsightEuromonitor (GMID)IEL OnlineIndian StandardsFull-text ResourcesINSIGHT NatureProquest Science Science Direct Springers Link</p><p>Bibliographic Databases</p><p>COMPENDEXINSPECWeb of ScienceSciFinder ScholarMathSciNetJCCCINDEST Consortium: E-resources</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Establish Communication</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Resource Sharing</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Resource Sharing: 7716+ articles exchanged during 2005 2006IIT Delhi: 4910Others: 2806</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Content level access to Journals subscribed by INDEST with Interface to facilitate inter-library loan</p><p>Subscribed for:IITs &amp; IISc,With access to all NITs, ISM, NERIST, SLIET, IIIT, IIITM &amp; PEC</p><p>J Arora, IIT Delhi</p></li><li><p>Archival Solution</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>INDEST-AICTE Consortium: Archival SolutionPerpetual Access to Electronic Resources for period of Subscription</p><p>Science DirectSpringer Link (Springer + Kluwer)NatureEmerald Xtra</p><p>CD / DVD ROM along with Online Access</p><p>ABI / Inform CompleteProquest Science (Formerly ASTP)</p><p>Local Host at IIT Delhi ACM Digital Library</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>CD / DVD ROM Backup to the Consortium Headquarters</p><p>IEL Online Web of Science ASCE / ASMEASTM Journals &amp; Standards</p><p>CD / DVD ROM Backup on Termination of Subscription (to all Members)</p><p>IEL Online Springer Link (-Kluwer) COMPENDEX / INSPECSciFinder (CA on CD at 50% cost) Web of ScienceASCE / ASMEINDEST-AICTE Consortium: Archival Solution</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>INDEST-AICTE Consortium: Archival SolutionNo Archival OfferMathSciNet</p><p>Intranet Products</p><p>JCCCIndian standardsCRIS INFAC Information Services</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Economics of INDEST-AICTE Consortium</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p><p>Chart1</p><p>108100</p><p>757350</p><p>5006650</p><p>283600</p><p>363300</p><p>2502218.75</p><p>143500</p><p>2502000</p><p>284560.25</p><p>404400</p><p>604851</p><p>754620</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>Cost</p><p>Comparision between No. of Members and Cost</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>IEL OnlineASCE</p><p>No. of MembersCostNo. of MembersCost</p><p>108100283600</p><p>757350363300</p><p>50066502502218.75</p><p>IEL OnlineASCEASMEACM</p><p>Year200320032006200320042006200620062003200420062006</p><p>No. of Members107550028362501425028406075</p><p>Cost810073506650360033002218.75350020004560.25440048514620</p><p>IEL Online</p><p>200320032006</p><p>No. of Members1075500</p><p>Cost810073506650</p><p>IEL OnlineASCEASMEACM</p><p>200320032006200320042006200620062003200420062006</p><p>No. of Members107550028362501425028406075</p><p>Cost810073506650360033002218.75350020004560.25440048514620</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>Cost</p><p>Comparision between No. of Members and Cost</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>&amp;A</p><p>Page &amp;P</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>Cost</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>No. of Members</p><p>Cost</p><p>No. of Members V/s Subscription Cost</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Total No. of Records Downloaded (38 Core Members)From full-text E-Resources 3,50,53,698</p><p>From Bibliographic Databases 50,87,197</p><p>Total4,01,40,895</p><p>Average Cost per Article Rs. 6.17</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Lower Rates for Print Subscription Cap on Annual Increase on Print Subscription: 5 to 6%23,71,760.008,90,790.00</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>Persistent Increase in Usage</p><p>ISI Kolkata</p></li><li><p>ISI Kolkata</p><p>Chart2</p><p>435579589681111905131826322069</p><p>3742887391579183991097012</p><p>12965127652466929109</p><p>3645349160872009148931621425</p><p>37930406375502068458</p><p>2003</p><p>2004</p><p>2005</p><p>2006</p><p>No of Downloads</p><p>Increase in No. of Downloads from 2003 to 2006 (for All Members and All E-Resources)</p><p>Cost Recovery</p><p>INDEST- AICTE Consortium</p><p>Indian Institute of Technology Delhi</p><p>Cost Recovery: Subscription Amount Paid V/s Cost of Downloads of Articles for the Year 2006</p><p>Category of Institutions andTotal No. ofCurr.TotalTotal PaymentCostDifferenceAverage Cost%</p><p>ResourcesDownloadsPaymentin RupeesRecoveredof an Article</p><p>(Downloadx$15)(6-5)</p><p>12345678</p><p>Group I (IITs / IISc)</p><p>Full Text Resources</p><p>ABI Inform Complete41694US$55125.002535750.0028768860.0026233110.0060.821034.53</p><p>ACM Digital Library112380US$38808.001785168.0077542200.0075757032.004.6214827.06</p><p>ASCE93366US$45352.002086192.0064422540.0062336348.0022.342988.04</p><p>ASME71805US$31200.001435200.0049545450.0048110250.0019.993352.16</p><p>Proquest7738US$42000.001932000.005339220.003407220.00249.68176.36</p><p>Science Direct3396998US$213528.009822288.002343928620.002334106332.002.8923763.37</p><p>IEL Online1109084US$561840.0025844640.00765267960.00739423320.0023.302861.03</p><p>Springer Verlag's Link75684Euro82024.004757392.0065845080.0061087688.0062.861284.06</p><p>Capitaline18405614Rs.617120.00490000.00276084210.00275594210.000.0356243.72</p><p>EBSCO104279US$80500.003703000.0038350890.0034647890.0066.62935.67</p><p>Emerald Insight73087PND9154.15732332.008770440...</p></li></ul>