Maintenance Manual - Washington State Washington State Maintenance Operations personnel work through…

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  • Maintenance ManualM 51-01.08

    April 2019

    Maintenance Operations

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) InformationMaterials can be made available in an alternate format by emailing the WSDOT Diversity/ADA Affairs Team at wsdotada@wsdot.wa.gov or by calling toll free, 855-362-4ADA (4232). Persons who are deaf or hard of hearing may make a request by calling the Washington State Relay at 711.

    Title VI Notice to the PublicIt is Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) policy to ensure no person shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, or sex, as provided by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise discriminated against under any of its federally funded programs and activities. Any person who believes his/her Title VI protection has been violated may file a complaint with WSDOTs Office of Equal Opportunity (OEO). For Title VI complaint forms and advice, please contact OEOs Title VI Coordinator at 360-705-7082 or 509-324-6018.

    To get the latest information on WSDOT publications, sign up for individual email updates at www.wsdot.wa.gov/publications/manuals.

    Washington State Department of Transportation Maintenance Division PO Box 47358 Olympia, WA 98504-7358 www.wsdot.wa.gov/maintenance/

    www.wsdot.wa.gov/maintenance/
  • Foreword

    Washington State Maintenance Operations personnel work through many challenges in maintaining the state highway system, including; increasing growth in population and vehicles, and extreme weather patterns that can bring wind, rain, snow, and ice. Providing for safe movement on our highway system while performing a variety of maintenance activities in a safe manner is a priority for our Maintenance Operations family. Through the use of tools, technology, techniques and talent; you, the maintenance professional take on these challenges and deliver through it all.

    Pasco Bakotich III, P.E. Director of Maintenance Operations

    WSDOT Maintenance Manual M 51-01.07 Page iii June 2017

  • Foreword

    Page iv WSDOT Maintenance Manual M 51-01.07 June 2017

  • Chapter 1 Emergency Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1General Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1Regional Emergency Response Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2WSDOT Emergency Operations Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2Administration and Logistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2Plan Development and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3Training and Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3Emergency Operating Procedures (Hazardous Materials) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3Abandoned Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5Clearing the Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5

    Chapter 2 Work Zone Traffic Control and Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1Fundamental Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2Traffic Control Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3Traffic Control Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4Cone Placement Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5Traffic Control Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9Off-Road Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10Nighttime Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10Automated Flagger Assistance Device (AFAD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10Temporary and Portable Signal Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10Non-Motorized Traffic Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11Pedestrian Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11Bicycle Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12Work Zone Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13Resources for Traffic Control and Work Zone Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13

    Chapter 3 Pavement Patching and Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1Maintenance of Flexible Pavements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2Load and Speed Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2Pavement Deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2Pavement Maintenance Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5Patching With Base Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5Effects of Traffic on a Patching Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9Crack Sealing (or Pouring) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10Maintenance of Rigid Pavements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Crack Pouring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11Classes of Asphalt Concrete Pavement (ACP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13Asphalt Emulsion Surface Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14Pavement Conditions for a Successful Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .