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Dr. Merih Kerestecioğlu Dr. Merih Kerestecioğlu Bucharest Bucharest September 2003 September 2003

Macedonia and Albania Lake Ohrid presentation

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Text of Macedonia and Albania Lake Ohrid presentation

  • Dr. Merih KerestecioluBucharest September 2003

  • Causes of DegradationDomestic wastewater dischargesIndustrial wastewater dischargesPollution carried with the riversAccidental oil spillsAccidental transportation of exotic speciesIllegal dumping

  • Sources of the Nutrient LoadsDomestic DischargesIndustrial DischargesSolid WastesAgricultureAtmospheric Carried PollutantsRun off

  • Prerequisitesdesign regional - adapt local address different prioritiesBe flexible to address to different target populationsbe not lecturer dependentaddress to global issues as well as specific problems of the countriesattract the trainees on the title and contentaim to change the S/K/A do not be too long be financially feasibledo not compete with the professional activities of the target group

  • Common Interest in the RegionAwareness building Sound fertilization techniquesOrganic farming Sound livestock and manure management

  • ConstraintsDifferent level of interests of the BS CountriesSubsidies on the fertilizer and waterLack of cooperation between the farmersLevel of income of the farmersLack of public awareness on environmentDifferent customs, regulations and agricultural activitiesLack or failure of previous regional and national initiativesBureaucracy

  • Train Sea Coast Methodology

  • ApproachBackground

    Lessons learned Concept

    Do not transfer knowledge for a certain level / Fill the gaps in S/K/LTeam

    Not directed by thematic experts but CDsGeography

    Not local/regional or globalMethodology

    Train skills/teach knowledge/develop attitudes

  • SkillsIntellectual skills

    ClassifyingDiscriminatingRule usingProblem solvingPhysical skills

  • What is the Problem?Nutrient Pollution in the Black Sea from Agricultural Activities

  • Who should we train?Farmers Leaders

  • What will be their duties and tasks?

  • Duty 1. Review current information on legal policy and international arrangements Gather information

    identify and review new laws on regulationsidentify and review new productsidentify and review new technologiesidentify existing policy instrumentsInterpret policy developments for different stakeholders

    determine common ground applicable to all the stakeholdersidentify the impact of new policies, legislation relevant to the farming communityadopt policy requirements into daily practiceIdentify roles and responsibilities of relevant stakeholders

    draw an institutional mapidentify linkages between government and non-governmental stakeholders diagnose weaknesses in current institutional arrangements

  • Duty 2. Analyze farmers concerns Identify and evaluate farmers inputs as regard to environmentally friendly agricultural practices

    Gather information Estimate and evaluate the future inputsEvaluate +/- for those inputsIdentify the accessibility to information and expertise

    investigate the sources of informationDetermine difficulties farmers facing in accessing themlearn the inaccessible sourcesinvestigate non-known sourcesanalyze the reason for being non-known Identify the market conditions and economical status of the farmers

    learn economical problems of farmersanalyze inputs of market forces for farmers in the futureAnalize + and changes in farmers economy because of the new practicesDetermine the level of environmental awareness

    determine environmental concerns related to agricultural activities,determine the degree of environmental awarenesscheck the farmers reaction to changing the environmental practices in favor of environment

  • Duty 3. Learn environmentally friendly agricultural techniques to farmers Learn the techniques of sustainable agriculture

    assessment of soil conditionPlant growth managementIrrigationFertilizationPest management Learn techniques for organic farming

    assessment of soil conditionsplant growth management for organic farmingIrrigationapplication of biological agents for fertilization and pest managementcertification schemesLearn the techniques for arable/livestock farming and manure management

    animal husbandry techniquessafe storage of manureproper manure applicationalternative sustainable uses of manure safe disposalLearn techniques for farming in sensitive areas

    location and characteristicsdevelop sustainable solutions to prevent nutrient pollutionLearn techniques to control erosion and run-off/drainage

    interrelations between the environment and topography, geology, and meteorologyerosion prevention measuresflood control measures

  • Duty 4. Evaluate the impact of the advisory services Obtain farmers feedbackIdentify most suitable method and mechanisms for feedback collection from menu providedImplement the feedback methodKeep recordsrecord advisory processkeep media records on activity Report case studiesselect the best and worst case experience each yearreport the caseReport on resultsmake a summary reportreport

  • How to train them?


    Basic concepts of environmental pollutionImpact of nutrients on environmentState of Black Sea in terms of nutrient pollutionHistory of past and ongoing efforts for pollution abatement in the Black Sea BasinPolicy changes and legislative developments that will impact the farmers community Nutrient pollution from agricultureOverview of environmentally friendly agricultural practicesHistory of the TRAIN-SEA-COAST ProgrammeCourses purpose, objectives, methodology and structure.


    Importance of gathering relevant information on key agricultural legal, policy and institutional issues in the Black Sea basin on a continuous basis Regional and national policy frameworksNational institutional and legal frameworkIntegration of new policy requirements into daily practiceAbility to draw an institutional map and identify key linkages between governmental and non-governmental stakeholdersImportance of conflicts and/or interests among stakeholdersWeaknesses in current institutional arrangements


    Farmers inputs to environmental friendly agricultural practicesCurrent market conditions and economical status of the farmersInput of market forces (and impacts ) for farmers in the future due to the introduction of new farming practicesCurrent level of environmental awareness among the farmer community Farmers concerns and attitudes regarding changing farming practices towards the protection of the environmentNeed to advice farmers on the availability of information and expertise Current impediments for the acquisition of data and information


    Techniques of sustainable agricultureTechniques for organic farmingTechniques for livestock farming and manure managementTechniques for farming in sensitive areaTechniques to control erosion and run-off drainage

  • MODULE 5: ADVICE, DEVELOP LEADERSHP AND COMMUNICATIONTo be imported from TSC-Philippines and adapted for the BS Region


    Importance of on-going communication with the farmersMost suitable mechanisms for feedback collectionImportance of keeping recordsExtraction of abreast of success and failures in the locality/region Preparation of reports

  • Thanks for listening Have a clean Black Sea