looking for pattern.pptx

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<p>Process Worksheet: Look for a Pattern</p> <p>INTRODUCTION LOOKING FOR PATTERN :From the earliest age,students should be encouraged to investigate the patterns that they find in numbers, shapes, and expressions,and, by doing so, to make mathematical discoveries. They should have opportunities to analyze, extend, and create a variety of patterns and to use pattern-based thinking to understand and represent mathematical and other real-world phenomena. These explorations present unlimited opportunities for problem solving,making and verifying generalizations, and building mathematical understanding and confidence.</p> <p>DEFINITION :Based on Alexander: Each pattern is a three-part rule, which expresses a relation between a certain context, a problem, and a solution.But, instead he wrote the paragraph above and he went on to explain: As an element in the world, each pattern is a relationship between a certain context, a certain system of forces which occurs repeatedly in that context, and a certain spatial configuration which allows these forces to resolve themselves. As an element of language, a pattern is an instruction, which shows how this spatial configuration can be used, over and over again, to resolve the given system of forces, wherever the context makes it relevant.</p> <p>Based on Jim Coplien : "It is the nature of patterns to recur."So we could easily write: "A pattern is a 'recurring' solution to a problem in a context." Process Problem 1 A man was very overweight and his doctor told him to lose 36 kg. If he loses 11 kg the first week, 9 kg the second week, and 7 kg the third week, and he continues losing at this rate, how long will it take him to lose 36 kg? (Hint: Look for a pattern. Then complete the table.)</p> <p>Week</p> <p>Total Kilograms Lost</p> <p>123451111 + 9 = 2020 + 7 = 27</p> <p>Understanding the Problem -How much does the man need to lose? (36 kg) -How much did he lose the first week? (11 kg) -How much did he lose the second week? (9 kg) -How much did he lose the third week? (7 kg)</p> <p>Planning a Solution</p> <p>How much less does he lose the second week than the first week? (2 kg)How much less does he lose the third week than the second? (2 kg) Finding the Answer</p> <p>Make a Table/Look for a Pattern</p> <p>Pattern: The number of kilograms lost decreases by 2 each week.It will take the man 6 weeks to lose 36 kg.</p> <p>WeekTotal Kilograms Lost111211 + 9 = 20320 + 7 = 27427 + 5 = 325632 + 3 = 3535 + 1 = 36Process Problem 2</p> <p>Jose used 6 blocks to build this staircase with 3 steps. How many blocks will Jose need to make a 6-step staircase? (Hint: Make a table and look for a pattern.)</p> <p>Understanding the Problem</p> <p>How many blocks are used to build a 3-step staircase? (6)Do you know how many blocks are used to make a 6-step staircase? (No, that is what we are trying to find out.)Planning a Solution</p> <p>How many blocks were used to build the first step? (1 )How many new blocks were used for the second step? (2)How many new blocks would be needed for the fourth step? (4) What would be the total number of blocks used to build a staircase with 4 steps? (10)Finding the Answer</p> <p>Make a Tablel Look for a Pattern</p> <p>Pattern: The number of new blocks needed increases by 1 with each new step. The total number of blocks needed for nth step is the sum of the number 1 through n.It would take 21 blocks to build a 6-step staircase.</p> <p>Steps in StaircaseBlocks Needed to Build New StepsTotal Blocks Needed111221 + 2 = 3331 + 2 + 3 = 6441 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10551 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 = 15661 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 = 21Process Problem 3</p> <p>Earl played a game using the figure below. First he covered the section numbered 1. Then he covered the sections numbered 1 and 2. Next he covered the sections numbered 1 and 4. What sections would he cover on his seventh round?</p> <p>Understanding the Problem </p> <p>What numbers are in the circle? (1, 2, 4, 8)What number(s) did he cover first? (C') Second? (1, 2) Next? (1, 4) Planning a Solution</p> <p>What is the sum of the numbers he covered first? (1)What is the sum of the numbers he covered second? (3) Next? (5)Make a table and look for a pattern. (See solutionFinding the Answer</p> <p>Make a Table/Look for a Pattern</p> <p>Pattern: The sum of the numbers increases by 2 in each round.Earl would cover the 1, 4, and 8 on his seventh round.</p> <p>ROUNDSUMFIRST1SECOND1 + 2 = 3THIRD1 + 4 = 5FOURTH1 + 2 + 4 = 7FIFTH1 + 8 = 9SIXTH1 + 2 + 8 = 11SEVENTH1 + 4 + 8 = 13Process Worksheet: Look for a Pattern</p> <p>1. Find the next 3 numbers in the following sequence. 2, 5, 11, 23, ____, _____, ______.</p> <p>ANSWER :Pattern : x 2 + 147, 95, 191</p> <p>2.The number of line segments joining a set of points increases as the number of points increases. Find how many line segments there will be when there are 8 points; 10 points. </p> <p>ANSWER :POINT 2 3 4 5 .. 8 9 10 nLINES 1 3 6 10 28 36 45 n(n-1 ) 2+ 2+ 3 + 4+ 5 + 7 + 8 + 93. For the hexagon with 42 dots, how many dots are there on each side?</p> <p>ANSWER :No .of dots 6 12 18 . 42 nDots per side 2 3 4 .. 8 (n 6 )+1</p>