Longitude & Latitude The Earth’s Grid. What do you know?

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Longitude & Latitude

Longitude & LatitudeThe Earths Grid1What do you know?

What areas or places can you identify?What shapes stand out?What do you know about climates or weather related to the map?Where do we live?Continents?Oceans?2Geographic Grid

Imaginary lines on the globe to help identify locations.Latitude&Longitude3Latitude

Imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator

90* in North Latitude

90* in South Latitude

Equator central latitude line4Longitude

Imaginary lines that run from pole to pole

Meridians

Prime Meridian0* Longitude5

Longitude and Latitude

LatitudeI'm climbing the Ladder of Latitudes, latitudes, latitudes.

I'm climbing the ladder of latitudes, all around the world.

LongitudeIt's a LONG LONG way from pole to pole, pole to pole, pole to pole.

It's a LONG LONG way from pole to pole, so we call those LONGITUDES.

Image:http://www.timegenie.com/latitude_and_longitude/6Significant LinesLatitudeTropic of Cancer 30* NEquator 0*Tropic of Capricorn 30*SLongitudePrime Meridian 0*

7Map What Youve LearnedLatitudeLongitudeEquatorPrime MeridianTropic of CancerTropic of CapricornNorth PoleSouth Pole8Climate InvestigationWhat are the 3 general zones of latitude? Map (shade) and label the zones.Write a description of each zones climate.What factors can affect a climate zone?What zone is affected by seasons? How are they affected?Use your textbook and Atlas to answer the following questions. Complete the written answers on the back and map all components on the front.9

Climate ZonesThe three major climate zones on the Earth are the polar, temperate, and tropical zones. Temperatures in these three climate zones are determined by angle of suns rays and are marked by latitudes into zones.

Image: http://www.brockmann-consult.de/iavisa-info-web/data-set-generation.html10

Climate ZonesTropic ZoneThe tropical zones, which extend from 30 degrees north and south latitude to the equator (0 degrees) have high temperatures and high humidity. Precipitation in the tropical zones is usually very heavy during part of the year. Tropical zones are also known as low latitude climates.

Tropical climates have the warmest average yearly temperatures. There is no winter in tropical climates. In a tropical climate, the average temperature during the coldest month of the year does not fall below 18 degrees C.

Information: http://www.cgrove417.org/fry/Science/Climate/climatezones.htmlImage: http://www.berkeleycitycollege.edu/faculty/rhaberlin/emstyg2.htm11

In each hemisphere, the temperate zone is found between 60 and 30 degrees latitude. In the areas of the temperate zones farther from the equator, snow is common in the winter. In the areas of the temperate zones closer to the equator, rain normally falls all year round. But the average amount of precipitation is about the same throughout the temperate zones. Average temperatures in the temperate zones vary greatly. They range from about 5 C to more than 20 C. These temperatures fall between those of the polar and the tropical zones.

Climate ZonesTemperate Zones

Information: http://www.cgrove417.org/fry/Science/Climate/climatezones.htmlImage: http://www.berkeleycitycollege.edu/faculty/rhaberlin/emstyg2.htm

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Polar ZonesIn each hemisphere, the polar zone extends from the pole (90) to about 60 degrees latitude. Polar climates have the coldest average temperatures. Within the polar zones, the average yearly temperature remains below freezing (below O degrees C). Polar climates have no summer. Even during the warmest months of the year, the average temperature does not rise above 10 degrees C. There is little precipitation in the polar zones.Climate ZonesPolar Zone

Information: http://www.cgrove417.org/fry/Science/Climate/climatezones.htmlImage: http://www.berkeleycitycollege.edu/faculty/rhaberlin/emstyg2.htm13Climate DollsIdentify the location for your doll. Where is she/he from?Dress your doll appropriately for the climate zone and season.Add an object to the hand that would represent the climate zone and region.Attach an index card to the dolls feet with the following information:Location (Name & Coordinates)Typical weatherDescription of appropriate dressTools that may be utilized to adapt to weather conditions Choose one of the following coordinate locations and complete the tasks to create your own paper doll.

60*N in January10*N in February35*N in July40*S in August14Wrap-up QuestionExplain how the lines of latitude impact the climate.15